Anatomy Test 1

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Where in the body is bile synthesized?

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1

Where in the body is bile synthesized?

Liver

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2

Which of the following produces NO digestive enzymes?

Liver

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3

Which enzyme is found in saliva?

Amylase

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4

Which is the correct order of food passage through the digestive system?

Stomach, pancreas, liver, small intestine

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5

Which of the following is NOT an example of chemical digestion?

Dehydration synthesis

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6

Which type of food is not digested, and is therefore eliminated from our body?

Fiber

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7

The stomach has millions of

Gastric pits

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8

What secretes mucus?

Mucus cells

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9
<p>A</p>

A

Teeth

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10
<p>B</p>

B

Tonsils

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11
<p>C</p>

C

Hard palate

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12
<p>D</p>

D

Soft palate

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13
<p>E</p>

E

Uvula

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14
<p>F</p>

F

Tongue

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15
<p>G</p>

G

Lingual Frenulum

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16

intake of food

Ingestion

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17

Movement through GI track

Propulsion

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18

Mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into a form usable by the body

Digestion

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19

Uptake of nutrients into the epithelial cells of the digestive track

Absorption

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20

Removal of undigested materials

Defecation

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21

What moistens food with mucus and is a type of chemical breakdown?

Salivary glands

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22

Cleft lip, cleft palate, hairy tongue, thrush, cold sore

Mouth disorders

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23

Contractions that push food down the esophagus

Peristalsis

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24

Opens and closes to allow food in and out of body

Sphincters

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25

Connection between the trachea and esophagus

Tracheoesophageal fistula

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26

Increases surface area in stomach

Rugae

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27

Chemical and mechanical digestion occurs here

Stomach

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28

Gastric pits secrete

Mucus, pepsin, and hydrochloric acid

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29

3 parts of small intestine

Duodenum, jejunum, ileum

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30

Pancreatic juice, bile, intestinal juice interact with food here

Duodenum

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31

Lymph nodes that prevent infection

Ileum

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32

Has many villi for absorption

Jejunum

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33

Produces bile as a waste ; chemical digestion

Liver

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34

Emulsifies fats

Bile

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35

Re-absorption of water and electrolytes; mechanical digestion

Large intestine

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36

Diarrhea, constipation, appendicitis, colon cancer, diverticulitis

Large intestine disorders

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37

Holding area at end of colon

Rectum

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38

Exit of GI tract

Anus

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39

3 places mechanical digestion occurs

Mouth, stomach, small intestine

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40

Made in the walls of the small intestine

Intestinal juice

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41

Mixture of enzymes and acids that chemically breakdown proteins

Gastric juice

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42

Holds the tongue to the floor of the mouth

Lingual frenulum

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43

Carbs are digested in

Mouth

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44

Proteins are digested in

Stomach

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45

Lipids are digested in

Small intestine

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46

3 types of muscles

Smooth, striated, cardiac

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47

Secretion from the salivary glands

Saliva

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48

Helps push food down to the back of the mouth

Tongue

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49

Chief cells produce

Pepsin

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50

Parietal cells produce

Hydrochloric acid

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51

Prevents the stomach from digesting itself

Mucus

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52

Chronic seepage of stomach acid into the esophagus

Acid reflux

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53

Occasional acid burning of esophagus

Heartburn

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54

Inflammation of the gums

Gingivitis

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55

Inflammation of tissue around tooth

Periodontitis

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56

Caused by obesity, hypertension, pregnancy, or strain during bowel movements

Hemorrhoids

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57

Lymph Nodes of the Oral Cavity

Tonsils

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58

Absorbs water and vitamin k

Colon

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59

Crystallization of cholesterol in gallbladder

Gallstones

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60

Helps to prevent infection

Lymph nodes

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61

2 types of sphincters in the stomach+location

Cardiac/gastrosophageal (start) and pyloric (end)

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62

In pharynx; prevents from entering the lung

Epiglottis

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63

Scaring of tissue by acid

Ulcer

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64

Improper formation of lip/palate during fetal development

Cleft lip/palate

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65

Study of the structure and shape of the body

Anatomy

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66

Anatomy with large, visible structures

Gross Anatomy

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67

Anatomy studied with a magnifying instrument

Microscopic Anatomy

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68

Study of how body parts function/work

Physiology

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69

Structure often determines

Function

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70

Anatomical position

body erect, feet together, palms facing forward

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71

Allows medical personnel to talk about specific areas of the body

Surface/regional landmarks

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72

Organization of life from smallest to biggest

Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms

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73

Life function that provides the body with energy

Respiration

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74

Life function that forms bigger things from smaller things using bonds

Synthesis

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75

Life function that circulates and absorbs things

Transport

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76

Life function that produces offspring

Reproduction

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77

Life function that allows us to lose weight from heat and calories

Assimilation

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78

Life process by which living things take in materials from its environment for growth and repair

Nutrition

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79

Life function that allows organisms to grow

Growth

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80

Life function that gets rid of liquid and gaseous waste

Excretion

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81

Life function that maintains homeostasis

Regulation

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82

Life function that works with the digestive system most closely

Nutrition

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83

2 types of intestinal parasites

Tape worms, roundworms

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84

Two types of hernias and the gender they are more common in

Umbilical-females Inguinal-males

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85

Inferior part of the colon

Caecum

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86

Vestigial organ of the digestive system

Appendix

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87

Formation of pockets in the colon

Diverticulitis

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88

Surgery that allows people to have a colostomy bag

Colostomy

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89

Ulcers in the anus

Anorectal ulcer

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90

2 places where fat is stored+location

Greater omentum-stretches over small intestine lesser omentum-stretches from stomach to liver

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91

2 types of obesity surgery+level of invasiveness

Bands+staples-more invasive ties that can be loosened or tightened-less invasive

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92
<p>A</p>

A

Sagittal/Medial Sagittal

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93
<p>B</p>

B

Frontal/Coronal

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94
<p>C</p>

C

Transverse/Cross-section

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95
<p>A</p>

A

Thoracic

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96
<p>B</p>

B

Cranial

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97
<p>C</p>

C

Diaphragm

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98
<p>D</p>

D

Abdominal

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99
<p>E</p>

E

Pelvic

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100
<p>F</p>

F

Spinal

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