Basic Principles in Pharmacology

studied byStudied by 1 person
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Pharmacology

1 / 195

Tags and Description

196 Terms

1

Pharmacology

Study of substances that interact with living systems through chemical processes, especially by binding to regulatory molecules and activating or inhibiting normal body processes.

New cards
2

Drug

udes any substance that alters physiologic function in an organism, regardless of whether the effect is beneficial or harmful.

New cards
3

Toxicology

Study of the harmful effects of chemicals, Branch of pharmacology which deal with the undesirable effects of chemicals from individual cells to complex ecosystems.

New cards
4

Medical Pharmacology

Science of substances used to prevent, diagnose, and treat disease.

New cards
5

Pharmacotherapeutics

Area of pharmacology that refers to the use of specific drugs to prevent, treat, or diagnose disease.

New cards
6

Pharmacokinetics

Study of how body deals with the drugs in terms of way the drug is absorbed, distributed and eliminated.

New cards
7

Pharmacodynamics

Analysis of what the drugs does to the body, including mechanism of action by which drug exerts its effect.

New cards
8

Pharmacy

Deals with preparation and dispensing of medications.

New cards
9

Chemical name of Drug

Refers to the specific structure of the compound and are normally fairly long and cumbersome.

New cards
10

Generic name (Official/ Non-proprietary)

Often derived from chemical name, and used by physicians in prescribing.

New cards
11

Trade name (Proprietary/ Brand)

Assigned to the compound by the pharmaceutical company and may or may not bear any reference at all to the chemical and generic terminology.

New cards
12

Phase I

Drug development approval phase which small number (<100) of healthy volunteers, <1 year, determine effects, safe dosage, and pharcokinetics

New cards
13

Preclinical testing

Drug development approval phase which subjects are laboratory animals, takes 1-2 yrs, and determine drug effects and safety.

New cards
14

Phase II

Drug development phase that asses drug's effectiveness in treating a specific disease/ disorder, 200-300 subjects with disorder, takes up to 2 yrs.

New cards
15

Phase III

Drug development phase that asses safety and effectiveness in larger patient population (1000-3000), and takes upto 3 years.

New cards
16

Phase IV

Drug development and approval phase in which monitors any problems that occur after NDA approval.

New cards
17

Orphan drugs

Drugs that treat rare diseases (<200,000)

New cards
18

Off-label prescribing

Use of drug to treat conditions other than those that drug was originally approved to treat.

New cards
19

OTC (Over the counter) Medications

Used to treat relatively minor problems and to make the consumer more comfortable until the condition is resolved.

New cards
20

Prescription Medications

May be ordered or dispensed only by an authorized practitioner.

New cards
21

Rx

recipe or recipere

New cards
22

a

before

New cards
23

ac

before meals

New cards
24

Agit

Shake, stir

New cards
25

Aq

Water

New cards
26

Aq dest

Distilled water

New cards
27

bid

Twice a day

New cards
28

c

with

New cards
29

gr

grain

New cards
30

cap

capsule

New cards
31

D5W

dextrose 5% in water

New cards
32

dil

dilute, dissolve

New cards
33

disp, dis

dispense

New cards
34

elix

elixir

New cards
35

ext

extract

New cards
36

g

gram

New cards
37

IVPB

IV piggyback

New cards
38

gtt

Drops

New cards
39

h

Hour

New cards
40

hs

at bedtime

New cards
41

IA

Intra-arterial

New cards
42

IM

Intramuscular

New cards
43

IV

Intravenous

New cards
44

OD

Right eye

New cards
45

OS, OL

Left eye

New cards
46

OTC

Over the counter

New cards
47

OU

Both eyes

New cards
48

P

after

New cards
49

pc

After meals

New cards
50

PO

By mouth

New cards
51

qhs

every night at bedtime

New cards
52

Rept, repet

May be repeated

New cards
53

Rx

Take

New cards
54

kg

kilogram

New cards
55

mEq, meq

Milliequivalent

New cards
56

Mg

Milligram

New cards
57

Mcq

Microgram

New cards
58

no

Number

New cards
59

Non rep

Do not repeat

New cards
60

PR

Per rectum

New cards
61

prn

As needed

New cards
62

q

Every

New cards
63

qam, om

Every morning

New cards
64

qd

everyday

New cards
65

q2h

Every 2 hours

New cards
66

sos

If needed

New cards
67

ss

one-half

New cards
68

stat

At once, immediately

New cards
69

S

without

New cards
70

SC, SQ

Subcutaneous

New cards
71

Sid

Once a day

New cards
72

Sig, S

Label

New cards
73

tid

three times a day

New cards
74

tr, tinct

Tincture

New cards
75

tsp

teaspoon (Use 5 ml)

New cards
76

U

units (write units)

New cards
77

vaq

Vaginal

New cards
78

i,ii,iii,iv

one, two, three, four

New cards
79

sup, supp

suppository

New cards
80

susp

suspesion

New cards
81

tab

Tablet

New cards
82

tbsp.

tablespoon (use 15 ml)

New cards
83

Schedule I

Drug category of drugs regarded as having the highest potential for abuse and the legal use of agents in this category is restricted to approved research studies or therapeutic use in a very limited number of patients.

New cards
84

New cards
85

Ex. Heroin, lysergic acid

New cards
86

diethylamide (LSD),

New cards
87

tetrahydrocannabinols

New cards
88

Schedule II

These drugs are approved for specific therapeutic purposes but still have a high potential for abuse and possible addiction.

New cards
89

New cards
90

Ex. Opiods such as morphine and meperidine, phenoorbital, drugs containing amphetamine

New cards
91

Schedule III

These drugs have a lower abuse potential than those in schedule I and II but there is still the possibility of developing mild to moderate physical dependence or strong psychologic dependence or both.

New cards
92

New cards
93

Ex. Opiods such as codeine and hydocodone

New cards
94

Schedule IV

These drugs supposedly have a lower potential for abuse than schedule III drugs, with only a limited possibility of physical dependance, psychologic dependence, or both.

New cards
95

New cards
96

Ex. bezodiazepines like diazepam, chlordizepoxide, Opiod like pentazocine and

New cards
97

propoxyphene barbiturates not included in other schedules and a variety of other depressants and stimulants

New cards
98

Schedule V

These drugs have the lowest relative drug abuse potential.

New cards
99

New cards
100

Ex. Opioids in cough medications antidiarrheal preparation

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 22 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 22 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 35 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 28886 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(282)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard125 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard90 terms
studied byStudied by 43 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard85 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard50 terms
studied byStudied by 38 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard31 terms
studied byStudied by 19 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard48 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard120 terms
studied byStudied by 65 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)