MCAT Review

studied byStudied by 0 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Cofactor

1 / 226

Tags and Description

227 Terms

1

Cofactor

chemical compound that tightly and loosely binds with an enzyme or other protein molecules

New cards
2

Co-enzymes

non-protein, organic molecules that carry chemical groups between enzymes (NAD and FAD)

New cards
3

Agonists

mimic a neurotransmitter at the receptor site, strengthening effect

New cards
4

Antagonist

blocks/impedes the regular activity of a neurotransmitter at the receptor

New cards
5

2 regions of electron density

Linear- 180

New cards
6

3 regions of electron density

Trigonal Planar-120

New cards
7

4 regions of electron density

Tetrahedral-109.5

New cards
8

5 regions of electron density

Trigonal Bipyramidal-90,120,180

New cards
9

6 regions of electron density

Octahedral-90,180

New cards
10

3 electron regions + 1 lone pair

Trigonal Pyramidal

New cards
11

Luteinizing Hormone

induces ovulation

New cards
12

Progesterone

steroid hormone secreted by ovaries to prepare uterus for implantation of fertilized ovum and subsequent pregnancy

New cards
13

GnRH

stimulates anterior pituitary to release FSH and LH

New cards
14

FSH (males)

triggers spermatogenesis and stimulates sertoli cells

New cards
15

FSH (females)

stimulates the development of ovarian follicles

New cards
16

TSH

stimulates the thyroid to produce T4 and T3 which stimulate metabolism

New cards
17

Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone

stimulates the anterior pituitary to release GH

New cards
18

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)

stimulates production and release of cortisol

New cards
19

Antidiuretic Hormone

increases permeability of the collecting duct to water. Allows more water to be resorbed, concentrating urine while decreasing urine volume.

New cards
20

Aldosterone

increases collecting duct’s ability to absorb Na+ and Cl- secrete K+ and H+, increase water reabsorption, and BP

New cards
21

Prolactin

production of milk

New cards
22

Prostaglandins

group of lipids made at site of tissue damage or infection that are involved in dealing with injury and illness

New cards
23

Calcitonin

stimulates osteoblasts to build bone, puts calcium into bone

New cards
24

Parathyroid Hormone

stimulates osteoclasts, gets rid of calcium from bone

New cards
25

Oral (Birth-1yr)

Infant’s pleasure, centers around mouth

New cards
26

Anal (1-3 yrs)

child’s pleasure focuses on anus and from elimination → toilet training

New cards
27

Phallic (3-6 yrs)

child’s pleasure focuses on genitals

New cards
28

Latency (6 yr-puberty)

children spend more time and interest mainly with same sex peers

New cards
29

Genital (beyond puberty)

individuals are attracted to opposite sex partners

New cards
30

Beta

awake, alert, or REM stage

low amplitude, high frequency

New cards
31

Alpha

awake, resting, or drowsy state

low amplitude, high frequency

New cards
32

Theta

typical of early stages of sleep

NREM

moderate amplitude, moderate frequency

New cards
33

Delta

deep stages of sleep

REM

large amplitude, low frequency

New cards
34

Refraction of Index

intrinsic property of tissue

New cards
35

Buffering capacity

+/- 1 pH unit from pKa

New cards
36

50S

large subunit of bacterial ribosome

New cards
37

60S

large ribosomal subunit of eukaryotic cells

New cards
38

70S

intact prokaryotic ribosomes

New cards
39

80S

intact eukaryotic ribosomes

New cards
40

Desmosomes

anchoring junctions bind to adjacent cells like Velcro

New cards
41

Tight Junctions

impermeable junctions

New cards
42

Gap Junctions

allow for intercellular communication

New cards
43

External motivation

social pressure, form of extrinsic motivation

New cards
44

Base Rate Fallacy

error people make when they ignore the base rates

New cards
45

Hindsight Bias

tendency for a person to overestimate how well he or she could have predicted an outcome

New cards
46

Observer Bias

bias by observer contaminated results

New cards
47

Public Verifiability

reason other scientists are attempting to replicate original findings

New cards
48

Distress

behavior demonstrates unusual or prolonged levels of stress

New cards
49

Maladaptiveness

behavior negatively impacts the person’s life or poses a threat

New cards
50

Statistical Deviancy

takes into account if the behavior is statistically rare

New cards
51

Variation of Social Norms

takes into account if the behavior violates social norms

New cards
52

Affective component of behavior

emotional experience evoked by the attitude object

New cards
53

Behavioral component of behavior

typical responses made when the individual is in the presence of the attitude object

