Psych Exam 1

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Psychology

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Chapter 1,2,3,5

102 Terms

1

Psychology

scientific study of mind and behavior

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2

Mind

private inner experience

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3

Behavior

observable action of human beings and animals

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4

W.E.I.R.D.

Western Educated Industrialized Rich and Democratic

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5

Nativism

philosophical view that certain kinds of knowledge is born

Kant

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6

Nature

based on the genes from your parents

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7

Philosophical Empiricism

knowledge is acquired through experience

Locke

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8

Nurture

everything you are and do is because of how you were raised

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9

Functionalism

study of how mental abilities adapt to an environment

William James

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10

Structuralism

analyzing the mind by breaking it down into components

Wilhelm Wundt "father of psychology"

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11

Consciousness

person's subjective experience

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12

Introspection

subjective observation of one's own experience

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13

Scientific Method

principles about the appropriate relationship between ideas and evidence

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14

Theory

hypothetical explanation of a natural phenomenon

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15

Hypothesis

falsifiable prediction of a theory

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16

Empirical Method

set of rules and techniques for observation

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17

Objective

see it, observe it

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18

Subjective

personal feelings and thoughts

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19

Operational Definition

Specific and precise procedure by which a variable is defined and measured

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20

Measure

process by which you get results

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21

Validity

measurement and property are completely related

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22

Reliability

Consistent

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23

Power

ability of measure to detect the concrete conditions specified in operational definition

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24

Demand Characteristics

subjects behave how they think they should behave when being evaluated

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25

Naturalistic Observation

observing people in natural environments

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26

Observer Bias

expectations influence observations and influence perceptions

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27

Correlation

relationship between two variables

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28

Third Variable Problems

variables can not be inferred because of possibility of third variable

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29

Manipulation

creation of artificial pattern of variation in the variable in order to determine its power

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30

Random Assignment

use of random count to assign people to the experimental or control group

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31

Case Method

special case of a single subject

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32

Willowbrook State School

institutionalized kids with disabilities, parents had to agree to let the school give their child hepatitis A to be let in

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33

Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment

free check ups where they tested for syphilis without telling the subjects if they had it or not

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34

Syphilis Tests in Guatemala

deliberately infected people with syphilis

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35

Neurons

cells in nervous system that communicate with one another to performing information processing tasks

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36

B.O.L.D.

Blood Oxygen Level Dependent

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37

Sensory Neuron

receive information from outside world and convey it to the brain

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38

Motor Neuron

signal from spine to muscle for movement

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39

Interneuron

connect sensory, motor and other interneurons

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40

Mirror Neurons

neurons that fire when watching someone do an action and actually doing it

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41

Action Potential

electric signal that is conducted along a neuron's axon to a synapse ; K closes, Na opens, becomes positive

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42

Resting Potential

difference in charge between inside and outside of neuron's cell membrane; K opens, Na closes, negative charge

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43

Synaptic Transmission

  1. Crosses and goes to receptor sites

  2. Reuptake

  3. Enzyme deactivation

  4. Autoreceptor

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44

Acetylcholine

neurotransmitter involved in voluntary motor control

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45

Dopamine

regulates motor behavior, motivation, pleasure and emotional arousal

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46

Glutamate

promotes action in other neurons

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47

GABA

calms things down, slows it down

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48

Norepinephrine

aware and vigilant

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49

Serotonin

regulation of sleep and wakefulness

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50

Endorphins

chemical that acts within pain pathways

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51

Agonist

increase action in neuron

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52

Antagonist

blocks function in neuron

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53

Somatic

voluntary muscle control

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54

Autonomic

things we can't control

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55

Hindbrain

basic functions of life

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56

Cerebellum

fine motor skills

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57

Reticular Formation

regulates sleep, wakefulness, and arousal

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58

Medulla

heart rate, circulation, respiration

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59

Pons

relays info from cerebellum to rest of brain

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60

Midbrain

on top of hindbrain

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61

Tegmentum

movement and arousal

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62

Tectum

orients organism in environment

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63

Thalamus

takes in sensory info to be processed

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64

Corpus Callosum

band of axons - gallele cells

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65

Limbic System

motivation, emotion, memory and learning

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66

Hypothalamus

Regulatory behavior

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67

Pituitary Gland

master gland

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68

Amygdala

processing fear and memories of fear

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69

Hippocampus

memories

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70

Occipital Lobe

processing visual information

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71

Temporal Lobe

responsible for hearing and language

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72

Parietal Lobe

information about touch

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73

Frontal Lobe

lobe associated with planning, memories, movement and judgment

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74

Motor Cortex

generate signals to direct the movement of the body

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75

Sensory Cortex

all cortical areas associated with sensory function

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76

Phenomenology

how things seem to the conscious person

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77

Intentionality

being directed towards an object

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78

Unity

the entire scene

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79

Automaticity

skill that was practiced repeatedly can be done with direction

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80

Selectivity

capacity to include some objects but no others

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81

Transcience

tendency to change

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82

Minimal Consciousness

low-level sensory awareness

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83

Full Consciousness

you know and are able to report your mental state

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84

Self Consciousness

person’s attention is drawn to themself

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85

Default Mode Network

Daydreaming, random things going on in your brain

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86

Mental Control

Attempt to change conscious states of mind

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87

Thought suppression

conscious avoidance of a thought

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88

Rebound effect of thought suppression

tendency of a thought to return to consciousness

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89

Dynamic Unconsciousness

An active system encompassing a lifetime of hidden memories, the person’s deepest \n instincts and desires, and the person’s inner struggle to control these forces; described \n by Freud.

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90

Repression

mental process that removes unacceptable thoughts and memories ; coping mechanism ; Freud

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91

Cognitive unconscious

mental process that gives rise to a person’s thoughts, etc

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92

Sleep

reversible physiological state; daily rest period

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93

Circadian Rhythm

naturally occurring 24 hour process

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94

Hypnagogic State

wakefulness to sleep

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95

Hypnopompic State

Sleep to wakefulness

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96

Somnambulism

sleep walking ; series of complex behaviors that happen while sleeping

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97

Enurusis

bed wetting

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98

Nightmares

scary dreams; occur in REM sleep

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99

Night Terrors

even scarier dreams; happen in N3(slow wave sleep)

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100

Insomnia

unable to stay asleep or fall asleep

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