Psych Exam 1

studied byStudied by 1 Person
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Psychology

1/102

Tags & Description

Studying Progress

New cards
102
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
102 Terms
New cards

Psychology

scientific study of mind and behavior

New cards
New cards

Mind

private inner experience

New cards
New cards

Behavior

observable action of human beings and animals

New cards
New cards

W.E.I.R.D.

Western Educated Industrialized Rich and Democratic

New cards
New cards

Nativism

philosophical view that certain kinds of knowledge is born

Kant

New cards
New cards

Nature

based on the genes from your parents

New cards
New cards

Philosophical Empiricism

knowledge is acquired through experience

Locke

New cards
New cards

Nurture

everything you are and do is because of how you were raised

New cards
New cards

Functionalism

study of how mental abilities adapt to an environment

William James

New cards
New cards

Structuralism

analyzing the mind by breaking it down into components

Wilhelm Wundt "father of psychology"

New cards
New cards

Consciousness

person's subjective experience

New cards
New cards

Introspection

subjective observation of one's own experience

New cards
New cards

Scientific Method

principles about the appropriate relationship between ideas and evidence

New cards
New cards

Theory

hypothetical explanation of a natural phenomenon

New cards
New cards

Hypothesis

falsifiable prediction of a theory

New cards
New cards

Empirical Method

set of rules and techniques for observation

New cards
New cards

Objective

see it, observe it

New cards
New cards

Subjective

personal feelings and thoughts

New cards
New cards

Operational Definition

Specific and precise procedure by which a variable is defined and measured

New cards
New cards

Measure

process by which you get results

New cards
New cards

Validity

measurement and property are completely related

New cards
New cards

Reliability

Consistent

New cards
New cards

Power

ability of measure to detect the concrete conditions specified in operational definition

New cards
New cards

Demand Characteristics

subjects behave how they think they should behave when being evaluated

New cards
New cards

Naturalistic Observation

observing people in natural environments

New cards
New cards

Observer Bias

expectations influence observations and influence perceptions

New cards
New cards

Correlation

relationship between two variables

New cards
New cards

Third Variable Problems

variables can not be inferred because of possibility of third variable

New cards
New cards

Manipulation

creation of artificial pattern of variation in the variable in order to determine its power

New cards
New cards

Random Assignment

use of random count to assign people to the experimental or control group

New cards
New cards

Case Method

special case of a single subject

New cards
New cards

Willowbrook State School

institutionalized kids with disabilities, parents had to agree to let the school give their child hepatitis A to be let in

New cards
New cards

Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment

free check ups where they tested for syphilis without telling the subjects if they had it or not

New cards
New cards

Syphilis Tests in Guatemala

deliberately infected people with syphilis

New cards
New cards

Neurons

cells in nervous system that communicate with one another to performing information processing tasks

New cards
New cards

B.O.L.D.

Blood Oxygen Level Dependent

New cards
New cards

Sensory Neuron

receive information from outside world and convey it to the brain

New cards
New cards

Motor Neuron

signal from spine to muscle for movement

New cards
New cards

Interneuron

connect sensory, motor and other interneurons

New cards
New cards

Mirror Neurons

neurons that fire when watching someone do an action and actually doing it

New cards
New cards

Action Potential

electric signal that is conducted along a neuron's axon to a synapse ; K closes, Na opens, becomes positive

New cards
New cards

Resting Potential

difference in charge between inside and outside of neuron's cell membrane; K opens, Na closes, negative charge

New cards
New cards

Synaptic Transmission

  1. Crosses and goes to receptor sites

  2. Reuptake

  3. Enzyme deactivation

  4. Autoreceptor

New cards
New cards

Acetylcholine

neurotransmitter involved in voluntary motor control

New cards
New cards

Dopamine

regulates motor behavior, motivation, pleasure and emotional arousal

New cards
New cards

Glutamate

promotes action in other neurons

New cards
New cards

GABA

calms things down, slows it down

New cards
New cards

Norepinephrine

aware and vigilant

New cards
New cards

Serotonin

regulation of sleep and wakefulness

New cards
New cards

Endorphins

chemical that acts within pain pathways

New cards
New cards

Agonist

increase action in neuron

New cards
New cards

Antagonist

blocks function in neuron

New cards
New cards

Somatic

voluntary muscle control

New cards
New cards

Autonomic

things we can't control

New cards
New cards

Hindbrain

basic functions of life

New cards
New cards

Cerebellum

fine motor skills

New cards
New cards

Reticular Formation

regulates sleep, wakefulness, and arousal

New cards
New cards

Medulla

heart rate, circulation, respiration

New cards
New cards

Pons

relays info from cerebellum to rest of brain

New cards
New cards

Midbrain

on top of hindbrain

New cards
New cards

Tegmentum

movement and arousal

New cards
New cards

Tectum

orients organism in environment

New cards
New cards

Thalamus

takes in sensory info to be processed

New cards
New cards

Corpus Callosum

band of axons - gallele cells

New cards
New cards

Limbic System

motivation, emotion, memory and learning

New cards
New cards

Hypothalamus

Regulatory behavior

New cards
New cards

Pituitary Gland

master gland

New cards
New cards

Amygdala

processing fear and memories of fear

New cards
New cards

Hippocampus

memories

New cards
New cards

Occipital Lobe

processing visual information

New cards
New cards

Temporal Lobe

responsible for hearing and language

New cards
New cards

Parietal Lobe

information about touch

New cards
New cards

Frontal Lobe

lobe associated with planning, memories, movement and judgment

New cards
New cards

Motor Cortex

generate signals to direct the movement of the body

New cards
New cards

Sensory Cortex

all cortical areas associated with sensory function

New cards
New cards

Phenomenology

how things seem to the conscious person

New cards
New cards

Intentionality

being directed towards an object

New cards
New cards

Unity

the entire scene

New cards
New cards

Automaticity

skill that was practiced repeatedly can be done with direction

New cards
New cards

Selectivity

capacity to include some objects but no others

New cards
New cards

Transcience

tendency to change

New cards
New cards

Minimal Consciousness

low-level sensory awareness

New cards
New cards

Full Consciousness

you know and are able to report your mental state

New cards
New cards

Self Consciousness

person’s attention is drawn to themself

New cards