Government Final Exam Review

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The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies is a …

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1

The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies is a …

government

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2

___ is all of the things a government decides to do

public policy

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3

John Locke believed all people in a society were deserving of ___ rights, like life, liberty, & property

natural

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4

confederation

alliance of independent states; loose association of states

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5

federalism

powers divided between central government & several local governments

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6

parlimentary

executive branch made up of a prime minister (premier) & that official’s cabinet (this branch is part of the legislature)

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7

Presidential

executive & legislative branches of government are separate, independent, coequal; includes a chief executive that is chosen by the people

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8

Unitary

centralized government; powers belong to a single central agency

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9

John Locke’s Social Contract Theory states:

that government gains power from the people

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10

A ___ is often incorrectly referred to as a “nation” or a “country”

state

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11

the four characteristics of a state include:

population, territory, sovereignty, & government

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12

The United States is most accurately described as a(n) ___. because the sovereign power is held by those eligible to vote, and political power is exercised by representatives chosen by & held responsible to the citizens.

republic

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13

The Declaration of Independence stated that principle that is government fails to act in best interests of the people….

the people have the right to revolt and replace that government

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14

The U.S. Constitution is considered a “living” document because:

of its ability to be amended

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15

Federalism’s strengths lie in the fact that this type of government as it:

allows local actions in matters of local concern & allows national action in maters of wider concern

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16

popular sovereignty

people are source of government power; government exists only with consent of governed

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17

limited government

restricted government; individual rights that government cannot take away

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18

separation of powers

executive, legislative, & judicial powers divided; independent & coequal branches

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19

checks & balanaces

overlapping powers of the 3 branches; each branch ahs oversight of the powers of the others

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20

judicial review

power of a court to determine constitutionality of a governmental action

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21

federalism

division of national government & several regional governments

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22

The ____ of the U.S. Constitution, acts as an introduction to America’s new plan of government, with power resting with the people, unified by a strong central government.

Preamble

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23

delegated power

power granted to National government by the consitution

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24

reserved power

power not granted to the national government and not denied of the states

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25

concurrent power

power that both the national government & the States possess & exercise

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26

expressed power

power of the national government spelled out specifically in the Consitution

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27

implied power

power of the national government suggested in the consitution

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28

inherent power

presumed power of the national government as a sovereign state within the world communitye

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29

exclusive power

power which can be exercised by the National Government alone

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30

limiting governmental powers through the separation or division of powers was important to the framers of the U.S. constitution because:

all of the above

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31

The “Necessary & Proper” or “Elastic” clause of the constitution is most directly related to:

implied power

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32

which of the following diplomatic powers of the president requires a 2/3 confirmation by the Senate?

treaty-making

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33

The reapportionment of congress takes place every __ years

10

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34

which of the following diplomatic powers of the president expires at the end of that president’s term?

executive agreements with foreign states

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35

which of the following diplomatic powers of the president expires at the end of that presidents term?

foreign states

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36

which of the following requirements of the presidency has proven to be most controversial throughout the years?

native-born citizenship

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37

federal judges, U.S. marshals, & attorneys are chosen through ___

appointment power

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38

The U.S. Senate is comprised of ___ members

100

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39

The vast majority of bills in the House of Representatives are pigeon-holed, or fail when they reach ___

a standing committee

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40

presidential appointments require confirmation by ___

the Senate

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41

All of the following are powers possessed by congress EXCEPT:

all of the preceding powers are possessed by congress

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42

In the federal judciary, the district courts only have ___ jurisdiction

original

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43

the director of the department of Justice is known as the ___

attorney general

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44

legislative branch

creates laws

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45

executive branch

enforces laws

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46

judicial branch

interprets lawsT

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47

The main federal district court in SD is located in

Sioux Falls

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48

The presiding officer of the House of Reps is the

SpeakerI

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49

In presidential succession, who follows the vice president in chain of command?

speaker of the house

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50

A stalling tactic or delay or prevent senate action on a measure is called the

filibuster

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51

___ must gather a 2/3 vote after a trial in order to convict someone in an impeachment

The Senate

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52

House of Reps

25 years old, U.S. citizen for 7 years, term length 6 years, representation based on population

