The Church Semester 2 Final

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172 Terms

1

Church

The entire people of God throughout the world

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2

Diocese

A "particular" or "local" church, the regional community of believers, who commonly gather in parishes, under the leadership of a bishop

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3

Liturgy

The Church's official, public, communal prayer

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4

Kingdom of God

Goal of God's plan of salvation

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5

Church Fathers

Teachers whose writings extended the tradition of the apostles

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6

Foreshadow

To represent or prefigure a person before his or her life or an event before it occurs

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7

Incarnation

To become flesh, referring to Jesus

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8

Grace

The free and undeserved gift of God's loving and active presence in the universe and in our lives

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9

Bishop

One who has received the fullness of the Sacrament of Holy Orders and is a successor to the Apostles

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10

Trinity

The central mystery of the Christian faith that God exists as a communion of three distinct and interrelated divine Persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

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11

Pentecost

The fiftieth day following Easter, which commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit on the early Apostles and disciples

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12

Gentile

A non-Jewish person

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13

Communion

Refers to receiving the Body and Blood of Christ

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14

Evangelization

The proclamation of the Good News of Jesus Christ through words and witness

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15

Animate

To give life or motion to

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16

Sanctify

To make holy

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17

Body of Christ

A term that when capitalized designates Jesus' Body in the Eucharist, or the entire Church

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18

Virtue

A habitual and firm disposition to do good

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19

Sacred Tradition

The living transmission of the Church's Gospel message found in the Church's teaching, life, and worship

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20

Petition

A prayer form in which one asks God for help and forgiveness

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21

Intercession

A prayer on behalf of another person or group

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22

Charism

A special gift or grace of the Holy Spirit given to an individual Christian or community, commonly for the benefit and building up of the entire Church

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23

Infallibility

The gift given by the Holy Spirit to the Pope and the bishops in union with him to teach on matters of faith and morals without error

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24

Doctrine

An official, authoritative teaching of the Church based on the Revelation of God

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25

Assumption of Mary

The dogma that recognizes that the body of the Blessed Virgin Mary was taken directly to Heaven after her life on earth had ended

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26

Ecumenical Council

A gathering of the Church's bishops from around the world convened by the Pope or approved by him to address pressing issues in the Church

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27

Trinitarian

Of or relating to the Trinity or the doctrine of the Trinity

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28

Conversion

A change of heart, turning away from sin and toward God

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29

Hellenistic

Of or influenced by the Greek Empire

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30

Blasphemy

Speaking, acting, or thinking about God, Jesus Christ, the Virgin Mary, or the saints in a way that is irreverent, mocking, or offensive

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31

Martyr

A person who suffers death because of his or her beliefs

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32

Kingdom

Jesus established the Church in order to create the __________________ of God on Earth with the saving gift of himself

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33

Mission

The ____________ of the Holy Spirit is to continually sanctify, build, and animate the Church.

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34

Evangelizing

We can help build the Church by ______________________ or spreading the Good News

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35

Meanings

The three ___________ of the Church are the entire community of God's people around the world, the local community or diocese, and the community gathered for liturgy in the Mass. Church with a capital C stands for the whole Roman Catholic Church as the People of Christ, and lowercase c stands for the building

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36

Stephen

The first Christian martyr was ________________, he died from stoning when Paul was present, the story in found in Acts of the Apostles

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37

Pentecost

________________ is when the Holy Spirit descended as tongues of fire and is considered the birthday of the church

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38

Spirt

The three symbols for the Holy ____________ are the Breath and Wind for God breathing the breath of life into man, Fire for the events at Pentecost and in the burning bush, and Dove for the Christian art images and the events at Pentecost

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39

Charisms

Religious orders have a variety of _________________ or special graces, such as the Benedictines (founded by St. Benedict of Nursia with the graces of work and prayer), Franciscans (founded by St. Francis of Assisi with the graces of poverty and simplicity), Missionaries of Charity (founded by St. Teresa of Calcutta with the grace of ministering to the poorest of the poor)

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40

Persecuted

The Jewish and Roman leaders __________________ Christians because they believed Jesus' divinity was blasphemous since only God was divine. The Romans also attacked the Christians because some refused to offer sacrifices to the emperor as the Christians believed it was idolatry

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41

Institution

The first of the 5 Models of the Church is called the Church as _________________. Teaching, sanctifying, and ruling the laity. Church government is hierarchical

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42

Mystical Communion

The second of the 5 Models of the Church is called the Church as ___________________ ________________. People of faith who are united by their common participation in God's spirit through Christ. We are travelers on the same journey of faith

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43

Sacrament

The third of the 5 Models of the Church is called the Church as _________________. A sign and transmitter of God's grace in the world. Communal realities and not individual transactions

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44

Herald

The fourth of the 5 Models of the Church is called the Church as _________________. Emphasizes faith and proclamation over interpersonal relations and mystical communion. Emphasizes the message of the Gospel

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45

Servant

The fifth of the 5 Models of the Church is called the Church as ______________. To serve, not to be served. The Church should consider itself part of the total human family

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46

Avery Dulles

____________ _____________ was a man born in 1918, raised Presbyterian, met a Jesuit priest and converted, died in 2008, made a cardinal by Pope John Paul II, first American born theologian who was not a bishop to receive this honor

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47

Acts

The book of __________ includes Gamaliel, a teacher of law as a well respected Pharisee in the Sanhedrin, Stephen the first martyr, Saul in his conversion to Paul, Damascus where Saul is heading, Ananias who baptized Paul, goes to Jerusalem. Barnabas was Paul's "in" to the Apostles. Antioch were the people were first called Christians, James, Peter, Paul on his four journeys. The book began with the Ascension

