Units 1-12 of Vocab

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adulterate

to corrupt, make worse by the addition of something of lesser value (Synonym: contaminate, pollute, sully)

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ambidextrous

able to use both hands equally well; very skillful; deceitful, hypocritical (Synonym: versatile, flexible)

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augment

to make larger, increase (Synonym: supplement, ample)

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bereft

deprived of; made unhappy through a loss (Synonym: bereaved)

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deploy

to position or arrange; to utilize; to form up (Synonym: station, organize)

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dour

stern, unyielding, gloomy, ill-humored (Synonym: harsh, bleak, forbidding, saturnine)

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fortitude

courage in facing difficulties (Synonym: resolve, steadfastness, mettle)

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gape

to stare with open mouth; to open the mouth wide; to open wide (Synonym: ogle)

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gibe

to utter taunting words; an expression of scorn (Synonym: ridicule, mock, deride, jeer)

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guise

an external appearance, cover, mask (Synonym: costume, semblance, pretense)

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insidious

intended to deceive or entrap; sly, treacherous (Synonym: cunning, dastardly, perfidious)

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intimation

a hint, indirect suggestion (Synonym: clue, inkling)

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opulent

wealthy, luxurious; ample; grandiose (Synonym: rich, plentiful, abundant)

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pliable

easily bent, flexible; easily influenced (Synonym: adaptable, resilient)

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reiterate

to say again, repeat (Synonym: restate, recapitulate)

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stolid

not easily moved mentally or emotionally; dull, unresponsive (Synonym: impassive, phlegmatic)

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tentative

experimental in nature; uncertain, hesitant (Synonym: provisional, inconclusive)

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unkempt

not combed; untidy; not properly maintained; unpolished, rude (Synonym: sloppy, disordered, rough)

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verbatim

word for word; exactly as written or spoken (Synonym: exact, precisely)

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warily

cautiously, with great care (Synonym: prudent, gingerly)

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adroit

skillful, expert in the use of the hands or mind (Synonym: clever, deft, slick, dexterous)

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amicable

peaceable, friendly (Synonym: congenial, neighborly, cordial)

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averse

having a deep-seated distaste; opposed, unwilling (Synonym: disinclined, loath)

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belligerent

given to fighting, warlike; combative, aggressive; one at war, one engaged in war (Synonym: assertive, truculent, pugnacious)

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benevolent

kindly, charitable (Synonym: benign, well-meaning)

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cursory

hasty, not thorough (Synonym: quick, superficial, perfunctory)

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duplicity

treachery, deceitfulness (Synonym: double-dealing, chicanery)

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extol

to praise extravagantly (Synonym: glorify, appluad, acclaim, hail)

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feasible

possible, able to be done (Synonym: workable, viable)

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grimace

a wry face, facial distortion; to make a wry face (Synonym: pained expression, facial contortion)

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holocaust

a large-scale destruction, especially by fire; a vast slaughter; a burnt offering (Synonym: conflagration, devastation, annihilation)

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impervious

not affected or hurt by; admitting of no passage or entrance (Synonym: impenetrable, resistant, proof against)

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impetus

a moving force, impulse, stimulus (Synonym: impulse, spur)

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jeopardy

danger (Synonym: risk, hazard, peril)

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meticulous

extremely careful; particular about details (Synonym: fastidious, fussy)

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nostalgia

a longing for something past; homesickness

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quintessence

the purest essence or form of something; the most typical example (Synonym: paragon, exemplar)

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retrogress

to move backward; to return to an earlier condition (Synonym: revert, degenerate, decline)

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scrutinize

to examine closely (Synonym: inspect, pore over)

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tepid

lukewarm; unenthusiastic, marked by an absence of interest (Synonym: insipid, halfhearted)

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adversary

an enemy, opponent (Synonym: antagonist, foe)

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alienate

to turn away; to make indifferent or hostile; to transfer, convey (Synonym: separate, drive apart, estrange)

