CIS4150 Final study set

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Bug discovery is a _______ goal of software testing.

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These are all the mutiple choice from the textbook

372 Terms

1

Bug discovery is a _______ goal of software testing.

Short-term

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2

Customer satisfaction and risk management are _______ goals of software testing

Long-term

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3

Reduced maintenance is a _______ goal of software testing.

Post-implementation

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4

Software testing produces ______.

Reliability, Quality, Customer Satisfaction

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5

Testing is the process of ______ errors

Finding

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6

Complete testing is ______

Impossible

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7

The domain of possible inputs to the software is too ______ to test.

Large

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8

The set of invalid inputs is too ______ to test.

Large

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9

Race conditions are among the ______ tested.

Least

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10

Every design error ______ be found.

Cannot

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11

Fault is synonymous with the word __________.

Defect

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12

The inability of a system or component to perform a required function according to its specifi cation is called as __________.

Failure

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13

Testware includes __________.

test planning document, test data, test specifications

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14

Symptom(s) associated with a failure that alerts the user to the occurrence of a failure is called __________.

Incident

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15

Testing process starts as soon as the __________ for the system are prepared

Specifications

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16

Testing strategy should start at the __________ module level and expand towards the whole program.

Smallest

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17

Testing is a ______ process

Planned

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18

Planning the whole testing process into a well-planned series of steps is called _________.

Test strategy

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19

The test strategy matrix is prepared using the __________.

test factor and test phase

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20

The process of evaluating a system or component to determine whether the products of a given development phase satisfy the conditions imposed at the start of that phase is called __________.

Verification

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21

The process of evaluating a system or component during or at the end of the development process to determine whether it satisfies the specified requirements is called __________.

Validation

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22

In the early stages of SDLC, testing comprises more __________ activities and towards the later stages, the emphasis is on the __________ activities.

verification, validation

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23

Technique for assessing the structural characteristics of source code, design specifications, or any notational representation that conforms to well-defined syntactic rules is called __________.

Black-Box Testing

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24

Every design feature and its corresponding code is checked logically with every possible path execution in __________.

White-box testing

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25

Which of the following is true?

Testing starts as soon as the SRS is prepared

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26

V&V diagram includes

Both verification and validation

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27

Which test plan is made corresponding to requirement gathering?

Acceptance test plan

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28

Which test plan is made corresponding to requirement specifications?

System test plan

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29

Which test plan is made corresponding to HLD?

Function & Integration test plan

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30

Which test plan is made corresponding to LLD?

Unit test plan

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31

In the V model of testing, the scope of verification from top to bottom

Decreases

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32

For the verification of requirements, you must check for

Correctness, Ambiguity, Completeness

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33

For the verification of high-level design, you must check

Data design, Architectural design, User interface design

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34

For verifying architectural design, which is true?

  • Check that every functional requirement in the SRS has been take care of in this design.

  • Check whether all exceptions handling conditions have been taken care of.

  • Check the inter-dependence and interface between the modules.

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35

For verifying data design, you must check

  • Sizes of data structure

  • Overflow in a data structure

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36

What is the relation between static and dynamic testing technique?

Independent

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37

What is the proper sequence of various testing?

Unit testing, integration testing, function testing, system testing, acceptance testing

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38

Black-box testing is a _______.

Dynamic testing

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39

It has been observed that test cases, which are designed with boundary input values, have a _______ chance of finding errors.

High

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40

How many test cases are there in BVC if there are 5 variables in a module?

21

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41

How many test cases are there in robustness testing if there are 5 variables in a module?

31

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42

How many test cases are there in worst-case testing if there are 4 variables in a module?

625

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43

Each row of state table corresponds to _______.

State

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44

Each column of state table corresponds to _______.

Input

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45

Intersection of a row and a column specifies _______.

Transition and output

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46

What are the components of a decision table?

Condition stub, Condition entry, Action stub

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47

If there are k rules over n binary conditions, there are at least _______ test cases and at the most _______ test cases.

k, 2^n

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48

Boundary value analysis and equivalence class partitioning methods do not consider _______.

