Chapter 11

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Braxton Hicks contractions

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112 Terms

1

Braxton Hicks contractions

intermittent painless uterine contractions that occur with increasing frequency as the pregnancy progresses

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2

andr/o

male

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3

balan/o

glans penis

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4

crypt/o

hidden

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5

epididym/o

epididymis

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6

orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o, testicul/o

testis

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7

phall/i

penis

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8

prostat/o

prostate

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9

semin/o, sperm/o, spermat/o

sperm

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10

vas/o

vessel

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11

amni/o

amnion

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12

cervic/o

cervix

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13

colp/o, vagin/o

vagina

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14

embry/o

embryo

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15

episi/o, vulv/o

vulva

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16

fet/o

fetus

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17

galact/o, lact/o

milk

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18

gonad/o

gonads

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19

gynec/o

woman, female

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20

hyster/o, uter/o

uterus

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21

lapar/o

abdomen

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22

mamm/o, mast/o

breast

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23

men/o,

menses

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24

nat/o

birth

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25

oophor/o, ovari/o

ovary

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26

ov/o

ovum

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27

perine/o

perineum

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28

placent/o

placenta

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29

salping/o

fallopian tube

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30

son/o

sound

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31

vagin/a

vagina

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32

female

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33

abortion

AB

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34

breast self-examination

BSE

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35

cesarean section

C-section

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36

dilation and curettage

D&C

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37

estimated date of confinement

EDC

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38

estrogen replacement therapy

ERT

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39

fetal heart rate

FHR

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40

gynecology

GYN

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41

intrauterine device

IUD

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42

in vitro fertilization

IVF

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43

labor and delivery

L&D

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44

last menstrual period

LMP

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45

obstetrics and gynecology

OB-GYN

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46

oral contraceptive

OC

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47

papanicolaou smear

Pap

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48

pelvic inflammatory disease

PID

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49

premenstrual syndrome

PMS

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50

total abdominal hysterectomy

TAH

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51

total abdominal hysterectomy-bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

TAH-BSO

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52

toxic shock syndrome

TSS

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53

male

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54

benign prostatic hypertrophy

BPH

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55

circumcision

CIRC, circum

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56

digital rectal examination

DRE

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57

erectile dysfunction

ED

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58

prostate-specific antigen

PSA

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59

testicular self-examination

TSE

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60

transurethral resection of the prostate

TURP

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61

gonorrhea

GC

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62

genitourinary

GU

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63

human papilloma virus

HPV

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64

sexually transmitted disease

STD

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65

Trichomoniasis

Trich

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66

venereal disease

VD

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67

amenorrhea

absence of menstruation

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68

Bartholin's gland cyst

blockage of one or both of the Bartholin's glands, causing inflammation and tenderness

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69

candidiasis

vaginal fungal infection caused by Candida albicans, with key symptoms including itching, burning, and a thick, curdy discharge; also known as a vaginal yeast infection

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70

dysmenorrhea

pain in the lower abdominopelvic area and other discomfort associated with menses

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71

ectopic pregnancy

implantation of the fertilized egg outside the uterus

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72

endometriosis

growth of endometrial tissue in abnormal sites in the lower abdominopelvic area

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73

fibrocystic breast disease

presence of multiple lumps in the breast, consisting of fibrous tumors or fluid-filled cysts

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74

Infertility

the inability to conceive a child

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75

ovarian cyst

a fluid filled sac in an ovary

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76

pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

any acute or chronic infection of the female reproductive system, including the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries

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77

premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

a group of symptoms experienced by some women within the 2-week period before menstruation

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78

toxic shock syndrome (TSS)

rare disorder caused by bacterial exotoxins; most commonly occurs in young women who use tampons

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79

uterine fibroids

benign, smooth tumors made of muscle and fat; also called leiomyomas

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80

uterine prolapse

downward protrusion of the uterus into the vaginal opening

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81

abortion (AB)

spontaneous or therapeutic loss of a pregnancy at less than 20 weeks; also called miscarriage

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82

abruptio placentae

premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall

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83

eclampsia

complication of pregnancy characterized by severe hypertension, seizures, and possible coma

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84

gestational diabetes

development of type 2 diabetes mellitus in a pregnant woman who did not have diabetes before becoming pregnant

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85

placenta previa

implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus

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86

balanoposthitis

inflammation of the glans penis and foreskin covering the glans penis; also called balanitis

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87

benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)

noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland

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88

cryptorchidism

undescended testes

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89

epididymitis

inflammation of the epididymis

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90

erectile dysfunction (ED)

repeated inability to initiate or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse

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91

impotence

inability to achieve an erection

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92

orchitis

inflammation of one or both testicles

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93

prostatitis

inflammation of the prostate gland

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94

testicular torsion

condition in which the testicles become twisted and the spermatic cord, blood vessels, nerves, and vas deferens become strangled

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95

varicocele

enlarged veins of the spermatic cord

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96

Chlamydia

most common STD

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97

gonorrhea (GC)

STI caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae that results in inflammation of mucous membranes

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98

herpes genitalis

STI caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 that results in painful vesicles; commonly called genital herpes

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99

human papillomavirus

STI caused by human papillomavirus that results in painless, cauliflower-like warts; a cause of cervical cancer in women

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100

sterility

the inability to reproduce

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