U.S History Exam Review

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Northwest

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107 Terms

1

Northwest

cool/rainy, fishing, cedar trees, totem poles

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2

Eastern Woodlands

temperate, permanent house, hunting and farming

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3

Roger Williams

founded Rhode Island

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4

Maryland

Catholics

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5

Georgia

buffer zone, for debtors

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6

Mercantilism

colonies exist to serve mother country

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7

Salutary Neglect

Britain ignores us during their war with France

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8

French and Indian War (Seven Years War)

France and Indians vs. Britain and Colonies

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9

Proclamation of 1763

no settling beyond Appalachian Mtns.

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10

Sugar Act

1st Tax (on sugar) and 1st boycott by colonies

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11

Townshend Duties

tax on paper, paint, lead, glass, and tea

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12

Tea Act

lowered tax on tea, but made us buy from Britain

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13

Boston Tea Party

342 Chests of Tea

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14

American Revolution

1775-1781

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15

Thomas Paine

Common sense- break from Britain

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16

Saratoga

battle that brought French aid (1778)

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17

Treaty of Paris

independence and land to the Mississippi River

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18

Critical Period

1781-1789

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19

Northwest Ordinance of 1787

process for new states, had equal rights to old states

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20

Great Compromise

representation in congress

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21

Constitution

1787

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22

Checks and Balances

not too strong (Legislative, Judicial, Executive)

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23

Bill of Rights

Amendments 1-10, added so that the Anti-Feds would ratify

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24

Ratification

1788-1789

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25

Federalist Papers

85 pro-constitution essays, written by Hamilton, Madison, and Jay

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26

Hamilton’s Financial Plan

national banks

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27

State Banks

Jefferson approved

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28

Assumption of Debt

federal government pays off state debt

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29

Protective Tariff

tax on imports

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30

Excise Tax

Whiskey Rebellion- crushed by GW

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31

Strict Construction

national govt can only do what is written

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32

Loose Construction

national govt can do what is necessary and proper

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33

First American-Party System

Federalists and Democratic-Republicans

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34

Neutrality Proclamation of 1793

refuse to enter French Revolution

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35

Edmond Genet

tries to convince the U.S to join, gets the boot

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36

Jay Treaty

Britain won’t leave forts, impressing our sailors

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37

Pinckney Treaty

Spain- let us use New Orleans

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38

GW’s Farewell Address

-two terms

-avoid political parties

-avoid foreign stuffs

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39

War Hawks

1810- Calhoun and Clay want war with Britain

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40

War of 1812

with Britain because of impressment

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41

Battle of New Orleans

Andrew Jackson- we think we won the war

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42

Panic of 1819

financial panic to end Era of Good Feelings

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43

Monroe Doctrine

Yeve Bebe Yone

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44

Tariff of Abominations

really high tax on imports

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45

Andrew Jackson

king Andrew

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46

Nullification Crisis

SC nullifies Tariff of Abominations

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47

Martin Van Buren

Panic of 1837- Van Ruin

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48

Election of 1840

like a modern election

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49

Dorothea Dix

asylum lady

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50

Horace Mann and William McGuffey

education

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51

Cult of Domesticity

separate genders- men make moolah, women care for kids

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52

Seneca Falls Convention

1848

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53

William Loyd Garrison

the Liberator

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54

Nat Turner

violent uprising- 55 whites dead-whites kill 100s of slaves

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55

Webster-Ashburton Treaty

Maine-Canada border-we get 7/12 and Canada gets 5/12

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56

Polk

expansion, dark horse

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57

Oregon

compromise with Britain

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58

54 40 or fight

Oregon slogan

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59

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

1848- U.S gets Cali, Nevada

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60

Gadsden Purchase

bought from Mexico for railroads

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61

Zachary Taylor

Milk and Cherries, vetoes Compromise of 1850

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62

Compromise of 1850

Clay’s last Compromise

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63

Republican Party

opposition to Kansas-Nebraska Act

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64

Immigration

Irish (Pope-adilles), German

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65

Know-Nothing Party

opposition to Immigrants

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66

Pierce/Buchanan

did not help crisis

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67

Election of 1860

Abe Lincoln, SC secedes

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68

13th Amendment

free slaves

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69

Gettysburg

turning point

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70

Presidential Reconstruction

Lincoln allows South to get back very easily

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71

Freedman’s Bureau

help black, mainly schooling

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72

Congressional Elections of 1866

Republicans win 2/3 of Congress

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73

Radical Reconstruction

Republicans

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74

Reconstruction Act of 1867

5 military districts

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75

14th Amendment

blacks are citizens :)

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76

15th Amendment

black men can vote

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77

Compromise of 1877

1876 election contested

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78

New South

diversify economy

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79

Solid South

DEMOCRAT

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80

Gilded Age

1865-1900

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81

New Immigration

China, Japan, Russia, Italy

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82

Terence Powderly

Created Knights of Labor-all men could join

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83

Samuel Gompers

leader of American Federation of Labor- only skilled white men

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84

Plessy v. Ferguson

separate but equal

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85

Booker T. Washington

black should gradually integrate

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86

WEB duBois

blacks should integrate NOW!!

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87

Homestead Act

1862- if live for five years on property, get 160 Acres

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88

Helen Hunt Jackson

Century of Dishonor

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89

Cleveland

Democrat, 2 non-consecutive terms,

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90

Garfield’s death

rummage rummage

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91

William McKinley

killed by crazy guy

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92

the Maine

ship esplodes, blame Spain

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93

yellow journalism

exaggerated newspaper stories

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94

Spanish American War

1898-U.S wins easily-don’t annex Cuba-meddling

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95

Disease

kills 10x more soldiers than bullets in SA War

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96

Big Stick Diplomacy

TR-be diplomatic-have military power

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97

Panama Canal

helped Panama get independence from Columbia

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98

Great White Fleet

16 Battleships- World Tour 1907

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99

Muckrakers

write about problems to prompt reform

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100

Upton Sinclair

The Jungle

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