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48

Theophilus

The name ________________ was given to the audience of the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles that means lover of God

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49

Luke

The author of Acts was St. ____________ the Evangelist as a sequel to his Gospel

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50

Marks of the Church

The four essential features or characteristics of the Church: One, Holy, Catholic (universal), and Apostolic

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51

Vatican Council II

The ecumenical or general council of the Roman Catholic Church that Pope John XXIII (1958-1963) convened in 1962 and that continued under Pope Paul VI (1963-1978) until 1965

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52

Vicar of Christ

Term used for the Pope that emphasizes his role as a representative of Christ himself

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53

Creed

A statement of belief

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54

Nicene Creed

The formal statement or profession of faith commonly recited during the Eucharist

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55

Apostolic Succession

The uninterrupted passing on of apostolic preaching and authority from the Apostles directly to all bishops

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56

Holy Orders

The Sacrament by which men are ordained to the episcopacy, priesthood, or diaconate

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57

Heresy

The conscious and deliberate rejection of a dogma of the Church

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58

Schism

A major break that causes division

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59

Dogma

Teachings recognized as central to Church teaching, defined by the Magisterium and accorded the fullest weight and authority

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60

Excommunication

A severe penalty that results from grave sin against Church law

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61

Indulgence

The means by which the Church takes away the punishment that a person would receive in Purgatory

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62

Ecumenism

The movement to restore unity among all Christians

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63

Theologian

One who engages in the academic discipline of theology or the study of God

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64

Vocation

A call from God to all members of the Church to embrace a life of holiness

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65

Consecrated Life

A state of life recognized by the Church in which a person publicly professes vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience

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66

Sanctifying Grace

The grace that heals our human nature wounded by sin and restores us to friendship with God by giving us a share in the divine life of the Trinity.

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67

Actual Grace

God's interventions and support for us in the everyday moments of our lives

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68

Sacramental Grace

The gifts proper to each of the Seven Sacraments

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69

Purgatory

A state of final purification or cleansing, which one may need to enter following death and before entering Heaven

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70

Original Sin

The fallen state of human nature into which all generations of people are born

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71

Fiat

Latin for "let it be done"

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72

Theotokos

A Greek title for Mary meaning "God bearer"

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73

Catholic

Universal, Christ is present in her and has given her the fullness of the means of salvation

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74

Ministry

Based on a word for "service," a way of caring for and serving others and helping the Church fulfill its mission

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75

College of Bishops

The assembly of bishops, headed by the Pope, that holds the teaching authority and responsibility in the Church

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76

Canonize

The act by which the Church officially recognizes a deceased Catholic as a saint

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77

Latin Church

Follows the teachings of the diocese of rome

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78

Icon

Sacred image of Christ, Mary, or the saints, especially in Eastern churches

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79

Iconostasis

A screen or partition with doors and tiers of icons that separates the bema, the raised part of the church with the altar, from the nave, the main part of the church, in Eastern Churches

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80

Apostolic

To be founded on the Twelve Apostles

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81

Ecclesial

Of or relating to the a church

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82

Episcopal

Of or relating to bishops

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83

Apostolate

The Christian person's activity that fulfills the apostolic nature of the whole Church when he or she works to extend the Kingdom of Christ to the entire world

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84

Laity

All members of the Church with the exception of those who are ordained as bishops, priests, or deacons

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85

Essential

The Four Marks of the Church relate to the life of the Church because they are the _________________ features of the Church

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86

Catholicity

We see the church's ______________________ in the saints. Our saints have come from various walks of life and many different places. The saints live it out by respecting the Four Marks of the Church

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87

Unity

The source of ____________ in the Church is the Trinity

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88

Sacraments

The _______________, especially the Eucharist are the visible bonds of unity in the Church

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89

Eucharist

Some Christians cannot receive the __________________ because their church does not have the fullness of Apostolic Succession

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90

Roman, Greek

________________ Catholicism is headed by a singular Pope, use the Gregorian calendar, and use statues. _______________ Orthodox is self-headed in their churches, no Stations of the Cross, and have four nails on the cross. Both have real bishops, use icons, and use beads to pray

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91

Martin Luther

95 Thesis, posted in 1517, led to religious reform, criticized the selling of indulgences, he was excommunicated, formed a new community that is now called the Lutherans, was a somewhat violent time in the Protestant Reformation

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92

Principles

The main theological ________________ of the Protestant Reformation were that Scripture alone should be the basis for Church teaching instead of Sacred Tradition, and salvation comes from God's grace alone

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93

Trent

At the Council of ____________, more than 25 meetings worked on the issues the Protestants challenged were addressed and it purified, reformed, and strengthen the Church

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94

1054, 1517

In the year _________ AD the Great Schism between the Roman and Greek Catholic Churches occurred. On October 31st, _______ Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses

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95

Holy

The Church is _______ because God created her, so she is united with Christ. The heart of holiness is loved

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96

Communion

The ____________ of Saints is the group of holy people which consists of those living and those who are dead but alive with God

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97

Saints

The _________ model holiness for us as they have lived a life of extraordinary holiness or died for their faith. We ask the saints to pray for us to God or to intercede in our lives. An example is praying for the intercession of Saint Anthony of Padua to help in finding lost items

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98

Mary

The perfect model of holiness for us is ___________ herself

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99

Ignatius

St. ____________ of Antioch was the first to call the Church, "Catholic." He died when he was thrown into wild beasts that ate him

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100

Authority

The Church of Rome has special _______________ because it is built on the foundation of the Apostles

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