New cards
54

Cognitive component of behavior

individual’s beliefs about the attitude object

New cards
55

Life course persepective

various stages of life and their impact on each other

New cards
56

Social Epidemiology

social determinants of health and disease

New cards
57

Galvanic Cell

Cathode: +

Anode: -

New cards
58

Electrolytic/Voltaic Cell

Cathode: -

Anode: +

New cards
59

Constitutional Isomers

Not the same connectivity but same number of atoms

New cards
60

Conformational Isomers

compounds can be interconverted by rotation about single bonds

New cards
61

Geometric Isomers

Isomerism at double bond (cis/trans)

New cards
62

Optical Isomers

differential ability to rotate plane polarized light

New cards
63

Enantiomers

non-superimposable mirror images

New cards
64

Diastereomers

not mirror images, differ in their chiral designation at least one (but not all) stereocenters

New cards
65

James-Lange

arousal → heart pounding, sweating → fear (emotion)

New cards
66

Cannon-Bard

arousal → heart pounding, sweating & fear (emotion) simultaneously

New cards
67

Schacter-Singer

arousal → heart pounding, sweating & cognitive label (I’m scared) → fear (emotion)

New cards
68

Sensorimotor (0-2 yrs)

Object Permanence

New cards
69

Preoperational (2-7 yrs)

Egocentrism

New cards
70

Concrete Operational (7-11 yrs)

Conservation of Mass

New cards
71

Formal Operational (12+)

Deductive Reasoning, Theoretical thought, etc.

New cards
72

Deductive reasoning

general to specific

New cards
73

Inductive reasoning

specific to general

New cards
74

Illness Experience

how a person adjusts to interruptions in their health. Understand and cope with their illness which impacts their self identity. Experience the symptom and assume and the sick role.

New cards
75

Sick Role

ill individuals have certain rights and responsibilities. Ill person cannot fulfill the same duties that a healthy person can, they express a certain level of social deviance

New cards
76

Folkways

Right vs. Rude

New cards
77

Mores

Right vs. Wrong

New cards
78

Taboos

Right vs. Forbidden

New cards
79

Laws

Right vs. Illegal

New cards
80

E=

hf

New cards
81

c=

lambda*v

New cards
82

W (block on slope)

W=F*d

Ff=Fn * muk

Fn= mgcos(theta)

Ff=mgcos(theta)*muk

W=mgcos(theta)*muk*d

New cards
83

Mean

average score

New cards
84

Mode

frequent response

New cards
85

Median

midpoint of all scores

New cards
86

Standard Deviation

variance, consistency of responses

New cards
87

Weber’s Law

constant ratio between change in stimulus magnitude needed to produce the JND and the magnitude of the original stimulus

New cards
88

Absolute Threshold

minimum stimulus that is needed to activate a sensory system

New cards
89

Just Noticeable Difference

refers to the minimum difference in magnitude between two stimuli before one can perceive this difference

New cards
90

Signal Detection Theory

changes in our perception of a stimulus can be dependent on internal and external factors

New cards
91

Source Monitoring Errors

made when memory is not updated

New cards
92

Categorization

semantic memory

New cards
93

Short Term Memory

20 seconds

New cards
94

Hawthorne Efffect

change in behavior when participant knows they are being watched, WON’T result in behavior that you think the researcher would approve of

New cards
95

Demand Characteristics

research design provides cues to the participants regarding the hypothesis

New cards
96

Secure Attachment

children use the caregiver as a secure base to explore the room. Comforted by parent and show preference for caregiver

New cards
97

Avoidant Attachment

kid doesn’t care when the parent leaves and/or comes back

New cards
98

Resistant/Ambivalent Attachment

kid cares when the parent leaves but doesn’t care when they come back-care is inconsistent

New cards
99

Frontal Lobe

specialized motor control, learning, planning, and speech

New cards
100

Parietal Lobe

somatic/voluntary sensory functions

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 96 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 28 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 51 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard45 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard240 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard68 terms
studied byStudied by 471 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(7)
flashcards Flashcard74 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard44 terms
studied byStudied by 20 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 44 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard34 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 659 people
Updated ... ago
4.6 Stars(15)