Vocabulary Workshop level f units 1-10

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approbation

(n.) the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval

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Synonyms: sanction

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Antonyms: disapproval, condemnation, exacerbate

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assuage

(v.) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench

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Synonyms: mitigate, slake, allay

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Antonyms: intensify, aggravate, exacerbate

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coalition

(n.) a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose

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Synonyms: alliance, league, federation, combine

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Antonyms: splinter group

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decadence

(n.) decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence

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Synonyms: degeneration, corruption

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Antonyms: rise, growth, maturation

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elicit

(v.) to draw forth, bring out from some source (such as another person)

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Synonyms: evoke, extract, educe

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Antonyms: repress, quash, squelch, stifle

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expostulate

(v.) to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning

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Synonyms: protest, remonstrate, complain

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hackneyed

(adj.) used so often as to lack freshness or originality

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Synonyms: banal, trite, commonplace, corny

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Antonyms: new, fresh, novel, original

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hiatus

(n.) a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing)

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Synonyms: pause, lacuna

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Antonyms: continuity, continuation

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innuendo

(n.) a hint, indirect suggestion or reference (often in a derogatory sense)

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Synonyms: insinuation, intimation

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Antonym: direct statement

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intercede

(v.) to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement

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Synonyms: intervene, mediate

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jaded

(adj.) wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated by excessive indulgence)

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Synonyms: sated, surfeited, cloyed

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Antonyms: unspoiled, uncloyed

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lurid

(adj.) causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint

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Synonyms: gruesome, gory, grisly, baleful, ghastly

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Antonyms: pleasant, attractive, appealing, wholesome

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meritorious

(adj.) worthy, deserving recognition and praise

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Synonyms: praiseworthy, laudable, commendable

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Antonyms: blameworthy, reprehensible

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petulant

(adj.) peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset

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Synonyms: irritable, testy, waspish

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Antonyms: amiable, placid

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prerogative

(n.) a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence

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Synonyms: perquisite, perk

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provincial

(adj.) pertaining to an outlying area; local; narrow in mind or outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward; of a simple, plain design that originated in the countryside; (n.) a person with a narrow point of view; a person from an outlying area; a soldier from a province or colony

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Synonyms: (adj.) narrow-minded, parochial, insular, naive

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Antonyms: (adj.) cosmopolitan, broad-minded

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simulate

(v.) to make pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of

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Synonyms: pretend, affect

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transcend

(v.) to rise above or beyond, exceed

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Synonyms: surpass, outsrip

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umbrage

(n.) shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; an overshadowing influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion

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Synonyms: irritation, pique

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Antonyms: pleasure, delight, satisfaction

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unctuous

(adj.) excessively smooth or smug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable

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Synonyms: mealymouthed, fawning, greasy

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Antonyms: gruff, blunt

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ameliorate

(v.) to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming

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Synonyms: amend, better

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Antonyms: worsen, aggravate, exacerbate

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aplomb

(n.) poise, assurance, great confidence; perpendicularity

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Synonyms: composure, self-possession, levelheadedness

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Antonyms: confusion, embarrassment, abashment

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bombastic

(adj.) pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas

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Synonyms: inflated, highfalutin, pretentious

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Antonyms: unadorned, simple, plain

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callow

(adj.) without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers

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Synonyms: green, raw, unfledged, inexperienced

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Antonyms: mature, grown-up, polished, sophisticated

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drivel

(n.) saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; (v.) to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly

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Synonyms: (n.) balderdash, tommyrot; (v) slaver

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epitome

(n.) a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality

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Synonyms: abstract, digest, archetype

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exhort

(v.) to urge strongly, advise earnestly

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Synonyms: entreat, implore, adjure

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Antonyms: discourage, advise against, deprecate

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