Dendro Tree Descriptions

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Red Maple

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1

Red Maple

Opposite, blunt reddish brown buds

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2

Shingle Oak

Alternate, olive-orange twigs, conical buds, bowl shaped acorn cap

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3

Black Locust

Alternate, ropey bark, paired spines

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4

Paper Birch

Alternate, white papery bark, sticky buds

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5

Gray Birch

Alternate, grayish white bark, single male catkin

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6

Southern Magnolia

Evergreen alternate leaves, rust brown underneath leaf, on twig, and bud

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7

Ginkgo

Alternate, red brown twigs and thick spur shoots, irregularly ridged bark

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8

Sugar Maple

Opposite, sharp brown buds

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9

Flowering Dogwood

Opposite, blocky bark, green or purple twigs, cat claw leaf buds, hershey kiss flower buds

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10

White Oak

Alternate, clustered round buds, white bark

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11

Black Oak

Alternate, clustered long tan hairy buds, black bark

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12

Yellow Poplar

Alternate, shallow diamond furrows, duck bill buds

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13

Green Ash

Opposite, brown boot leather bud, half circle leaf scar

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14

White Fir

Evergreen with suction cup needles

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15

Norway Spruce

Evergreen, shiny green needles on woody peg

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16

Eastern White Pine

Evergreen, 5 needles per fascicle

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17

American Sycamore

Alternate, camo patterned bark, bud hidden under petiole

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18

Black Cherry

Alternate, burnt cornflake bark, reddish brown to green buds

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19

Boxelder

Opposite, green twig

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20

Norway Maple

Opposite, purple turban shaped bud

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21

Silver Maple

Opposite, reddish brown buds, long thin strips of peeling bark

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22

Pawpaw

Alternate, bat ear buds, smooth bark with lenticels

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23

Blackgum

Alternate, diaphragmed pith, ridged and furrowed to blocky bark

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24

Dawn Redwood

Opposite, reddish peeling bark, cylindrical buds

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25

American Beech

Alternate, cigar shaped buds, 11-14 leaf veins

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26

European Beech

Alternate, cigar shaped buds, 7-9 leaf veins

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27

Sweetgum

Alternate, round spiky seed pods, green to orange brown buds

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28

Black Cherry

Alternate, burnt cornflake bark, reddish brown to green buds

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29

Sweet Birch

Alternate, plated gray bark, green and brown buds, wintergreen taste

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30

River Birch

Alternate, brownish/salmon peeling bark, pubescent buds and twigs

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31

Honeylocust

Alternate, zig zag twigs with branched thorns, plated bark, curling seed pods

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32

Kentucky Coffeetree

Alternate, salmon colored pith, large flat seed pods

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33

Sassafras

Alternate, green twigs with sweet smell when broke, cinnamon colored inner bark

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34

Sweet Cherry

Alternate, smooth bark with think lenticels, large reddish buds

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35

Bigtooth Aspen

Alternate, gray brown bark that splits, orange brown buds with small hairs

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36

Weeping Willow

Alternate, dropping form, appressed buds and furrowed bark

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37

Black Willow

Alternate, yellow twigs with appressed buds

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38

Willow Oak

Alternate, tiny clustered terminal buds, tiny acorns

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39

White Spruce

Evergreen with white-ish green needles, needles not sharp, cones 1.5-2.5 inches long

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40

Callery Pear

Alternate, shallow furrows and scaly ridges, white fuzzy buds

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41

Hophornbeam

Alternate, smooth splotchy bark (when young), shaggy shredded bark (when older), green/red brown striated buds, “hops” shaped fruit

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42

American Chestnut

Alternate, hairless orange-brown twigs/buds, spiky fruit

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43

Chinese Chestnut

Alternate, lenticel covered pubescent twigs and buds, spiky fruit, furrowed bark

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44

Alleghany Chinkapin

Alternate, pubescent twigs and buds, spiky fruit, small shrub

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45

Chinkapin Oak

Alternate, clustered conical buds, bowl shaped acorn cap, shallow ridges and furrows

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46

Bur Oak

Alternate, clustered terminal buds with burs attached, large acorns with warty caps and burs

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47

Pin Oak

Alternate, clustered conical terminal buds, shallow ridged bark, flattened acorn cap

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48

Spicebush

Alternate, greenish twigs with round buds, spicy smell when twig broken, brown bark with many small lenticels, bright red fruit in fall

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49

Cucumbertree

Alternate, light brown very soft bark, red-brown twigs with stout white fuzzy buds, “cat poop” fruit

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50

White Ash

Opposite, brown leathery buds, ashy bark forming interlacing ridges, Cheshire smile leaf scars

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51

Virginia Pine

Evergreen, two short twisty needles per fascicle

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52

Blackhaw

Opposite, middle finger buds, shrub/small tree

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53

Eastern Redbud

Alternate, zigzag dark-colored white-spotted twigs, dark red to chestnut buds, small legume seed pods

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54

Hornbeam

Alternate, smooth blue-gray “fluted” bark, angled brown buds, leafy fruit

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55

Northern Catalpa

Whorled, scaly ridged bark, long legume-like seed pods, lamprey-mouth leaf scars

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56

Northern Red Oak

Alternate, clustered, pentagonal terminal buds, large acorns with very flat cap

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57

Common Persimmon

Alternate, brown bark with rough diamond ridge/furrow pattern, chocolate brown underneath bark, tan pubescent buds, chambered pith

