Rhyme and other sound devices

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38 Terms
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end rhyme

Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry. (most common)

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internal rhyme

a rhyme involving a word in the middle of a line and another at the end of the line or in the middle of the next.

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rhyme scheme

pattern of rhymes within a unit of verse; in analysis, each end rhyme-sound is represented by a letter.

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Masculine rhyme (single rhyme)

rhyme in which only the last, accented syllable of the rhyming words correspond exactly in sound; most common kind of end rhyme

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feminine rhyme (double rhyme)

Rhyme in which two consecutive syllable of the rhyme-words correspond, the first syllable carrying the accent

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Half rhyme (slant rhyme)

imperfect, approximate rhyme (sun/sea/scud/beaks)

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assonance

repetition of two or more vowel sounds within a line.

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consonance

Repetition of two or more consonant sounds within a line.

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alliteration

Repetition of two or more initial consonant sounds

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Onomatopoeia

the use of words that imitate sounds

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euphony

the use of compatible, harmonious sounds to produce pleasing, melodious effect

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cacophony

The use of inharmonious sounds in close conjunction for effect.

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enjambment (run-on line)

a run-on-line, one continuing into the next without grammatical breaks.

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end-stopped line

a line that ends in a grammatical break prior to the next line.

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meter

Poem's rhythm, or it's pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.

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iamb (iambic)

unstressed, stressed (/ u)

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Trochee (trochaic)

stressed, unstressed (u /)

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anapest (anapestic)

unstressed, unstressed, stressed (uu/)

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Dactyl (Dactylic )

stressed, unstressed, unstressed (/uu)

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spondee (spondaic)

stressed, stressed (//)

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metric feet

specific sequence of syllables in a verse of poetry -Monometer -Dimeter -Trimeter -Tetrameter -pentameter -Hexameter -heptameter -Octometer

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Scansion

analysis of mechanical elements within a poem to determine meter

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stressed syllable

part of the word that is emphasized when said aloud

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unstressed syllable

the part of the word that you don't emphasize or accent

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cononant blends

st in fast; nd in bend; fr in from; sl in slip;

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Caesura

A pause of break with a line of poetry (middle)

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Anacrusis

an extra unaccented syllable at the beginning of a line before the regular meter begins

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catalexis

an extra unaccented syllable at the ending of a line after the regular meter ends, or the absence of a syllable in the last foot of a line or verse.

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lyric poetry

Personal, reflective poetry that reveals the speaker's thoughts and feelings about the subject

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sonnet

a poem of 14 lines of iambic pentameter

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Ode

A lyric poem usually marked by serious, respectful, and exalted feelings toward the subject.

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elegy

a poem of serious reflection, typically a lament for the dead.

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epigram

short satirical/witty statement in a verse

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ballad

A narrative poem written in four-line stanzas, characterized by swift action and narrated in a direct style.

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redonilla

spanish verse form -quatrains -trochaic tetameter -abab or abba

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decima

spanish verse form -10 line stanzas -regular rhyme -octosyllabic

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free verse

poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter

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blank verse

unrhymed iambic pentameter

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