Combinations of input conditions

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49

White-box testing is _______ to black-box testing.

complementary

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50

The effectiveness of path testing rapidly _______ as the size of software under test.

increases

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51

A node with more than one arrow leaving it is called a _______

decision node

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52

A node with more than one arrow entering it is called a _______

junction node

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53

Areas bounded by edges and nodes are called _______

region

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54

The length of a path is measured by the number of _______

links

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55

An independent path is any path through the graph that introduces at least _______ new set of processing statements or new conditions.

1

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56

The number of independent paths is given by _______.

V(G) = e - n + 2

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57

According to Mill's Theorem, _______

V(G) = d + P

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58

In data flow anomalies, dd is a _______

harmless bug

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59

In data fl ow anomalies, du is a _______

normal case

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60

In data fl ow anomalies, ku is a _______

serious bug

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61

In single-character data anomalies, ~d is _______

normal situation

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62

In single-character data anomalies, ~k is _______

potential bug

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63

_______ is the strongest criterion for selecting test cases.

ADPU

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64

In static testing, a bug is found at its _______ location.

Exact

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65

Static testing can be applied for most of the _______ .

Verification activities

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66

Formal peer evaluation of a software element whose objective is to verify that the software element satisfies its specifications and conforms to standards, is called _______ .

Inspections

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67

The programmer or designer responsible for producing the program or document is known as _______ .

Author, Owner, Producer

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68

The person who finds errors, omissions, and inconsistencies in programs and documents during an inspection is known as _______

Inspector

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69

The inspection team points out any potential errors or problems found and records them in _______.

Log Form

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70

'How much evaluation of an item has been done by the team' is called _______ .

None of the above

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71

_______ is a more formal process.

Inspection

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72

The efficiency of code coverage performed by dynamic testing _______ with the increase in size of the system

Decreases

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73

Through the inspection process, the modules can be analysed based on _______.

Error-types and Error-density

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74

The inspection in which the inspectors never have to simultaneously meet is known as _______.

FTArm

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75

Checking phase has been introduced in _______.

Gilb Inspection

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76

Analysis phase between preparation and meeting has been introduced in _______.

Humphrey's Inspection

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77

Collation Phase has been introduced in _______.

N-fold Inspection

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78

_______ process gives the chance to utilize human resources

Phased Inspection

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79

A series of steps or procedures whose purpose is to guide an inspector in acquiring a deep understanding of the inspected software is known as _______.

Reading Techniques

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80

_______ is a reading technique.

Usage-based method and Task-based method

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81

A review is similar to an inspection or walkthrough, except that the review team also includes _______.

Management

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82

_______ is not an inspection variant.

None of the above

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83

Software validation is achieved through a series of _______ tests that demonstrate conformity with requirements.

black-box

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84

Before we validate the entire software, _______ must be validated first.

modules

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85

Unit tests ensure that the software meets at least a _______ of functionality prior to integration and system testing.

baseline level

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86

Two types of interface modules which must be simulated, if required, to test the module are _______.

stubs and drivers

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87

Overhead of stubs and drivers may increase the _______ of the entire software system

time and cost

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88

Integration of modules is according to the _______ of software.

design

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89

Recovery is the ability of a system to _______ operations after the integrity of the application has been lost.

restart

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90

A system that meticulously records transactions and system states periodically so that these are preserved in case of a failure is called a _______.

checkpoint

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91

Security requirements should be associated with each _______ requirement.

functional

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92

Measures intended to allow the receiver to determine that the information which it receives has not been altered in transit is known as _____

integrity

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93

The process of determining that a requester is allowed to receive a service or perform an operation is called _______.

authorization

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94

A measure intended to prevent the later denial that an action happened, or a communication took place is called _______.

non-repudiation

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95

The type of system testing related to a system's presentation rather than its functionality is called _______.

usability testing

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96

A system test should not be performed by _______.

programmers and designers

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97

Acceptance testing must occur at the _______ of the development process.

end

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98

Top-down integration testing requires _______ stubs.

nodes - 1

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99

Bottom-up integration testing requires _______ drivers.

nodes - leaves

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100

Total number of sessions in decomposition-based integration testing is _______.

nodes - leaves + edges

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