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art came from the latin word “ars” meaning skill. In this sense, we could say that art is a skill using different materials or media to represent and idea or concept

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170 Terms

1

art came from the latin word “ars” meaning skill. In this sense, we could say that art is a skill using different materials or media to represent and idea or concept

ART

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Art forms are primarily influenced by the geographical location and the experiences of the Filipinos (Luzviminda & Sayseng,

2016). In this time, the purpose of arts is integral to life. Arts reflected the pagan beliefs and practices, everyday activity such as fishing and farming, and specific decorative art pattern to the community.

ETHNIC TRADITION

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is found in Manungeul Cave, Lipuun Point, Palawan in the early 1960s.

Manungguljar is a burial jar which signifies the belief of early Filipino in life after death.

MANUNGGUL JAR - ETHNIC

TRADITION

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is Tualatin

Binangonan, Rital It was discovered by the National Artist, Carlos "Botong" Francisco, in

1965. There are 127 human and animal figures engraved on the rock wall

ANGONO PETROGLYPHS - ETHNIC

TRADITION

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Banga or pot dance is a performance of Kalinga of the Mountain Province of the Philippines. This dance shows the elegant grace of Igorot tribe and the skill and strength of women.

Dalupa Dance Troupe - ETHNIC TRADITION

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•Art forms were primarily

influenced by religion and

secularization. In this

time, Spaniards used arts

to propagate the Catholic

faith.

Spanish Colonial Tradition

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This wall painting by

Josef Luciano Dans will

be found in St. James

the Apostle Church in

Paete, Laguna. This

painting was dated

1850 and depicts the

heaven, crucifixion of

Christ; earth, Adan and

Eve; and hell, sinners

with different

transgressions.

Langit, lupa, at Impyerno

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is located in Burgos,

Vigan City, Ilocos

Sur. The original

structure was built

in 1574 and

replaced as a church

in 1641. The

cathedral follows a

Baroque

architectural design.

St. Paul

Metropolitan

Cathedral

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refers

to the practice of

art from 1860s to

1960s. the main

theme of art works

in this time is

national identity.

Modern Art

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This painting was made

by Fernando Amorsolo,

“Grand Old Man of

Philippine Art” and born

in Manila. It shows a

reminder of the reminder

of traditions and customs

of the Filipino.

The Making of the Philippine

Flag by Fernando Amorsolo

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Carlos “Botong” Francisco

was born in Angono, Rizal.

This painting by him was

dated in 1962. This mural

painting of Carlos “Botong”

Francisco shows the Filipino’s

bayanihan tradition. This also

shows the distinctive style of

Francisco’s painting that

showcased his mastery in

arts.

Bayanihan by Carlos

“Botong” Francisco

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Contemporary art refers to

the practice of art from

1970s to the present.

Contemporary arts mirror

contemporary culture and

society. Diverse and

emerging art practices were

being introduced in this era.

Contemporary

Arts

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Federico Aguilas

Alcuaz was born in

Santa Cruz, Manila.

Cinco Marias (Tres

Marias Series) depicts

the variety of

domestic activities

(Guillermo, 2007).

Cinco Marias (Tres Marias Series)

by Federico Aguilar Alcuaz

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Leeroy New is one of the

Philippines contemporary artists.

He is born in General SANTOS

City. This art installation of

Leeroy New was made for the La

Milagrosa Festival in Ilocos

Norte. According to Leeroy New,

the art installation symbolizes

the great festivals, feasts and

celebrations (Lapeña, 2012)

Art Installation in

Sand Dunes of Paoay

by Leeroy New

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Elements

of

Art

LINE. SHAPE AND MASS. COLOR. VALUE. TEXTURE.

SPACE. TIME AND MOTION

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LINE

refers to a prolongation of a point, or a mark on a surface.

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Different types of lines may convey different meanings.

Horizontal line

Vertical lines

Diagonal lines

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usually suggests calmness

Horizontal line

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may convey strength

Vertical lines

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create an impression of action

Diagonal lines

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refers to an area of boundaries identified or drawn using lines.

SHAPE and MASS

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shape has two dimensional figures with height and width. There are different kinds of shapes and these are geometric shapes (triangle, squares, rectangle, etc.), organic shapes (shapes found in nature, e.g. shape of a leaf or cloud), abstract shapes (asymmetrical and free flowing shapes). Meanwhile, forms are three dimensional figures. Its dimensions are height, width, and volume. Unlike shapes, it has more depth.

SHAPE AND FORMS

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refers to visual perception that allows a person to differentiate objects due

to the way various wavelenghts of light are reflected. This is the important

element because it can communicate information and emotion to the viewer.

COLOR

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Hue

Saturation

Value

Three Properties Of Color

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refers to the basic or pure color.

Hue

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refers to brightness and dullness of color. Also

referred to as purity of the color.

Saturation

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refers to the lightness and darkness. A light or tint

color is the result of adding white to a hue, while a dark

color or shade results from adding black to hue.

