medical term ch. 8 sensory

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audi/o, audit/o

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110 Terms

1

audi/o, audit/o

hearing

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2

aur/o, auricul/o

hearing

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3

blephar/o

eyelid

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4

cerumin/o

wax

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5

cohle/o

cochlea

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6

conjuctiv/o

conjunctiva

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7

cor/o, core/o, pupill/o

pupil

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8

corne/o

cornea

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9

cycl/o

ciliary body

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10

glauc/o

gray, silver

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11

ir/o, irid/o

iris

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12

kerat/o

cornea

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13

lacrim/o

tears

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14

mastoid/o

mastoid process

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15

myring/o

eardrum, middle ear

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16

nas/o

nose

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17

ocul/o

eye

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18

opthalm/o

eye

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19

opt/o, optic/o

eye, vision

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20

ossicul/o

ossicle

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21

phac/o, phak/o

lens

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22

presby/o

old

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23

pupill/o

pupil

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24

retin/o

retina

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25

salping/o

tube

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26

scier/o

white of the eye

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27

scot/o

darkness

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28

tympan/o

eardrum, middle ear

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29

uve/o

uvea

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30

scelera

outer eye membrane

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31

cornea

the transparent layer forming the front of the eye.

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32

eyelid

eye covering

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33

conjuctiva

mucous membrane that lines the eyelids and outer surface of the eyeball

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34

choroid

posterior membrane in middle layer of eye

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35

ciliary body

Structure surrounding the lens that connects the choroid and iris. anterior

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36

pupil

black circular center

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37

lens

colorless, flexible, transparent body behind iris

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38

iris

the colored part of the eye, which is the muscle that controls the size of the pupil

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39

uvea

contains iris, choroid membrane & ciliary bodies

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40

retina

the light-sensitive inner surface of the eye, containing the receptor rods and cones plus layers of neurons that begin the processing of visual information

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41

rods

Retinal receptors that detect black, white, and gray

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42

cones

receptors cells perceive color & bright light

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43

optic nerve

transmits nerve impulses from the retina to the brain

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44

eyebrows

keeps particles from entering eye (eyelashes)

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45

lacrimal glands

secrete liquid to moisten eyes & produce tears

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46

tears

moisture secreted from lacrimal glands

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47

ear

3 divisons

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48

-external, middle, & inner

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49

auricle

funnel-like structure leading from the external ear to the external auditory meatus; also called pinna

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50

eardrum

semitransparent moves in response to sound waves & produces vibrations (tympanic membrane)

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51

auditory ossicles

malleus, incus, stapes; anchors eardrum to tympanic cavity

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52

eustachian tube

connects middle ear to pharynx

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53

osseous labyrinth

1/2 tube makes up semicircular canals; bony canal in temporal bone

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54

membraneous labyrinth

1/2 tubes that make up semicircular canals

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55

semicircular canals

structure in inner ear for equilibrium

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56

cochlea

snail shaped in inner ear, contains organ of corti

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57

decibel

measure of intensity of sound

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58

equlibrium

A state of balance

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59

vestibul

bony chamber between semicircular canal & cochlea

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60

olfactory organs

top of nasal cavity containing olfactory receptors

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61

taste buds

organ that sense taste of food

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62

papilla

tiny projection on superior surface of tongue, contains taste buds

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63

taste cells

receptor cell within taste buds

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64

ophthalmologist

physician who studies and treats diseases of the eye

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65

optometrist

health professional who prescribes corrective lenses and/or eye exercises

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66

tonometry

measurement of pressure in eye

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67

ophthalmoscopy

exam of interior of eye

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68

optician

trained tech makes & fits corrective lens

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69

otologist

ear specialist

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70

audiologist

nonmedical hearing specialist

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71

otorhinolaryngologist

spc. for ears, nose & throat

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72

otoscopy

visual exam of ear

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73

audiometry

measurement of acoustic frequencies

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74

exophthalmos

abnormal protrusion of the eyeball

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75

lacrimation

excessive tearing

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76

nystagmus

excessive eyeball movement

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77

blepharitis

inflammation of the eyelid

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78

conjuctivitis

infectious inflammation of conjuctiva (pinkeye)

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79

blepharoptosis

drooping eyelid, paralysis

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80

chalazion

small, hard, cystic mass (granuloma) on the eyelid

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81

trichiasis

abnormal growth of eyelashes

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82

sty, stye

infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid

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83

irritis

inflammation of the iris

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84

keratitis

inflammation of the cornea

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85

retinitis

inflammation of the retina

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86

scleritis

inflammation of the sclera

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87

deafness

partial or total loss of hearing

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88

otosclerosis

hardening of the bony tissue in the ear

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89

tinnitus

ringing or buzzing in the ears

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90

otalgia

pain in the ear

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91

otorrhagia

bleeding from the ear

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92

otorrhea

purulent drainage from the ear

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93

vertigo

dizziness

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94

otitis media

inflammation of the middle ear

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95

otitis externa

inflammation of the outer ear (swimmers ear)

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96

meniere's disease

elevated fluid pressure within the cochlea

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97

keratoplasy

corneal transplant

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98

blepharoplasty

surgical repair of the eyelid

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99

otoplasty

surgical repair of the ear

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100

tympanoplasty

surgical repair of the eardrum

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