Anatomy and Physiology Quiz Classes 3-6

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103 Terms

1

Angio

Vessel

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Arthro

joint

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Brachio

arm

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Brady

slow

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Broncho

bronchus/bronchi

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Cardio

heart

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7

Cephalo

head

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Cervico

neck

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Chondro

cartilage

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Cyto

cell

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Derma

skin

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Dys

abnormal/difficult

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Ecto

outer/external

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Endo

internal/within

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Epi-

On, upon, above

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Eryth

red

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Gastro

stomach

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Glossa

tongue

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Hemo

blood

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Hyper

too much/high

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Hypo

under/decreased

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Myo

muscle

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Nephro

kidney

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Neuro

nerve

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Ortho

straight/normal

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Osteo

bone

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Parieto-

relating to the parietal bones/parietal section of the skull

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Ped

child/foot

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Pneumo

air/lungs

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Pod

foot

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Pseudo

false

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Pyro

fever/heat

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Reno

kidney

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Sarco

flesh

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Squamo-

scales

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Sub

under

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Tachy

fast

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Thermo

relating to heat

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Thoraco

Chest/thorax

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Thrombo

relating to clotting of the blood

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Trans

across/over

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Vaso

vessel

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Superior

above

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Inferior

below

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Anterior

front side

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Posterior

back side

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Ventral

same as anterior for bipeds, stomach on quadripeds

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Dorsal

same as posterior for bipeds, back on quadripeds

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Medial

toward midline

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Lateral

away from midline

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Intermediate

between more medial and more lateral structures

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Proximal

closer to torso

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Distal

farther from torso

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Superficial

above (layers)

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Deep

below

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Abdominal

area on ventral body surface inferior to the thoracic region

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Antecubital

anterior surface of elbow

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Axillary

armpit

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Brachial

arm

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Buccal

cheek

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Carpal

wrist

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Cervical

neck

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Digital

fingers and toes

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Femoral

thigh

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Inguinal

where your leg meets your trunk

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Nasal

nose

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Oral

mouth

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Orbital

eyes

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Patellar

knee

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Peroneal

lateral surface of leg

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Pubic

genital

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Sternal

breast bone area

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Tarsal

ankle

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Thoracic

chest

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Umbilical

belly button

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Cephalic

head area

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Deltoid

shoulder region

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Gluteal

butt

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Lumbar

lower back

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Occipital

posterior surface of head

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Popliteal

posterior surface of knee

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Scapular

shoulder blade

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Sural

calf

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Vertebral

spinal/backbone region

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Sagittal plane

divides body in left and right sections

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Frontal plane

divides body into anterior and posterior sections

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Transverse plane

divides body into superior and inferior sections

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Cranial cavity

houses the brain

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Spinal cavity

container of the spinal cord

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Thoracic cavity

houses heart + lungs, superior to diaphragm

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Subsections of abdominopelvic cavity

  • Umbilical region

  • Epigastric region

  • Hypogastric region

  • Right and left iliac (inguinal) regions

  • Right and left lumbar regions

  • Right and left hypochondriac regions

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Umbilical region

belly button

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Epigastric region

above stomach

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Hypogastric region

below stomach

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Right and left iliac (inguinal) regions

Groin (where thigh meets torso)

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Right and left lumbar regions

Lateral to belly button

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Left and right hypochondriac regions

Lateral to epigastric region, right below ribcage

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Homeostasis

1) Involves keeping variables relatively constant (is NOT static)

2) Consumes energy

3) Is equal to health: loss of homeostasis is equivalent to disease and/or death

4) Maintenance of one variable is often interdependent w/ the balance of other variables (ex. water, electrolyte balance)

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How is homeostasis maintained?

Feedback loops/mechanisms

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Negative feedback loop

  • Most common in living systems

  • If a value deviates from the set point, a response is generated to return the value to the set point, thus turning off the response

  • Tries to minimize the error signal

  • Error signal = set point - actual value

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