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This was the type of industrial process pursued by the Russians in the 19th century.

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US History

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109 Terms

1

This was the type of industrial process pursued by the Russians in the 19th century.

state sponsered

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2

This Tsar freed the serfs in 1891.

Alexander II

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3

Provide two reasons why industrialization in Russia failed.

low money supply, unwilling population

overtaxed

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4

Provide two reasons why industrialization in Japan succeeded.

willing population

moderate money supply

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5

Provide one new region added to the Russian Empire during the Modern Era.

Central or East Asia

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6

What religion were these people predominantly?

Muslim

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7

Provide three European countries the U.S. purchased or divided territory from.

Britain

France

Spain

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8

What was the name of the conflict in which the U.S. acquired the American Southwest?

Mexican-American war

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9

What was the name of the series of conflicts with American Indians in the mid-late 19th century on the frontiers?

Indian Wars

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10

Provide the name of the massacre in which the U.S. Army killed and injured many unarmed natives.

wounded knee

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11

Provide the name of the conflict in which the U.S. was able to acquire many territories from Spain in 1898.

Spanish-American War

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12

This is the 19th-century term used to describe the sensationalization of news in order to sell magazines/papers.

yellow journalism

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13

Provide the name of the alteration added to the Cuban constitution that allowed the U.S. to intervene militaristically to protect its economic interests.

Platt Amendment

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14

This is the term used to describe the US and Europe exploiting other countries by force in the late 19th and early 20th century

imperialism

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15

What were the two economic goals for this new wave of conquest?

low taxes

cheap labor

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16

Provide the three advantages that Western powers had in the 19th and 20th century that allowed them to exploit the formerly-powerful civilizations of Africa and Asia.

more money

more weapons

steam boat

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17

Provide five countries that took part in dividing Africa amongst themselves.

Spain

Portugal

Great Britain

France

Belgium

Germany

Netherlands

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18

Who was the king of Belgium that treated African colonists brutally?

King Leopold

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19

This was the name of the agreement in 1884 to peacefully divide Africa amongst competing Europeans.

berlin conference

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20

What was the name of the conflict in 1894 between Imperial Japan and China?

first sino-japanese war

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21

What were the two areas taken from China by the victorious Japanese?

korea & taiwan

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22

China’s loss demonstrated the failure of China to industrialize on their own.  What was the name of their attempt to industrialize?

self strengthening movement

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23

Who advocated the Chinese attempt to industrialize?

prince gong

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24

Who opposed it?

empress cixi

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25

Rather than conquer China and colonize it, the European powers and Japan setup spheres of influence in Qing China.  Provide one thing they set up or built in China against the Qing government’s will.

factories or exclusive markets

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26

What type of economy did the Ottoman Empire have in the 19th century?

agricultural based

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27

Which sultan attempted to reform the Ottoman Empire?

selim III

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28

List 3 countries who took land or won independence from the Ottoman Empire in the 19th or 20th century.

france

britain

balkans

greeks

italians

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29

What was the nickname for the shrinking, industrialized Ottoman Empire in the 19th century?

sick man of Europe

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30

What was the name for the philosophy that Europeans were biologically superior to other races of the world?

social darwinism

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31

What was the name of the medicine that allowed Europeans to conquer the interior of Africa?

quinine

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32

This was the invention that allowed Europeans to move upriver into Africa rather than rely on horses that were killed by tropical diseases.

steamboats

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33

Who forced Japan to open trade in 1853 (person)?

commodore perry

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34

What was the name of the new Japanese government / era that took over when the Tokugawa shogunate ended in 1868?

Meiji restoration

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35

What was the name of the mission to the US and Europe in which Japanese officials and scholars attempted to copy the West.

iwakura mission

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36

How did the Japanese copy the West politically?

democracy/constitution

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37

How did the Japanese copy the West industrially?

factories

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38

How did the Japanese copy the West militaristically?

guns/uniforms

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39

Who fought for independence from the Ottoman Empire in Egypt in 1867?

Muhammed ali

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40

How did he industrialize the land taken from Mamluks?

nationalized it

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41

What crop did he focus on producing?

cotton

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42

How did he copy Western governments?

centralized

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43

What two things did he focus on producing in port cities and factories?

navy

weapons

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44

What was the name of the wars fought between the British and Chinese in the mid 19th century?

opium wars

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45

What were the British attempting to sell the Chinese?

opium

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46

Why were the British attempting to sell the Chinese this controversial and illegal good?

the Chinese wanted nothing from the British

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47

What was the British reward for winning the second war?

hong kong

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48

This is the Asante Queen versus British colonialism in the 19th century.

Yaa Asantewaa

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49

This is the caliphate that formed in West Africa during the 19th century and expanded until it’s conquest by the British in 1903.

Sokoto

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50

This was the anti-imperialist rebel in Peru who rebelled against Spain and adopting the name of the last Incan Emperor.

Tupac Amaru II

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51

This was the greatest organized threat faced by the Mughal Empire with the HIndu Kingdoms of West India.

Maratha Empire

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52

A loose union to combat the Muslim Mughal Empire.

Confederac

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53

The Maratha Empire’s main contributions

  • end of the Muslim Mughal empire in the Indian subcontinent

  • they resisted British control as the Brtish East India expanded its holding and consolidated its control of India

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54

A religiously inspired rebellion in Southern China.

