Pharmacology Quiz Reviewer

studied byStudied by 0 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Rudolf Buccheim

1 / 101

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

102 Terms

1

Rudolf Buccheim

Pioneer work in Experimental Pharmacology

New cards
2

Oswald Schmiedeberg

A German Pharmacologist who put forward many fundamental concepts in pharmacology. Father of Modern Pharmacology. Father of Pharmacology

New cards
3

Claude Bernard

Father of Modern Experimental Pharmacology

New cards
4

Paul Ehrlich

Father of Chemotherapy

New cards
5

Louise Lasagna

Father of Clinical Pharmacology

New cards
6

Clinical Pharmacology

The study of medications in humans and their effectivity, safety, and economic use in patients.

New cards
7

Pharmacology

The science of the actions of medicines, their nature, preparation, management, administration, and their effects. The study of drugs and their actions on living organisms.

New cards
8

OD

Once a Day

New cards
9

BID

Twice or Two time a day (bis in die)

New cards
10

TID

Three times a day (ter in die)

New cards
11

QID

Four times a day (8-12-4-8)

New cards
12

Q 4 Hours

Every four hours

New cards
13

RTC

Round the clock

New cards
14

PRN

As necessary or as needed

New cards
15

STAT

immediate

New cards
16

Q2H ON THE HOUR

Every 2 hours (2,4,6,8, etc)

New cards
17

AC

Before meals (ante cebum)

New cards
18

ACB

Before breakfast

New cards
19

PC

After meals (post cebum)

New cards
20

HS

At bedtime

New cards
21

gtt

measurement for drop

New cards
22

ugtt/mgtt

measurement for microdrop

New cards
23

L

measurement for liter

New cards
24

p or Pt

measurement for pint

New cards
25

oz

measurement for ounce

New cards
26

tsp

measurement for teaspoon

New cards
27

tbsp

measurement for tablespoon

New cards
28

g

measurement symbol for gram

New cards
29

mg

measurement symbol for milligram

New cards
30

ml

measurement symbol for milliliter

New cards
31

cc

measurement symbol for cubic centimeter

New cards
32

kg

measurement symbol for kilogram

New cards
33

lbs

measurement symbol for pounds

New cards
34

mcg/ucg

measurement symbol for microgram

New cards
35

meq

measurement symbol for milliequivalent

New cards
36

Liquid

The active part of the medicine is combined with a liquid to make it easier to take or better absorbed.

New cards
37

Tablet

The active ingredient is combined with another substance and pressed into a round or oval solid shape.

New cards
38

Capsules

Contains medication inside an outer shell. Contain either powdered or liquid medication, though both versions work the same.

New cards
39

Topical Medicines

Medication that is applied to a particular place on or in the body.

New cards
40

Suppositories

Solid medications that enter the body through the rectum, vagina, or urethra. Once it’s inside, it melts or dissolves and releases its medication.

New cards
41

Drops

Any liquid medication administered using a dropper.

New cards
42

Inhalers

The medicine is a mist or spray that the person breathes in.

New cards
43

Injections

Drugs that can be put into the body using a needle and syringe.

New cards
44

Vial

A small glass or plastic vessel or bottle often used to store medication in the form of liquids, powders, or capsules.

New cards
45

Ampule

is a hermetically sealed vial made of glass or plastic that contains a sterile medicinal solution or a powder that is usually made into a solution for intradermal, subcutaneous, intramuscular, or intravenous injection.

New cards
46

PO

per orem/oral

New cards
47

SL

Sublingual (under the tongue)

New cards
48

BUCCAL

between the cheek and gum

New cards
49

PV

Per vagina

New cards
50

PR

Per rectum or rectal

New cards
51

IV

intravenous (into the vein)

New cards
52

IM

intramuscular (into the muscle)

New cards
53

SC

subcutaneous (underneath the skin/cutaneous)

New cards
54

ID

intradermal (into the skin)

New cards
55

Amphetamine

A drug that increases energy and excitement and makes you less hungry

New cards
56

Anabolic Steroid

A drug that increases muscle tone. used illegaly by some sports people to make themselves stronger.

New cards
57

Anesthetic

A drug or gas is given to someone before a surgical operation/procedure to stop them from feeling the pain.

New cards
58

General Anesthetic

Anesthetics that affect the whole body by makin a person unconscious.

New cards
59

Local Anesthetics

Anesthetics that make someone feel no feeling in only a part of the body.

