Chronic Quiz 4

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Advocacy

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25 Terms

1

Advocacy

protection and support of another's rights

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2

Autonomy

self-determination; being independent and self-governing

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3

Beneficence

principle of doing good

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4

Bioethics

ethics that encompass all those perspectives that seek to understand human nature and behavior, the domain of social science, and the natural world number of fields and disciplines grounded broadly under the rubric of "the life sciences" -What kind of person should I be in order to live a moral life and make good ethical decisions? -What are my duties and obligations to other people whose life and well-being may be affected by my actions? -What do I owe the common good or the public interest in my life as a member of society?

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5

Care-based approach

directs attention to the specific situation of individual patients viewed within the context of their life narrative

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6

Code of ethics

set of principles that reflect the primary goals, values, and obligations of the profession

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7

Conscientious Objection

refusal to participate in certain types of treatment and care based on the fact that these activities violate the nurse's personal and professional ethical beliefs and standards

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8

Deontologic

an action is right or wrong based on a rule, independent of its consequences

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9

Moral Agency

ability to behave in an ethical way; to do the ethically right thing because it is the right thing to do

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10

Ethical Dilemma

arise when attempted adherence to basic ethical principles results in two conflicting course of action

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11

Ethics

systematic study of principles of right and wrong conduct, virtue and vice, and good and evil as they relate to conduct and human flourishing

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12

Feminist ethics

particular type of ethical approach popular among nurses, critiques existing patterns of oppression and domination in society, especially as these affect women and the poor

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13

Fidelity

keeping promises and commitments made to others

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14

Justice

process that distributes benefits, risks, and costs fairly

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15

Moral distress

occurs when you know the right thing to do but wither personal or institutional factors make it difficult to follow the correct course of action

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16

Moral resilience

developed capacity to respond well to morally distressing experiences and to emerge strong

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17

Morals

like ethics, concerned with what constitutes right action; more informal and personal than the term ethics

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18

Nonmaleficence

principle of avoiding evil

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19

Nursing ethics

subset of bioethics, is the formal study of ethical issues that arise in the practice of nursing and of the analysis used by nurses to make and evaluate ethical judgements

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20

Principle-based approach

combines elements of both utilitarian and deontologic theories and offers specific action guides for practice -autonomy -nonmaleficence -beneficence -justice

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21

Utilitarian

the rightness or wrongness of an action depends on the consequences of the action

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22

Values

set of beliefs that are meaningful in life and that influence relationships with others

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23

Value system

organization of values in which each is ranked along a continuum of importance, often leading to a personal code of conduct

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24

Values clarification

process by which people come to understand their own values and value system

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25

Virtues

human excellences, cultivated dispositions of character and conduct that motivate and enable us to be good human beings

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