Health Final

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What was the 3 parts of the health triangle?

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Health

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241 Terms

1

What was the 3 parts of the health triangle?

physical, mental/emotional, social

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2

physical health

having a body that functions well and has energy to do involuntary (movement, sports, hobbies, etc.) and involuntary tasks (breathing, heart beating(

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3

mental/emotional health

processing your feelings and thoughts. It’s a reflection of how you feel about yourself, how you meet the demands of your daily life, and how you cope with problems that occur in your life

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4

social

getting along with others; having a social network that includes family, friends, teachers and other members of your community; maintaining healthy relationships

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5

What do the 3 parts of the health triangle do to each other?

they interface meaning they all effect each other

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6

what are the top health issues in adults in the US?

heart disease, cancers and strokes

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7

What is a sliding scale from illness to wellness called?

The Health Continuum

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8

What are the health determinants?

decisions, age, sex, genetics, environment, health care

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9

What is the health determinant that we have the most control over?

decisions

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10

How often should aerobic/cardio be done a week?

minimum 3 times a week

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11

How often should anaerobic/weight resistance be done a week?

minimum 2 times a week

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12

What is a list of health habits that work?

good sleep, good hygiene, eat regularly (breakfast is good), physical activity, no illegal or abuse use in drugs, using alcohol in moderation when of age, maintaining healthy weight, wear seat belts, keep stress under control, practice abstinence or use protection if sexually active

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13

Which component of the health triangle involves getting along with each other?

social health

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14

Why is it important to have values?

it helps define who you are without words and helps you grow and develop

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15

How much you value, respect, and feel confident about yourself is known as your _______?

self-esteem

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16

CPR stands for

Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation

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17

Why might somebody go into cardiac arrest?

a heart attack (generally caused by a blockage in their arteries)

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18

Doing Hands Only CPR helps maintain _______ and ________ to the brain

blood flow and oxygen

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19

What are the 3 steps of hands only CPR?

  1. check the scene and call for - Setauket Fire Department or 911

  2. begin chest compressions

  3. continue

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20

Chest compressions should be at a depth of about _____ inches at a rate of ____ beats per minute

2 inches, 100 beats

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21

What should be the depth that CPR should be done at?

2 inches

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22

What should be the rate that CPR should be done at?

100 beats

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23

The law protecting those who helps in an emergency from liability is ________________________

Good Samaritian Laws

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24

What would be a reason why CPR should stop?

the scene becomes unsafe, help arrives, the person is responsive or you physically can’t continue

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25

During a life threatening situation where somebody has significant injury, bleeding could be stopped by ____________

packing the wound, applying pressure or applying a tourniquiet

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26

Where should tourniquets be placed?

above the wound

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27

Where should tourniquets never be placed?

on a joint

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28

What materials could makeshift tourniquets be made of?

cloth, computer wires, sticks, rulers, belts, lanyard etc.

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29

AED stands for ___________

Automated External Defibrillator

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30

There are _____ AED devices at WMHS

8

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31

Where are some places that AED devices could be found in WMHS?

outside wrestling room, hallway of fitness center, history wing, outside the nurses office, science wing (lower level), science wing (upper level), foreign language wing

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32

When preforming hands only CPR, where should your hands be placed?

in the middle of the persons chest

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33

What is the purpose of an AED device?

it delivers shock to the heart to restart the natural rhythm to the heart

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34

tumor

a mass of cells that grow out of control

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35

malignant tumor

a cancerous tumor

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36

benign

a non cancerous tumor

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37

When cancer spreads it is referred to as a ________

metasis

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38

What are some theories about the causes of cancer?

pollution, radiation, smoking, viruses, the sun, sedentary lifestyle, genetics

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39

biopsy

when a doctor takes a sampling of cells to check for cancer

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40

chemotherapy

cancer treatment that uses drugs to kill cancer

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41

surgery

cancer treatment that involves taking out the tumor

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42

radiation

cancer treatment that involves zapping and shrinking the tumor

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43

mammography

an x-ray of breast tissues to check for cancer

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44

PAP test

a test done for cervical cancer

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45

How often should a PAP test be done by someones gynecologist?

once a year

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46

Should a PAP test be done more frequently if abnormal cells are detected?

