Medical Terminology - Chapter 1 and 2

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133 Terms
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ventral

refers to the front, or belly side, of the organ or body

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dorsal

refers to the back of the organ or body

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anterior

situated in front of or directed toward the front

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posterior

situated behind or at the back

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superior

uppermost, above, or toward the head

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inferior

lowermost, below, or toward the feet

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cephalic

toward the head

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caudal

toward the lower part of the body

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proximal

situated nearest the midline or beginning of a body structure

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distal

situated farthest from the midline or beginning of a body structure

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medial

the direction toward, or nearer, the midline

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lateral

the direction toward, or nearer, the side of the body, away from the midline

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vertical plane

an up-and-down plane that is a right angle to the horizon

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sagittal plane

a vertical plane that divides the body into unequal left and right portions

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midsagittal plane

midline, divides the body into equal left and right halves

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frontal plane

a vertical plane that divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions

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horizontal plane

a flat crosswise plane, such as the horizon

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transverse plane

a horizontal plane that divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions

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anter/o

before, in front

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caud/o

lower part of body, tail

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poster/o

behind, toward the back

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-stasis, -static

control, maintenance of a constant level

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-al

pertaining to

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-algia

pain, suffering

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appendic/o

appendix

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arteri/o

artery

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arthr/o

joint

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ather/o

plaque, fatty substance

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cardi/o

heart

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chondr/o

cartilage

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col/o

colon

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-dynia

pain

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dys-

bad, painful, difficult

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-ectomy

surgical removal

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enter/o

small intestine

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gastr/o

stomach

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-graphy

process of recording

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hem/o

blood

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hyper-

excessive

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hypo-

under, below

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-ic

pertaining to

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-itis

inflammation of

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laryng/o

larynx

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-malacia

abnormal softening

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-megaly

enlargement

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myc/o

fungus

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myel/o

spinal cord, bone marrow

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my/o

muscle

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-necrosis

tissue death

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nephr/o

kidney

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neur/o

nerve

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-ologist

specialist

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-ology

study of

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-osis

abnormal condition

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oste/o

bone

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ot/o

ear

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-otomy

surgical incision

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-pathy

disease

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peri-

surrounding

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-plasty

surgical repair

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poly-

many

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py/o

pus

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rhin/o

nose

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-rrhage

bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge

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-rraphy

to suture or stitch

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-rrhea

flow, discharge

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-rrhexis

rupture

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-sclerosis

abnormal hardening

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-scopy

visual examination

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-stenosis

abnormal narrowing

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sub-

under, below

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supra-

above, upper, excessive

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eu-

good, normal

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dys-

bad, painful, difficult

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inter-

between

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intra-

within

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iso-

equal

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mal-

bad

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mes-

middle

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meta-

after

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pan-, pant(o)

all, entire

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per-

through

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pro-

before

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sub-

under, less than, inferior

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