New cards
60

antibiotic

A drug that cures illnesses and infectious caused by bacteria. Doctors often give clients a course of this when they have to take a fixed amount of medicine each day for several days.

New cards
61

Anticoagulant

A substance that prevents blood from coagulating.

New cards
62

Antipyretic

Reducing fever (pyrexia/pyresis)

New cards
63

Antidepressant

A drug used for treating someone who is depressed (so unhappy that they are considered sick)

New cards
64

Antidote

A substance that prevent a poison from having bad effects on the body

New cards
65

Antiseptic

Prevention of germ growth near burns, cuts, and wounds.

New cards
66

Anti-Histamine

A drug used to treat an allergy

New cards
67

Anti-inflammatory

A drug taken to reduce inflammation (swelling, heat, and pain)

New cards
68

Antiretroviral

drugs used to treat certain types of viruses, especially HIV.

New cards
69

Barbiturate

A strong drug that doctors give to people to make them calm or help them sleep.

New cards
70

Beta-blocker

A drug that makes you heart work more slowly, used for treating blood pressure.

New cards
71

Booster

A small extra amount of a medical drug that is given so that a drug that had been taken before will continue to be effective.

New cards
72

Caplet

A pill shaped like an oval

New cards
73

Capsule

A small container filled with medicine that we swallow as a whole.

New cards
74

Contraceptive

A drug, method, or object used to prevent a woman from becoming pregnant.

New cards
75

Cough drop

a type of candy containing medicine that we suck when we have a cough or a sore throat

New cards
76

Cough syrup

A liquid medicine that we take to help cure a cough

New cards
77

Decongestant

A drug that helps us breathe more easily when we have a cold.

New cards
78

Depressant

A drug or substance that makes us feel relaxed and makes our body work and react more slowly.

New cards
79

Elixir

Clear fluid containing water and/or alcohol; desired for oral use, usually sweetener is added.

New cards
80

Emetic

A substance that makes us vomit

New cards
81

Expectorant

A medicine that we used to help us cough out phlegm

New cards
82

Hypnotics

Drugs that make you go to sleep

New cards
83

Laxative

A medicine, food, or drink that softens our stool to facilitate evacuation.

New cards
84

Lotion

Drug in liquid suspension applied externally to protect the skin.

New cards
85

Lozenges

Medicine is shaped like a candy that we suck if we have a cough or sore throat

New cards
86

Multivitamin

A pill that some people take to make themselves healthier, containing various vitamins and minerals.

New cards
87

Narcotics

These are drugs that people use when they are very sick in order to feel less pain and sleep better.

New cards
88

Ointment

Semi-solid, externally applied usually containing one or two more drugs.

New cards
89

Prophylactic

A medicine or treatment used for preventing disease or infection

New cards
90

Sedative

A drug that makes someone calmer or makes them sleep.

New cards
91

Serum

A liquid that is put into someone’s blood to help them fight an infection or a poison.

New cards
92

Solution

Liquid preparation that may be used orally, parenterally, or externally; it can also be instilled into a body organ or cavity with one or more dissolved compounds; it must be sterile, especiall if for parenteral use.

New cards
93

Suppository

Solid dosage form mixed with gelatine and shaped in the form of pellets for insertion into a body cavity (rectum, vagina); melts when it reaches body temperature, thereby releasing the drug for absorption.

New cards
94

Suspension

Finely divided drug particles dispensed in a liquid medium; when left standing, particles settled to the bottom of the container for oral medication only.

New cards
95

Syrup

Medicines dissolved in concentrated sugar, may contain flavoring to make the drug more palatable.

New cards
96

Steroid

a chemical produced in the body or made as a drug. Can act as hormones or be used for treating conditions such as swelling or, illegaly, by athletes to improve their performance.

New cards
97

Tablet

Solid form containing one or more drugs formed into different shapes. Are not 100% drug-based.

New cards
98

Tincture

A medicine made by mixing a small amount of a drug with alcohol.

New cards
99

Tranquilizer

A drug that calms people when they are very worried or nervous.

New cards
100

Troch

(Lozenge) flat round dosage form containing drug flavoring, sugar, and mucilage dissolves in the mouth to release the drug.

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 19 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 34 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 28 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 69 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6582 people
Updated ... ago
4.7 Stars(30)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard440 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard54 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard45 terms
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard54 terms
studied byStudied by 48 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard44 terms
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard34 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard146 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard75 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)