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artiface

a skillful or ingenious device; a clever trick; a clever skill; trickery (Synonym: ruse, strategem, contrivance)

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coerce

to compel, force (Synonym: pressure, bully, constrain)

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craven

cowardly; a coward (Synonym: fearful, fainthearted, pusillanimous)

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culinary

of or related to cooking or the kitchen

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demise

a death, especially of a person in a lofty position (Synonym: decease, passing away)

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exhilarate

to enliven, cheer, give spirit or liveliness to (Synonym: stimulate, excite, gladden)

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fallow

plowed but not seeded; inactive; reddish-yellow; land left unseeded; to plow but not seed (Synonym: unproductive, dormant)

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harass

to disturb, worry; to trouble by repeated attacks (Synonym: annoy, bedevil, beleaguer)

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inclement

stormy, harsh; severe in attitude or action (Synonym: blustery, tempestuous, implacable)

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liquidate

to pay a debt, settle an account; to eliminate (Synonym: reconcile, pay, cancel, exterminate)

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muse

to think about in a dreamy way, ponder (Synonym: contemplate, daydream)

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negligible

so unimportant that it can be disregarded (Synonym: trivial, inconsequential, insignificant)

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perpetuate

to make permanent or long lasting (Synonym: continue, preserve, prolong indefinitely)

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precedent

an example that may serve as a basis for imitation or later action (Synonym: guide, tradition, model)

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punitive

inflicting or aiming at punishment (Synonym: penalizing, retaliatory)

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redress

to set right, remedy; relief from wrong or injury (Synonym: correct, mitigate)

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sojourn

a temporary stay; to stay for a time (Synonym: visit, brief stay)

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urbane

refined in manner or style, suave (Synonym: elegant)

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affiliated

associated, connected (Synonym: attached, related, joined)

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ascertain

to find out (Synonym: discover, establish)

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attainment

an accomplishment, the act of achieving (Synonym: achievement, fulfillment)

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bequeath

to give or pass on as an inheritance (Synonym: transmit, bestow)

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cogent

forceful, convincing; relevant, to the point (Synonym: persuasive, compelling)

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converge

to move toward one point, approach nearer together (Synonym: meet, unite, intersect, merge)

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disperse

to scatter, spread far and wide (Synonym: break up, dispel)

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esteem

to regard highly; a highly favorable opinion or judgement (Synonym: respect, honor, revere)

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expunge

to erase, obliterate, destroy (Synonym: efface, annihilate)

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finite

having limits; lasting for a limited time (Synonym: bounded, measurable)

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invulnerable

not able to be wounded or hurt; shielded against attack (Synonym: impregnable, impervious, immune)

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malevolent

spiteful, showing ill will (Synonym: malicious, wicked, sinister, malignant)

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nonchalant

cool and confident, unconcerned (Synonym: composed, unruffled, blasé)

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omniscient

knowing everything; having unlimited awareness or understanding (Synonym: wise, all-knowing)

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panacea

a remedy for all ills; cure-all; an answer to all problems (Synonym: universal cure)

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scrupulous

exact, careful, attending thoroughly to details; having high moral standards, principled (Synonym: painstaking, meticulous, conscientious)

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skulk

to move about stealthily; to lie in hiding (Synonym: lurk, slink, prowl)

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supercilious

proud and contemptuous; showing scorn because of a feeling of superiority (Synonym: snobbish, patronizing, overbearing)

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uncanny

strange, mysterious, weird, beyond explanation (Synonym: inexplicable, spooky)

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venial

easily excused; pardonable (Synonym: excusable, forgivable)

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altruistic

unselfish, concerned with the welfare of others (Synonym: selfless)

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assent

to express agreement; agreement (Synonym: consent, concur)

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benefactor

one who does good to others (Synonym: patron, humanitarian)

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chivalrous

marked by honor, courtesy, and courage; knightly (Synonym: civil, valiant, courtly)

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