2 - NEURO 2.4

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TIC DOULOUREUX

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100 Terms

1

TIC DOULOUREUX

MC CN 5 lesion

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2

TRIGEMINAL (CN V)

largest cranial nerve

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3

GASSERIAN/SEMILUNAR GANGLION

sensory ganglia of the CN V

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4

MASSETER, MEDIAL PTERYGOID, TEMPORALIS, LATERAL PTERYGOID

muscle of mastication

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5

MEDIAL PTERYGOID, LATERAL PTERYGOID

muscles of mastication that has 2 heads

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6

MASSETER, MEDIAL PTERYGOID, TEMPORALIS

for closing the mouth

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7

LATERAL PTERYGOID

for opening the mouth

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8

DIGASTRIC ANTERIOR BELLY, MYLOHYOID, TENSOR TYMPANI, TENSOR VELI PALATINI

other innervations of the CNV aside from mastication muscles

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9

THYROHYOID, OMOHYOID, STERNOHYOID, STERNOTHYROID

infrahyoid muscles

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10

DIGASTRIC, MYLOHYOID, STYLOHYOID, GENIOHYOID

suprahyoid muscles

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11

TENSOR TYMPANI

tenses the tympanic membrane to dampen sound

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12

TRIGEMINAL - OPHTHALMIC (CN V1)

sensory supply of the eyeball

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13

BLINK REFLEX

corneal reflex or

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14

CORNEAL REFLEX

first reflex discovered by man

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15

TRIGEMINAL - OPHTHALMIC (CN V1)

responsible for afferent in corneal reflex

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16

FACIAL (CN VII)

responsible for efferent in corneal reflex

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17

FACIAL (CN VII)

responsible for closing the eyes

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18

BELL’S PALSY

inability to close the eyes

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19

OCULOMOTOR (CN III)

responsible for opening the eyes

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20

TRIGEMINAL - OPHTHALMIC (CN V1)

responsible for afferent in sneezing

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21

GLOSSOPHARYNGEAL (CN IX), VAGUS (CN X)

responsible for efferent in sneezing

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22

GENICULATE GANGLION

ganglia of the CN VII

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23

CORRUGATOR SUPERCILI

muscle for frowning

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24

FACIAL (CN VII)

responsible for motor innervation of facial expressions

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25

OCCIPITOFRONTALIS

muscle for surprise

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26

ZYGOMATICUS MAJOR

muscle for true smile

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27

ORBICULARIS ORIS

muscle for kissing

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28

MENTALIS

muscle for doubt

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29

BUCCINATOR

muscles for suck/blow

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30

PROCERUS

muscle for distaste

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31

RISORIUS

muscle for grimace

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32

LEVATOR ANGULI ORIS

muscle for sneering

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33

ORBICULARIS OCULI

muscle for winking

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34

PLATYSMA

muscle for EGAD

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35

DIGASTRIC POSTERIOR BELLY, STYLOHYOID, STAPEDIUS

additional muscles innervated by CsN7 aside from facial expressions

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36

STAPEDIUS

smallest muscle of the body

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37

HYPERACUSIS

paralyzed stapedius

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38

HYPERACUSIS

increased sound sensitivity

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39

TONGUE ANTERIOR 2/3

sensory innervations of the CN7

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40

CHORDA TYPMANI

fibers which provide taste sensation

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41

FACIAL (CN VII), GLOSSOPHARYNGEAL (CN IX)

responsible for taste

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42

AGEUSIA

loss of taste

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43

FACIAL (CN VII)

taste for anterior 2/3 of tongue

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44

GLOSSOPHARYNGEAL (CN IX)

taste for posterior 1/3 of tongue

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45

TRIGEMINAL (CN V)

general sensation for anterior 2/3 of tongue

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46

GLOSSOPHARYNGEAL (CN IX)

general sensation for posterior 1/3 of tongue

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47

LACRIMAL, SALIVARY

autonomic fxns of the CN7

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48

GREAT PETROSAL BRANCH

branch of CN7 innervating lacrimal gland

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49

PONS

motor root of CN7

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50

NERVE OF WRISBERG (CN XIV)