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53

Senate

30 years old, U.S. citizen for 8 years, term length: 2 years, representation basaed on equal representation

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54

A directive rule, or regulation issued by a chief executive based upon constitutional or statutory authority & having the force of law is a

executive order

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55

The presiding officer of the Senate is the

Vice president

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56

Today the supreme court is comprised of … total justices

9

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57

The U.S. House of Reps consists of ___ member

435

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58

Which fo the following diplomatic powers of the president’s power to decide if the U.S. will accept a foreign state as an equal member of the family of nations?

recognition of a foreign state

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59

The sole power to impeach comes from

the House fo RepsT

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60

The president’s power to refuse to disclose inormation is

executive privilege

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61

african americans

13-14% of the population; have been a huge minority since colonization, Many civil rights gains in the US have originated with this group

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62

native americans

9.7 million reside in the U.S.; 1/4 live on reservations,90% of their population was wiped out by disease in early colonial period

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63

hispanic americans

spanish-speaking background; can be of any race; the nation’s fastest growing population group

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64

asian americans

18 mil in us today; includes those with filipino heritage; exclusion legislation and internment camps have limited this group in the US

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65

women

often face the “glass ceiling” of the discrimination in corporate world, many believed suffrage rights would resolve the other inequities they face

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66

which of the following is not a true generalization of American citizens

someone that marries an american citizen automatically becomes a citizen

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67

which of the follow is a flaw of the electoral college system

the popular vote winner not guaranteed presidency

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68

the national conventions for the two parties take places every

presidential election year

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69

the number of electoral votes for a state are determined by

that state’s number of representatives and senators in Congress

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70

All of the following are reasons for the existence of third parties EXCEPT

tend to add strength to major parties

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71

The party “in power” has less conflict through the presidential primary process because

the president is usually seeking reelection and is most likely the party’s choice due to that fact

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72

why are women labeled as a minority group?

women have suffered many of the same types of discrimination as minority groups

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73

republican party

more likely to favor private market forces in teh economy and to argue for less federal government, red, elephant, small government

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74

democratic party

more likely to support social welfare programs, government regulation of business, efforts to improve the status of minorities, blue, donkey, big government

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75

closed primary

crossover primary; any qualified voter can cast a ballot

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76

blanket primary

every voter receives the same ballot; every candidate listed

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77

run-off primary

election in which candidates are not identified by party labels

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78

what is the most important function ofthe national convention

picking the party’s presidential candidate

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79

in most presidential elections, 1/3 of the voters are undecided, and are often labeled as ___

swing voters

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80

what is the major function of a political party?

to nominate candidates for public office

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81

in many states __ spending accounts for at least 30% of all state funding

public education

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82

pierre’s sales tax rate is __

6.5%

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83

The term length for the South dakota governor is __ years

4

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84

South Dakota officially became a state in the Union in

1889

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85

requirements for the SD legislature include at least __ years of age, 2 years residency & citizenship

21

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86

hughes, hyde, stanely, and sully counties make up district what of SD state leg

24

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87

A(n) ___ tax is an example of a regressive tax, which is levied at a flat rate, without regard to level of taxpayer’s income or ability to pay

sales

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88

one of Adam smith’s principles of a sound tax system includes

tax levied at a convenient time

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89

the term limit for the SD governor is ___ terms

2 consecutive

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90

How many justices are in the SD Supreme Court

5

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91

the __ party typically holds the majority in SD

republican

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92

SD sales tax rate is

4.5%

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93

A(n) __ tax is an example of progressive tax, a type of tax proportionate to income

income

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94

which is the most direct way that a governor can affect whether legislation is passed?

veto power

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95

the length of term for SD legislature is __ years

2

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96

The SD legislature is in session for __ days

40

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97

As the major unit of a local government, ___ governments are also known as parishes in Louisiana & boroughs in Alaska.

county

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98

Requirements for the South Dakota Governor are 21 years of age, ___ years of residency, & U.S. citizenship.

2

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99

The term limit for the South Dakota Legislature is ____ terms.

4 consecutive

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100

presidential appointments require confirmation by

the senate

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