Md terms final exam study set

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108 Terms

1

orchid/o

testes

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2

an

without

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3

-centesis

surgical puncture

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4

-pepsia

digest, digestion

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5

-rrhaphy

surgical suturing

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6

osteo-

bone

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7

-ectomy

surgical removal

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8

-oma

tumor

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9

ather/o

plaque, fatty substance

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10

-itis

inflammation of

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11

dys-

bad, painful, difficult

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12

phleb/o

vein

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13

thromb/o

blood clot

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14

-cyte

cell

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15

pneum/o

lung, air

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16

cyan/o

blue

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17

proct/o

rectum and anus

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18

gastr/o

stomach

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19

pyel/o

renal pelvis

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20

-ectasis

dilation, expansion

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21

encephal/o

brain

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22

ot/o

ear

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23

hyster/o

uterus

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24

-emia

in the blood

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25

menopause

menstruation ceases permanently

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26

diaphoresis

profuse sweating

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27

obstetrics

branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth

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28

Osteoporosis

A condition in which the body's bones become weak and break easily.

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29

angioplasty

surgical repair of a blood vessel

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30

thrombolysis

destruction of a blood clot

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31

hypertension

high blood pressure

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32

Anaphylaxis

Severe allergic reaction

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33

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

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34

jaundice

yellowing of the skin and eyes

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35

epistaxis

nosebleed

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36

dysuria

painful urination

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37

nephrologist

physician who studies and treats diseases of the kidney

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38

Meningitis

inflammation of the covering of the brain and spinal cord

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39

opthalmology

study of the eye and eye diseases

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40

diplopia

double vision

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41

onychomycosis

fungal infection of the nail

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42

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

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43

Hypercalcemia

excessive calcium in the blood

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44

mammography

x-ray imaging of the breast

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45

aspermia

condition of without sperm

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46

Hematoma

tumor of blood

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47

endocrinology

study of the endocrine system

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48

cardiomegaly

enlargement of the heart

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49

neuroplasty

surgical repair of a nerve

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50

Medical specialty dealing with pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum.

obstetrics

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51

The rupture of intervertebral disk cartilage is a

herniated disk

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52

A marked loss of bone density and an increase in bone fractures is known as

osteoporosis

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53

The abbreviation L4 means

lumbar vertebra #4

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54

Surgical repair of a vessel is

angioplasty

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55

The term that means the destruction of a blood clot is

thrombolysis

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56

consistently elevated blood pressure.

hypertension

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57

A severe allergic reaction that may cause death is

anaphylaxis

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58

The abbreviation GERD stands for

gastroesophageal reflux disease

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59

The term that means yellow discoloration of the skin and eyes, caused by excessive levels of bilirubin in the blood is

jaundice

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60

The medical term for the condition commonly known as a nosebleed is

epistaxis

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61

Painful urination is

dysuria

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62

A/ An ___________________ specializes in diagnosing and treating disease of the kidneys.

nephrologist

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63

Inflammation of the covering of the brain and spinal cord is

meningitis

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64

The study of the eye

ophthalmology

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65

double vision is

diplopia

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66

Any fungal infection of the nail

onychomycosis

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67

inflammation of the skin

dermatitis

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68

excessive calcium in the blood

hypercalcemia

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69

process of making a record of the breast

mammography

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70

without sperm in the semen

aspermia

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71

Which term refers to any visible change in tissue resulting from injury or disease?

lesion

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72

abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries

arteriosclerosis

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73

surgical repair of a nerve

neuroplasty

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74

abnormal lateral curvature of the lumbar spine

scoliosis

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75

any disease of cartilage

chondropathy

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76

surgical incision into a joint

arthrotomy

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77

abnormal softening of cartilage

chondromalacia

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78

abnormally slow heartbeat

bradycardia

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79

blockage of a coronary artery that causes tissue death of the affected tissue

myocardial infarction (heart attack)

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80

carcinoma derived from glandular tissue

adenocarcinoma

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81

spasmodic contraction of the larynx

laryngospasm

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82

progressive loss of lung function caused by stretching of the alveoli

emphysema

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83

Bleeding of the gums is a primary symptom of the earliest stage of periodontal disease which is called

gingivitis

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84

Duodenostomy

creation of an artificial opening in the duodenum

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85

What is the surgical procedure that involves crushing a stone or calculus

lithotripsy

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86

The instrument used to inspect the urinary bladder is a

cystoscope

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87

Which division of the nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord

central nervous system

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88

result of a blood vessel in the brain that leaks or ruptures

hemorrhage

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89

An inflammation of the eardrum is called

myringitis

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90

Which term means an abnormal discharge from the ear?

otorrhea

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91

Which is the term for the condition of excessively dry skin?

xeroderma

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92

When menstruation ceases permanently/normally as a result of the aging process, it is called

menopause

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93

quadrant

A quarter (ex. the liver is in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen)

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94

hypodermic

pertaining to under the skin

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95

alveoli

air sacs at ends of bronchioles

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96

nephrorrhaphy

suturing of the kidney

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97

lactation

secretion of milk

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98

dyscrasia

abnormal or pathologic condition of the blood

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99

nasogastric

pertaining to the nose and stomach

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100

iritis

inflammation of the iris

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