Foreign Policy Final 2

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Woodrow Wilson

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1

Woodrow Wilson

28th president of the United States Kept us out of war

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2

George Kennan

He was an American diplomat and ambassador best known as "the father of containment"

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3

Isolationism

A national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs

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4

Idealism

broad moral principles

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5

National Interest

what is good for a country as a whole in international relations; often disputed

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6

Imperialism

domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region

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7

Marshall Plan

providing aid to Europe after WW2

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8

Alfred Thayer Mahan

Navy officer, advocated the expansion of sea power

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9

What decade it the US abandon isolationism

late 1890s

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10

Monroe Doctrine

Told Europe that colonization in western hemisphere was no longer allowed

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11

Manifest Destiny

A notion held by a nineteenth-century Americans that the United States was destined to rule the continent, from the Atlantic the Pacific.

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12

What did George Washingtion say in his farwell speech

entangling affairs

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13

Who did the US ask for help from during the revolutionary war

France and Spain

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14

Truman Doctrine

President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology

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15

When did the US nuclear monopoly end?

1949

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16

What did the Senate do with the Treaty of Versailles

didn't ratify it

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17

who had panama as a territory?

Colombia

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18

What years were the US involved in WW1

1917-1918

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19

What did the US get during the Imperialist years

Puerto Rico Philippines Guam Wake and Hawaii

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20

Containment

American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world

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21

Why did the US declare independence

unfair taxes right to govern and freedom

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22

Spanish-American War

splendid little war

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23

Sputnik

Soviet satellite (fear of missile gap)

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24

US National Interest from 1776-1900

acquiring lands solidifying nation and fighting wars if necessary

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25

Cuban Missile Crisis

The 1962 confrontation bewteen US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba. Soviets withdrew thier missiles

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26

What did Germany pay after WWI

reparations

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27

Internationalism

A national policy of actively trading with foreign countries to foster peace and prosperity

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28

Preemption

attacking before the other can attack

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29

Why did the US get involved in the 1990's Gulf War

Iraq invaded Kuwait

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30

Cold War

The political and economic confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States that dominated world affairs from 1946 to 1989.

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31

What resulted for US military after WW2

increased military size

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32

Robert McNamara

Secretary of Defense (we were wrong terribly wrong)

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33

Dien Bien Phu

The place that the final battle took place that forced the French out of Vietnam

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34

What did LBJ promise?

Never to send US boys to Vietnam

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35

Ho Chi MInh

Communist leader of North Vietnam

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36

Henry Kissinger

The main negotiator of the peace treaty with the North Vietnamese; secretary of state during Nixon's presidency (1970s).

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37

Tet Offensive

a massive surprise attack by the Vietcong on South Vietnamese towns and cities in early 1968.

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38

Ngo Dinh Diem

Leader of South Vietnam

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39

Vietnamization

President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces

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40

Domino Theory

A theory that if one nation comes under Communist control, then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control.

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41

Le Duc Tho

peace negotiator for the North Vietnamese

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42

Geneva Accords

Temporarily divided Vietnam along the 17th parallel

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43

Vietminh

Communist group led by Ho Chi Minh

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44

Vietcong

North Vietnamese troops who used guerilla tactics

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45

When did LBJ know he was finished?

After the Tet Offensive

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46

Who won the Tet Offensive?

American / South Vietnamese forces.

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47

Why did JFK get into Vietnam

Stop communism, S Vietnam would fall, save bay of pigs

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48

Why did Ho Chi Minh become a communist?

He favored ending colonialism

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49

Green Berets

Special US forces that were trained to fight the Viet Cong's guerilla tactics

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50

Peace candidate in 1964?

LBJ

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51

What didn't the US people provide in Vietnam?

the will to win

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52

Who came up with Vietnamization

Richard Nixon

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53

What agreement ended the Vietnam War

Paris Peace Accords

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54

Who won the 1973 Nobel Prize?

Le Duc Tho and Henry Kissinger

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55

How many US combat troops were in Vietnam?

543,000

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56

Counterinsurgency

an effort to combat guerrilla armies

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57

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

1964 Congressional resolution authorizing President Johnson to take military action in Vietnam

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58

What did Nixon promise in 1968

To get us out of the war with honor

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59

Why did we fight in Vietnam

Stop the spread of communism

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60

Why did the US public feel misled by LBJ

he failed to keep his promises

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61

Responsible for the great purge

Stalin

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62

detente

the easing of hostility or strained relations, especially between countries.

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63

Perestroika

restructuring

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64

Russian Revolutionary Group

Bolsheviks

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65

Vladmir Lenin

Leader of the Bolsheviks

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66

Comintern

Communist international

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67

Glasnost

openness

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68

Mikhail Gorbachev

Soviet leader of the 1980s who worked with Reagan to end the Cold War

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69

Nikita Khrushchev

A Soviet leader during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Also famous for denouncing Stalin and allowed criticism of Stalin within Russia.

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70

Boris Yeltsin

first president of the Russian Republic

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71

What did Richard Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev work toward

ending the cold war

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72

Who did Lenin choose as his heir?

nobody

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73

What system has government ownership of the economy

Socialism

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74

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

treaty between Russia and Germany that would end Russia's involvement in WWI in 1917

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75

Geopolitics

study of government and its policies as affected by physical geography

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76

What agreement gave the Soviets eastern Poland

Hitler-Stalin Pact

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77

What was the first sign of the Cuban Missile Crisis

ships from Russia

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78

Who denounced Stalin's crimes in a "secret speech"?

Khrushchev

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79

Who met at the Yalta Conference?

Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin

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80

Why didn't Eastern Europe like the Soviets?

Communization of its nations

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81

What did the Cold War center on

Eastern Europe

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82

What agreement divided Germany after WW2

Yalta Agreement

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83

What ended detente?

Soviet invasion of Afghanistan

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84

What were JFK's choices during the Cuban Missile Crisis?

Attack Quarantine or Wait it out

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85

Why was the crisis more dangerous than thought?

Missiles were already in cuba

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86

What agreement limited missile deployment

SALT

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87

What Russian situation was like Vietnam for the US?

Invasion of Afghanistan

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88

What was the peak of the Cold War?

Cuban Missile Crisis

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89

US response to Soviets invading Afghanistan

Arms buildup, boycott of olympics, cancel grain sales

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90

Who only wanted to reform the soviet system

Gorbachev

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91

What country foreign policy does Russia resemble

USSR

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92

What countries rebelled against the Soviet Union

Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia

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93

Cold War years

1945-1991

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94

Who said "tear down this wall"?

Ronald Reagan

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95

What hasn't worked as planned in Russia

Capitalism

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96

What was one of Putin's goals

Restore pride

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97

What Chinese leader didn't follow Stalin's advice

Mao Ze Dong

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98

What did Lenin think would happen after the revolution

The Soviet Union would be great

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99

Nelson Mandela

First black president of South Africa

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100

Apartheid

A social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites.

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