The Taiping Rebellion

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55

The prophetic leaders attempt to gather support to overthrow various imperial powers in the hope of restarting a holy or perfect society?

Millenarianism

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56

In 1850, this man believed he was the younger brother of Jesus Christ, and led a separatist movement in southern China against the Manchu Qing Dynasty.

Hong Xiuquan

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57

Two reasons why many oppressed Han Chinese and peasants were drawn to the rebellion.

new peaceful and egalitarian (equal) society

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58

How long did the rebellion last?

14 years

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59

10. Effects/impact of the rebellion in Southern China.

  • absolutely devastated the countryside and crop yields

  • caused millions of Chinese to flee China

  • killed more than 30 million Chinese due to conflict, famine, and disease

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60

Who led the Ghost Dance Movement in the central plains of the United States and what did he believe?

Sioux tribesman Wovoka

Native Americans

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61

When and where did the movement take place?

Indian Wars

1872-1890 - Nevada to the great Plains of US

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62

Why did the movement take place? US army killing buffalo -- destroy the food supply of the Native Americans?

  • US army an Indians battled across the plains

  • the US army systematically killed off buffalo to destroy their food supply

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63

What happened in Wounded knee?

killing innocent native women+children after accidental rifle discharge

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64

This South African tribe was tired of the Dutch and British colonial administration.

Xhosa

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65

A young visionary who experienced a vision from his ancestors.

Nongqawuse

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66

What was the vision about and what did the tribe have to do to attain their goal?

  • ancestors informed Nongquawuse that a day of the dead would drive the Europeans from the land and into the sea

  • in order for this to occur, the Xhosa would have to slaughter their tainted cattle and destroy their crops (along with other demands) for these spirits to fulfill the prophecy

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67

What was the effect of fulfilling the requirements of the prophecy?

no spirits arrived, thousands of the Xhosa people died of starvation and deprivation

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68

In Latin America, the most common form of labor until the mid to late 1800s.

slavery

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69

Four countries which experienced slave rebellions?

  • Haitian Revolution

  • Jamaica

  • United States

  • Brazil

  • Venezuela

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70

What two major slave uprisings occurred in the United States?

Stono Slave Rebellion and Turner Rebellion (1739 and 1831 respectively)

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71

Groups of escaped slaves living on the periphery of societies

Maroon societies

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72

This enlightenment idea which influenced Westerners to see all humans universally was able to take root in the late 18th and early 19th century.

abolitionism

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73

When did slavery end in Mexico, Britain, Brazil, Russia?

  • Mexico 1824

  • Britain 1833

  • Brazil 1888

  • Russia 1861

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74

Term for feudal slavery.

serfdom

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75

True or False: Most instances of imperialism took place without large settlements by Europeans.

true

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76

Three colonies were Europeans actively settled with large populations.

Australia, New Zealand, South Africa

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77

Europeans encountered more organized resistance in these areas.

New Zealand, South Africa

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78

What was the rebellion by a group of martial artists to rid China of intruders, and end the ‘Spheres of Influence’ in China?

boxer rebellion

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79

Chinese dynasty and empress during the period of colonization.

Qing, Empress Cixi

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80

While the rebellion initially began without the sanctioning government, what forces soon joined the rebels?

Qing military forces

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81

Why did the rebellion occur?

by the 1890s, the chinese people and government had been humiliated by the Opium wars, and the intrusion of Westerners, Russia, and Japan

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82

What did the rebels temporarily accomplish?

  • Violently overran many unsuspecting western offices and businesses

  • killed many europeans citizens, officials, and ambassadors

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83

What was the result of the rebellion?

a joint coalition force of Western forces

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84

What were the largest and greatest challenges to Western imperialism in the 19th century?

Boxer imperialism, Sepoy Mutiny in India in 1857

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85

What nations formed or maintained independent states near the edges of Western imperial empires in the 19th century?

Cherokee nation, Kingdom of Hawaii, Zulu kingdom

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86

The forced march of the Cherokee Nation to a US Indian reservation in Oklahoma.

trail of tears

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87

The last queen of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

queen liliuokalani

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88

How and when was the last queen removed from power?

annexed following an american coup against queen in 1893

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89

What is the Kingdom of Siam currently called?

modern-day Thailand

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90

Zulu king who united many of the South African tribes in the 1920s.

Shaka Zulu

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91

The wars in which the British forcibly took the colony of South African and the Dutch.

boer wars

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92

The British and Zulus fought this conflict over territories in South Africa.

angelo-zulu war

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93

What happened in the Battle of Islawanda?

massacre

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94

What was the result and impact of the British war against the Zulu Kingdom?

conquered the zulu kingdom

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95

New factors greatly increased agricultural output in the 17th and 18th centuries and what did they ensure?

convertible husbandry

enclosure

ensured agriculture was commercialized efficiently for profit

clovers

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96

These two provided fertilizer in the form of livestock manure, and nutrients from clovers, to maintain full use of land.

Clovers

convertible husbandry

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97

What was the purpose of the enclosure movement?

ensured agriculture was commercialized efficiently for profit

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98

Boosted the population of Western countries dramatically.

industrialized food production and equipment

industrial canned food

ice boxes allowed longer storage, preservation

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99

Reduced death by disease.

vaccinations

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100

These discoveries allowed for the prevention of infection.

discovery of bacteria and sanitation

bathe discovery and/or invention of sanitation products such as bleach and soap

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