Nervous System Terms and Abbreviations

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146 Terms

1

poly-

many, much

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2

a-

absence of, without, no, not

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3

an-

absence of, without, no, not

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4

pan-

all, total

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5

post-

after

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6

para-

beside, beyond, around, abnormal

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7

pre-

before

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8

sub-

below, under

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9

dys-

painful, abnormal, difficult, labored

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10

intra-

within

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11

hemi-

half

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12

hyper-

above, excessive

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13

inter-

between

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14

agles/o

sensitivity to pain

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15

cephal/o

head

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16

cerebell/o

cerebellum

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17

cerebr/o

cerebrum

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18

dur/o

dura mater, hard

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19

encephal/o

brain

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20

esthesi/o

sensation, sensitivity

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21

gangli/o

ganglion

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22

ganglion/o

ganglion

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23

gli/o

glia, gluey substance

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24

mening/o

meninges

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25

meningi/o

meninges

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26

ment/o

mind

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27

mon/o

one, single

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28

myel/o

spinal cord

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29

neur/o

nerve

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30

phas/o

speech

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31

poli/o

gray matter

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32

pont/o

pons - structure in the brain

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33

psych/o

mind

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34

quadr/i

four

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35

radic/o

nerve root

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36

radicul/o

nerve root

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37

rhiz/o

nerve root

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38

thalam/o

thalamus

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39

thec/o

sheath

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40

vag/o

vagus nerve

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41

-al

pertaining to

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42

-algia

pain

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43

-algesia

sensitivity to pain

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44

-cele

hernia, protrusion

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45

-cyte

cell

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46

-ectomy

excision, surgical removal, cutting out

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47

-genic

producing, originating, causing

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48

-gram

the record, radiographic image

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49

-graph

instrument used to record

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50

-graphy

process of recording, radiographic imaging

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51

-ia

condition of, diseased state or abnormal state

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52

-ic

pertaining to

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53

-iatrist

specialist, physician

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54

-iatry

specialty, treatment

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55

-ictal

seizure, attack

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56

-itis

inflammation

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57

-lepsy

seizure

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58

-logist

specialist, physician

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59

-logy

study of

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60

-lysis

loosening, dissolution, separating

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61

-malacia

softening

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62

-oid

resembling

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63

-oma

tumor

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64

-osis

abnormal condition

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65

-paresis

slight paralysis

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66

-pathy

disease

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67

-phasia

speech

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68

-plasty

surgical repair

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69

-plegia

paralysis

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70

-praxia

to perform, action

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71

-sclerosis

hardening

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72

-rrhaphy

suturing, repairing

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73

-tomy

incision, cut into

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74

Anaesthesia (an/esthesi/a)

Without (loss of) feeling or sensation

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75

Aphasia (a/phas/ia)

condition of without speaking

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76

Cephalgia

Pain in the head (headache)

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77

Cerebellitis (cerebell/itis)

Inflammation of the cerebellum

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78

Cerebral (cerebr/al)

Pertaining to the brain

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79

Cerebral angiography (cerebr/al angi/o/graphy)

Process of recording (blood) vessel pertaining to the cerebrum

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80

Cerebral thrombosis (cerebr/al thromb/osis)

Abnormal condition of blood clot pertaining to the cerebrum (blood clot in a blood vessel in the brain)

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81

Craniocerebral (crani/o/cerebr/al)

Pertaining to the cranium and cerebrum

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82

CT myelography (CT myel/o/graphy)

process of recording the spinal cord with computed tomography

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83

Duritis (dur/itis)

Inflammation of the dura mater

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84

Dysphasia (dys/phas/ia)

Condition of difficulty speaking

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85

Electroencephalograph (electr/o/encephal/o/graph)

Instrument used to record electrical activity of the brain

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86

Electroencephalography (electr/o/encephal/o/graphy)

Process of recording the electrical activity of the brain

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87

Electroencephalogram (electr/o/encephal/o/gram)

The record of electrical activity of the brain

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88

Encephalitis (encephal/itis)

Inflammation of the bone

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89

Encephalomalacia (encephal/o/malacia)

Softening of the brain

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90

encephalomyelitis

Inflammation of Brain, spinal cord, and nerve roots

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91

Encephalosclerosis (encephal/o/sclerosis)

Hardening of the brain

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92

Ganglitis (gangli/itis)

Inflammation of the ganglion

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93

Ganglionectomy (ganglion/ectomy)

Excision of a ganglion

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94

Gliobastoma (Gil/o/blast/oma)

Tumor composed of developing glial tissue

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95

Gliocyte (Gil/o/cyte)

Glial cell

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96

Glioma (gil/oma)

Tumor composed of the glial tissue

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97

Hemiparesis (hemi/paresis)

Slight paralysis of half (right or left) side of the body

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98

Hemiplegia (hemi/plegia)

Paralysis of half (right or left) side of the body

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99

Hyperesthesia (hyper/esthesi/a

Excessive sensitivity to stimuli

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100

Interictal (inter/ictal)

Occurs between seizures or attacks

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