Chapter 4 Vocab Mr. Medley

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Preamble

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29 Terms

1

Preamble

the introduction to a formal document, especially the Constitution

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2

Gouverneur Morris

author of the Preamble

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3

Popular Sovereignty

political theory that government is subject to the will of the people

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4

Republicanism

favoring a republic or representative democracy as the best form of government

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5

Federalism

the sharing of power between federal and state governments

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6

Enumerated powers

powers belonging only to the federal government

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7

Reserved powers

powers retained by the states

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8

Concurrent powers

powers shared by the states and federal governments

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9

Amendment

an addition to a formal document such as the constitution

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10

Implied powers

powers not specifically mentioned in the Constitution

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11

Judicial review

the right of the Supreme Court to determine if a law violates the constitution

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12

John Marshall

the head of the Supreme Court.

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13

Appropriate

to set something aside for a particular purpose

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14

Impeach

to formally charge a public official with misconduct in office

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15

Constituent

people that members of congress represent

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16

Due process of law

idea that government must follow procedures

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17

Thomas Jefferson

author of a resolution on religious freedom that was adopted by the Virginia state legislature in 1786. (also author of DOI)

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18

Citizen

a person who owes loyalty to and is entitled to the protection of a state or nation

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19

naturalization

to grant full citizenship to a foreigner

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20

adjourn

break off a meeting with the intention of resuming it later

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21

bill

a draft of a proposed law presented to parliament for discussion.

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22

Constitution

a body of fundamental principles or established

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23

Executive Branch

the branch of government headed by the president that enforces the nation’s laws and policies

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24

Judicial Branch

the branch of government including federal court system that interprets nations laws

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25

Legislative Branch

the branch of government that makes the nation’s laws

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26

quorum

the minimum number of members of an assembly or society that must be present at any of its meetings to make the proceedings of that meeting valid.

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27

revenue

income money

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28

ratification/ratify

to sign or give formal consent to

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29

duty

tax on Imports

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