sensory and parasympathetic fibers of CN7

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51

INTERNAL ACOUSTIC MEATUS, FACIAL CANAL, STYLOMASTOID FORAMEN

routes of the CN7

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52

FACIAL CANAL

geniculate ganglion is formed in theG

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53

GREAT PETROSAL BRANCH, NERVE TO STAPEDIUS, CHORDA TYMPANI

facial canal gives rise to ________

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54

STYLOMASTOID FORAMEN

MC site of entrapment of CN7

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55

CHVOSTEK TEST

test for Bell’s palsy

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56

PAROTID GLAND

Chvostek test involves tapping the _______

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57

TEMPORAL, ZYGOMATIC, BUCCAL, MANDIBULAR, CERVICAL

branches of CN7 which innervates face muscles

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58

FACIAL PALSY

lesion of CN7 at the stylomastoid foramen

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59

VESTIBULAR, COCHLEAR

CN8 parts

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60

DYSEQUILIBRIUM, BENIGN PAROXYSIAL VERTIGO, NYSTAGMUS

lesion to vestibular apparatus of CN8

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61

VESTIBULAR APPARATUS

vestibular organ of CN8

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62

ORGAN OF CONTI

cochlear organ of CN8

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63

DEAFNESS

lesion to cochlear organ of CN8

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64

CONDUCTION, SENSORINUEARL, CORTICAL

deafness types

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65

CONDUCTION DEAFNESS

deafness due to lesion in outer/external and middle ear

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66

SENSORINEUERAL DEAFNESS

deafness due to lesion in inner ear

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67

CORTICAL DEAFNESS

deafness due to lesion in the cortex

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68

BRODMANN’S AREA 41, HESCHL’S GYRUS

lesion to the _____ causes cortical deafness

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69

WEBER, RINNE

test for auditory acuity

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70

WEBER TEST

test for unilateral hearing loss

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71

WEBER TEST

tuning fork on the top of the head

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72

AIR CONDUCTION, BONE CONDUCTION

Rinne test compares ________

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73

RINNE TEST

tuning fork on the mastoid process

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74

STYLOPHARYNGEUS

motor innervation of CN9

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75

TONGUE POSTERIOR 1/3

sensory innervation of CN9

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76

PAROTID GLAND

autonomic innervation of CN9P

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77

PHARYNX, LARYNX

motor innervation of CN10

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78

LARYNX

voice box/vocal cords

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79

PHONATION

voice or sound formation

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80

DYSPHONIA

difficulty in sound production

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81

APHONIA

absence of sound production

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82

GLOSSOPHARYNGEAL (CN IX), VAGUS (CN X)

responsible for gag reflex

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83

PINNA, PHARYNX, LARYNX, EPIGLOTTIS

sensory innervation of CN10

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84

75% PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM, THORAX, ABDOMEN

autonomic innervation of CN10

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85

GLOSSOPHARYNGEAL (CN IX), VAGUS (CN X)

innervates muscle of pharynx

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86

VAGUS (CN X)

innervates muscle of larynx

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87

SPINAL ACCESSORY - CRANIAL (CN XI)

responsible for vagal system

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88

SPINAL ACCESSORY - SPINAL (CN XI)

responsible for SCM and trapezius innervation

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89

SPINAL ACCESSORY (CN XI)

only CN passing through foramen magnum

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90

SCAPULAR LATERAL WINGING

lesion to the CN11 may cause

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91

RADICAL NECK DISSECTION

CN11 may be damaged

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92

HYPOGLOSSAL (CN XII)

responsible for motor innervation of tongue muscles

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93

TRIGEMINAL (CN V), FACIAL (CN VII), GLOSSOPHARYNGEAL (CN IX)

responsible for tongue sensation

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94

DYSARTHRIA

problems with articulation

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95

PALATOGLOSSUS, GENIOGLOSSUS, HYOGLOSSUS, STYLOGLOSSUS

muscles of tongue

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96

PALATOGLOSSUS

tongue elevation

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97

GENIOGLOSSUS

tongue extensionHY

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98

HYOGLOSSUS

tongue depression

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99

STYLOGLOSSUS

curls tongue

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100

HYPOGLOSSAL (CN XII)

MC affected in dysarthria

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