Value

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is an arrangement of primary, secondary, and tertiary colors is an

important tool used in a certain artwork.

COLOR WHEEL

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this color scheme involves using the

same hue but with different gradient.

Monochromatic

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entails the use of three or four adjacent colors

in the color wheel.

Analogous

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involves the use of a color and its

complement(color located opposite of the first color)

Complementary

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close relative to the

complementary. Uses two colors adjacent to the complement.

Split-complementary

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color scheme uses three colors that are of equal

distance with each other.

triadic

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known as double complementary color scheme,

this uses two pairs of complementary colors.

tetradic

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ACHROMATIC

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term image

DIRECT

COMPLEMENTARY

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BASED

ON ONE COLOR

MONOCHROMATIC

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color is associated with the natural phenomenon in our environment. Scientifically, when a light passes through a prism, it will produce different hues of different wavelengths. These colors may pertain to lightness, darkness, coolness, or warmth.

COLOR

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value is considered a property of a color which pertains to its lightness or darkness

VALUE

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texture is the element that appeals to our sense of feel on things, rough, smooth, bumpy, or slippery. It pertains to the surface of an art piece.May also be described as actual or implied. Implied texture can be exhibited, for instance, in a painting of fur of an animal.

TEXTURE

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In visual arts, space pertains to

emptiness which may either be

positive space or negative space.

Positive space refers to a part

which is enclosed in a shape, while

negative space refers to the

opposite part which the shape is

enclosing.refers to the area that is occupied by an object or subject, as

well as the area surrounding of it.

SPACE

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utilizes

the properties of light and air in depicting

the illusion of distance

Atmospheric Perspective

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involves the use of

vanishing points and receding hidden lines

Linear Perspective

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In arts,

movement is the

illusion of motion

in a painting,

sculpture design,

or in a piece of

art.

MOVEMENT

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Movement can either be

an illusion or an actual

motion.

Time and Motion

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refers to the relationship of the size of elements in a body of art. For example, when drawing a human standing beside a house, it is important to ensure that the size of the human is proportional to the size of the house.

PROPORTION

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the unity of the artwork, specifically about the arrangement of the related elements

HARMONY

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referred to as diversity. This means adding multiple, different elements to break the monotony of an artwork and make it more interesting.

VARIETY

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This refers to the repetition of certain elements to produce a pattern. In visual arts, repeated design elements may create a certain flow and may lead the viewer's eyes.

Rhythm

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refers to the even and equal distribution of elements.

Balance

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is a principle that may refer to the greater impact given on a certain element.

Emphasis

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is influenced by the economic, social, political, and

environmental context in which the artist is immersed in.

It can be said that Contemporary Art is the artist’s

expression of his perception and comprehension of these

contexts.

Contemporary Art

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are categories of artistic creation and are characterized by

similarities in form, style, or subject matter. Many other genres came

up which include pure are forms as well as mixed art forms.

Genres

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• Pop Art

• Word Art

• Conceptual Art

• Installation Art

• Photorealism

• Contemporary

Realism

• Graffiti Art

Visual Arts

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• Music

• Theater Art

• Dance

Performance Arts

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• Video Art

• Photography

• Computer Art

• Film and

Broadcasting Art

• Architecture,

Design, and Allied

Art

Applied Arts

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• Illustrated Novel

• Digi-Fiction

• Graphic Novels

• Manga

• Doodle Fiction

• Text-Talk Novels

Literary Arts

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is an art movement that emerged in

the 1950s and flourished in the 1960s in

America and Britain, drawing inspiration

from sources in popular and commercial

culture. Pop art emerged in reaction to

consumerism, mass media, and popular

culture.

Pop Art

It uses bright colours and takes

a lot of its techniques and

subject matter from everyday,

modern life.

It incorporated commonplace objects—

comic strips, soup cans, newspapers, and

more—into their work. The Pop art

movement aimed to solidify the idea that

art can draw from any source, and there is

no hierarchy of culture to disrupt this.

Pop Art

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The term "word art" describes a category of

text-based postmodernist art employed by

several contemporary artists since the 1950s.

A simple definition of text-based art might

read: "art that includes words or phrases as

its primary artistic component".

Word Art

artworks that include words or phrases

because of their ideological meaning, iconic

status or significance as advertising copy.

Word Art

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is a form of art in which the concept is paramount to the visual or

sensory components of the finished artwork. This type of art emphasizes the

importance of an idea or concept over technique and aesthetic, largely used to

express the abstract.

Conceptual art can look or be nearly anything the artist decides. Unlike other forms

of art, it is not defined by physical forms, but rather the foundation of a concept

that serves as the engine of creating art.

Conceptual Art

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The term installation art is used to describe

large-scale, mixed-media constructions,

often designed for a specific place or for a

temporary period of time

Installation Art

installation art is a term generally used to

describe artwork located in three-

dimensional interior space as the word

"install" means putting something inside of

something else.