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58

Bitternut Hickory

Alternate, smooth gray bark when young, interlacing ridges when older, distinct yellowish terminal buds, nut has a thin husk

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59

Pignut Hickory

Alternate, smooth gray bark when young, interlacing shaggy topped ridges when older, smallish glaborous terminal buds, nut has a thick husk

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60

Shagbark Hickory

Alternate, smooth gray bark when young, bark begins to “shag” when older, tomentose twigs with large pubescent terminal buds, nut has a thivk husk

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61

Mockernut Hickory

Alternate, smooth gray bark when young, interlaced round topped ridged bark when older, pubescent twigs and terminal buds, nut has think husk

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62

European Larch

Deciduous needles, straw colored twigs with rounded buds and spur shoots

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63

Hawthorn

Alternate, smooth gray-brown bark when young, bark darkens and gets scaly when older, dark red and round buds, small red or yellow fruits, large thorns

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64

American Basswood

Alternate, beer-gut buds, smooth nutlets attached to leaf

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65

Littleleaf Linden

Alternate, beer-gut buds, ridged nutlets attached to leaf

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66

Kousa Dogwood

Opposite, camo colored bark, cat claw leaf buds and round flower buds

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67

Great Rhododendron

Evergreen leaves, yellow green pubescent twigs with leaf-covered buds

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68

Austrian Pine

Evergreen needles, two non twisty needles per fascicle, needles do not easily break when bent

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69

Longleaf Pine

Evergreen needles, three very long needles per fascicle

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70

Hackberry

Alternate, smooth bark when young, bark forms warts and “topographical” ridges, brown twigs with lenticels, tan triangular appressed buds,

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71

American Elm

Alternate, interlacing flat topped ridges, alternating light and dark layers in bark when cut, glabrous, zigzag twigs with reddish brown buds

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72

Chinese Elm

Alternate, puzzle piece bark with brown and orange patches, zigzag twigs with lenticels and orange brown buds

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73

Slippery Elm

Alternate, noninterlacing flat topped ridges, zigzag twigs with dark brown to black buds

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74

Japanese Zelkova

Alternate, smooth bark with orange patches, thin twigs with reddish brown conical buds

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75

Hazel Alder

Alternate, small shrub with smooth fluted bark, reddish matchstick buds

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76

Silky Dogwood

Opposite, multi-stemmed shrub, reddish purple to green bark, red-pruple twigs with salmon colored pith and white hairs, small hairy buds

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77

Mountain Laurel

Alternate, large shrub/small tree, shredded bark, red to green twigs with leaf clusters at branch tips

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78

Sourwood

Alternate, gray-brown deeply blocky bark, green to red twigs, tiny appressed buds and raised leaf scars

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79

Flame Azalea

Alternate, tall shrub, gray brown finely shredded bark, very hairy twigs with clustered buds

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80

Lowbush Blueberry

Alternate, small shrub that is green to the ground

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81

Bear Oak

Alternate, shrubs growing near water, smooth gray bark, pubescent twigs with reddish brown, small clustered terminal buds

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82

Chestnut Oak

Alternate, blocky flat topped ridges, hairless twigs with long, pointed, clustered buds, long acorns with warty teacup shaped cap

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83

Table Mountain Pine

Evergreen needles, two twisty needles per fascicle, 1.5-3.5 inches long, sharp cones usually clustered

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84

Black Raspberry

Alternate, small canes with a whitish purple stem and small prickles, tips of stems will root in ground

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85

Shining Sumac

Alternate, smooth grey bark with dark lenticels, reddish brown hairy twigs and buds, rounded buds and horseshoe leaf scar, dark red clustered drupes in winter

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86

Staghorn Sumac

Alternate, slightly fuzzy gray bark with dark lenticels, brown velvety twigs, rounded hairy buds, horseshoe leaf scar, round/red/fuzzy clustered drupe

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87

Yellow Birch

Alternate, bronze peeling or scaly bark, green-brown hairy twigs, sharp red-brown buds, wintergreen smell

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88

Alternate Leaf Dogwood

Alternate, smooth dark green bark, red to dark purple twigs, white pith, small buds, dead twigs turn yellow

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89

Post Oak

Alternate, ashy grey blocky bark, gray slightly hairy twigs with round clustered terminal buds, warty bowl-shaped acorn cap

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90

Red Spruce

Evergreen needles attached via woody peg, grey brown bark above, red brown bark below surface, orange brown twigs with soft needles

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91

Red Pine

Evergreen needles, two non twisted needles per fascicle that break cleanly when bent, reddish brown scaly bark

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92

Loblolly Pine

Evergreen needles, three non twisted needles per fascicle, red- to gray-brown scaly bark

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93

Apple

Alternate, “dragon scale” bark, poorly formed small tree, grey slightly hairy twigs with ovate hairy gray buds

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94

Striped Maple

Opposite, green bark with black stripes

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95

Scarlet Oak

Alternate, clustered short fat buds, ski track bark til waist height

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96

Witch Hazel

Alternate, multi-stemmed shrub, yellow spider-like flowers

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97

Sweetfern

Alternate, gray brown fuzzy buds, smooth spotted bark, small shrub

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98

Pitch Pine

Evergreen, three twisted needles per fascicle, thick flat plated bark

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99

Eastern Hemlock

Evergreen with flat needles, two white lines below needle

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100

Downy Serviceberry

Alternate, smooth gray bark with vertical stripes or cracks, long skinny bud

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