EMT Quiz 1 & 2

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Which of the following refers to a program or process for evaluating and improving the effectiveness of an EMS system?

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1

Which of the following refers to a program or process for evaluating and improving the effectiveness of an EMS system?

Quality improvement

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2

Which of the following is the most common gateway for hospital services for patients who need emergency medical assistance?

Emergency department

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3

Which of the following best describes a communication system capable of identifying the number and location of the phone from which a caller is calling?

Enhanced 911

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4

What is the minimum level of certification required of ambulance personnel responsible for \n direct patient care?

Emergency Medical Technician

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5

The term lateral is best defined as:

to the side

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6

Which of the following is the primary responsibility of the EMT?

Maintain personal health and safety.

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7

What best defines the evaluation of the patient's condition in order to provide emergency care?

Patient assessment

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8

Which word has a prefix that means rapid?

Tachypnea

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9

When discussing left and right in terms of anatomic locations, what do they refer to?

Left and right from the patient's perspective.

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10

What is the primary reason for an EMT to use specific and proper medical terminology?

Medical communication needs to be exact and consistent.

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11

What are the minimum Standard Precautions an EMT should take when transporting a patient \n infected with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)?

Gloves, N-95 mask, goggles, and gown

\n

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12

What is a common term used to describe the items needed for Standard Precautions or body substance isolation precautions?

Personal protective equipment

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13

With regard to medical terminology, a prefix is:

added to the beginnings of roots or words to modify or qualify their meaning.

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14

Which one of these groups is at greatest risk of contracting and transmitting tuberculosis?

Immunosuppressed patients

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15

Which of the following is true regarding proper hand cleaning?

If the EMT's hands are visibly dirty, an alcohol-based hand cleaner is not sufficient.

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16

What is the primary reason for an EMT to change gloves between contacts with different \n patients?

To prevent spreading infection to the next patient

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17

All of the following are ways that an EMT can increase both physical and mental well-being, except:

drinking caffeine instead of alcohol.

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18

When the heart contracts and forces blood into the arteries, the pressure created is known as the:

systolic blood pressure.

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19

A patient with a pulse rate of 120 beats per minute is considered which of the following?

Tachycardic

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20

The method of taking blood pressure by using a stethoscope to listen to the characteristic sounds produced is called:

auscultation

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21

The first set of vital sign measurements obtained are often referred to as which of the following?

Baseline vital signs

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22

An oxygen saturation of 97 percent is considered which of the following?

Normal

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23

Which of the following are vital signs that need to be recorded for virtually every EMS patient?

Pulse; respiration; skin color, temperature, and condition; pupils; and blood pressure

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24

Which of the following describes the EMT's MOST important role in the ideal provision of \n emergency cardiac care?

Immediate high-quality CPR and rapid defibrillation

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25

All of the following are elements of adult high-performance CPR, EXCEPT:

compressing the patient's chest to no more than 1 inch in depth before allowing full relaxation.

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26

Which of the following should NOT be done during defibrillation?

Continued ventilation during the analysis phase to prevent hypoxia

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27

Which of the following is NOT a reason that an AED may indicate that there is "no shock advised"?

The patient is in ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia.

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28

Which of the following people is allowed to continue providing patient care when the patient is to be "cleared" for delivery of a shock via the defibrillator?

None of the above

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29

Which of the following BEST describes an appropriate shock sequence for the patient in ventricular tachycardia?

Shock, 2 minutes of CPR, reanalyze, shock again if indicated

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30

Physiology the study of

Body function

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31

Which of the following is the primary function of the stomach?

Chemical breakdown of food by acidic secretions

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32

What structure closes over the trachea to protect it during swallowing?

Epiglottis

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33

What are the small bones that make up the wrist called

Carpals

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34

What is another name for the shoulder blade

Scapula

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35

The bone most commonly fractured with a broken hip is

Femur

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36

What are the two most easily injured portions of the spine

Cervical and lumbar

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37

The lower jaw bone is also known as the

Mandible

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38

Which of the following terms describes the heart muscle’s ability to generate its own electrical impulses

Automaticity

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39

Which of the following is the only movable bone of the face?

Mandible

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40

A patient was rear ended and her primary complaint is back pain from her head whipping back and forth. This type of mechanism of injury relates to which part of the spinal column?

Cervical spine

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41

What is the long bone of the upper portion of the arm?

Humerus

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42

What is the bone on the thumb side of the forearm

Radius

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43

What is the inferior most portion of the sternum

Xiphoid process

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44

In which of the following locations is the femoral pulse palpated.

In the crease between the abdomen and the groin.

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45

What condition of immediate concern results from a loss of red blood cells due to hemorrhage?

Decreased oxygen delivery to the tissues

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46

Which of the following is not a function of the skin?

Removal of old blood vessels

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47

Which of the following structures allows food to move from the mouth to the stomach

Esophagus

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48

Patient is in anaphylactic shock with a pulse rate of 158 and a respiratory rate of 36. A fight or flight response may have been activated in this patient including which nervous system and which hormone?

Sympathetic nervous system and epinephrine.

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49

What component of blood was partially responsible for forming clotting factors to stop the bleeding.

Platelets

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50

The pulse palpated on the top of the foot is called the ______ pulse.

Dorsalis pedis

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51

Which blood vessel allows the exchange of substances directly between the blood and the cells of the body?

Capillaries

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52

What type of muscles control the size of the bronchioles in the lungs?

Smooth

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53

A 47 year old male patient with classical chest pain suggestive of a myocardial infarction. Based on you understanding of the cardiovascular system, you know that he could be suffering from damage, narrowing, or blockage of what arteries?

Coronary arteries

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54

Which organ functions as a reservoir for blood that can be used in case of blood loss?

Spleen

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55

An artery is a blood vessel that only

carries blood away from the heart

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56

The cardiac muscle receives its supply of oxygenated blood by which of the following mechanisms?

Coronary arteries that branch off the aorta.

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57

In 1966, the national highway safety act charged which of the following agencies with the development of emergency medical service standards?

U.S. Department of Transportation

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