Yes, they should be done more frequently

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47

What is the percentage of skin damage before the age of 25?

80%

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48

the ABCDE of skin cancer stands for:

Asymmetry, Border, Color, Diameter, Evolving

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49

What is the number 1 cancer in men ages 15-35?

testicular

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50

Between what ages is testicular cancer most common?

15-35 years old

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51

What is the most common cancer that women face?

breast cancer

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52

Can men develop breast cancer?

Yes, they can

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53

TSE test

Testicular Self Exam, checking for testicular cancer

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54

How often should a TSE be done?

once a month

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55

BSE test

Breast Self Exam, checking for breast cancer

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56

How often should a BSE be done?

once a month after menstruation

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57

What is the percentage of breast lumps that are benign?

80%

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58

cancer

disease in which abnormal cells grow out of control, main leading cause of adult death in the US

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59

What are the 6 nutrients?

proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and water

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60

protein job:

build and repair tissue

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61

carbohydrates job:

provides energy

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62

fats job:

insulates, proteins and carries vitamins

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63

vitamins job:

regulate body processes

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64

minerals job:

regulate body processes

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65

water job:

enables chemical reactions

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66

Which 3 nutrients provide energy to the body?

fats, carbohydrates, proteins

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67

How many calories are per gram in fats?

9 calories per gram

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68

How many calories are per gram in carbohydrates?

4 calories per gram

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69

How many calories are per gram in proteins?

4 calories per gram

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70

What percentage of your diet should come from carbohydrates each day?

45%-65%

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71

What percentage of your diet should come from fats each day?

25%-35%

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72

What percentage of your diet should come from proteins each day?

10%-30%

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73

What are proteins made of?

amino acids

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74

How many amino acids can your body not make?

9 amino acids

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75

How many non-essential amino acids are there?

11 amino acids

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76

What are the healthiest kind of carbohydrates?

complex carbohydrates

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77

Where can complex carbohydrates be found?

whole grain and beans

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78

What are some examples of simple carbohydrates?

fruit juice, sugar, candy

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79

cholesterol is only found in _______

animal products

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80

what is the good cholesterol known as?

High Density Lipoprotein (HDL)

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81

what is the bad cholesterol known as?

Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL)

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82

a healthy cholesterol reading known as ___________________

200 or below

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83

what can lower cholesterol?

fiber

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84

What are the healthiest type of fats?

monosaturated, polyunsaturated

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85

fiber

the tough stringy parts of fruits, vegetables and whole grains that is not digested by the body and help protect against colon cancer and heart disease

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86

What does fiber help?

colon cancer and heart disease

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87

fat soluble vitamins

A, D, E and K

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88

water soluble vitamins

B and C

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89

calories

units of heat that measure the energy of food

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90

How many calories are in a pound?

3500

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91

If you eat 500 more calories each day than you need for one week what would be the result?

you’d gain pound

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92

Food labels regulated by the FDA list ingredients by weight in descending order from __ to _____

most to least

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93

what is the equation for calories from fat?

# of grams of energy nutrient X #of calories per gram of energy provided from that nutrient

/ divided by total # of calories

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94

MyPlate

the model used to promote healthy eating

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95

According to MyPlate, half of your plate should be from:

grains and vegetables

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96

According to MyPlate, we should make half our grains:

whole grains

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97

What are the 5 components of fitness?

cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, muscular strength, flexibility

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98

Aerobic activity be ___, and

brisk, regular and continuous

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99

What are examples of aerobic activities?

swimming, jogging, riding a stationary bike

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100

What are examples of anaerobic activity?

weight lifting, circuit training, Pilates, yoga, and other forms of strength training.

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