Installation Art

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is a painting style that emerged in

Europe and the USA in the late 1960s,

characterised by its painstaking detail

and precision

Photorealism

(also known as Hyperrealism or

Superrealism) was coined in

reference to those artists whose

work depended heavily on

photographs, which they often

projected onto canvas allowing

images to be replicated with

precision and accuracy.

Photorealism

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Contemporary realism is an art

movement that celebrates

representational, well-executed

paintings created with high

technical skill.

Contemporary realism claims that

our time is now, and helps others

see the interest and fragile

beauty of our own day.

Contemporary Realism

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Graffiti (also called "Street Art",

"Spraycan Art", "Subway Art" or

"Aerosol Art") is a form of visual

communication created in public

places. Graffiti is differentiated

from street art or graffiti art in

that it is usually illegally produced

and often involves the unauthorized

marking of public or private spaces

by individuals or groups.

Graffiti Art

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blues, secular folk music created by African Americans in the early

20th century, originally in the South. The simple but expressive forms

of the blues became by the 1960s one of the most important influences

on the development of popular music—namely, jazz, rhythm and blues,

rock, and country music—throughout the United States.

Blues

Blues is both a musical form and a musical genre. Blues gets its name

from its original association with melancholy subjects and sounds:

when we have ‘the blues’, we’re feeling sad. However, blues has since

developed to address other subjects and emotions, adopting a wider

purpose of ‘chasing the blues away’ with music.

Blues

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music performed using synthesizers and other electronic

instruments.

• Electronic music can be characterized as a genre of music

created and produced by using electronic and

electromechanical music instruments, various digital

instruments or so-called circuitry-based music technology

Electronic Music

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Experimental music is an umbrella label for a diverse array

of contemporary music, from classical and jazz to

electronic music, that differs, often radically, from

traditional forms of popular music in its composition,

performance, and production.

• It defies most traditional genre classifications

Experimental Music

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Funk music is a dance music genre that incorporates

elements from soul, blues, and jazz.

• Funk originated in African American communities in New

Orleans and led to the birth of an aggressive dance style.

• It’s characterized by having strong bass lines and drum

beats with several instruments that create a rhythm

towards a groove.

Funk Music

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Hip-hop is a genre of music most often characterized by a

strong, rhythmic beat and a rapping vocal track.

• is a form of popular culture which started among young

black people in the United States in the 1980s. It includes

rap music and graffiti art.

Hip-hop Music

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Jazz is a harmonically sophisticated genre of music based

on improvisation, and it’s one of the quintessential

American art forms.

• Jazz is a kind of music in which improvisation is typically

an important part. In most jazz performances, players play

solos which they make up on the spot, which requires

considerable skill.

Jazz Music

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Metal music is a genre that branches off rock,

best known for powerful drumming, aggressive

vocals, distorted guitar chords, and low-range

bass notes.

Metal Music

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It is the most mainstream musical genre. It’s easy to define and

recognize, as it’s often associated with catchy melodies,

repetitive beats and simple lyrics that are easy to understand

Pop Music

Example

Songs that become hits almost always share certain features

that are sometimes called the pop-music formula. They have

a good rhythm, a catchy melody, and are easy to remember

and sing along to. They usually have a chorus that's repeated

several times and two or more verses. Most pop songs are

between two and five minutes long, and the lyrics are usually

about the joys and problems of love and relationships.

Pop Music

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Rock music, also called rock and roll, rock & roll, or rock 'n' roll, is a

form of popular music that emerged in the 1950s and is defined as

“a form of music with a strong beat”

Rock Music

Example

Rock music is usually in 4/4 time and most songs use a verse-

chorus structure. It is usually performed by bands that include the

electric guitar, bass guitar and drums, and with at least one singer.

The term rock 'n' roll derives from the more literal "rocking and

rolling", a phrase used by 17th-century sailors to describe the

motion of a ship on the sea.Rock music, also called rock and roll, rock & roll, or rock 'n' roll, is a

form of popular music that emerged in the 1950s and is defined as

“a form of music with a strong beat”

Rock Music

Example

Rock music is usually in 4/4 time and most songs use a verse-

chorus structure. It is usually performed by bands that include the

electric guitar, bass guitar and drums, and with at least one singer.

The term rock 'n' roll derives from the more literal "rocking and

rolling", a phrase used by 17th-century sailors to describe the

motion of a ship on the sea.

Rock Music

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Stage-a form of drama that primarily consists of

dialogue between characters and is intended

for theatrical performance

Film-It is a form of drama that is done in movies or

television.

Street Play-Street play involves presentation in outdoor

public spaces without a specific and paying

audience but a fairly large group

Theater Art

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a group of people who organize on the Internet and then quickly assemble in a public

place, do something bizarre, and disperse.

Flash Mob

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Any form of art created with a specific practical purpose in mind

Applied Arts

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is an art form that emerged in the late 1950s and 1960s in which the

medium is based on audiovisual technology in the form of film, sculpture,

installation, video installation (multiple screens), and immersive or experiential art.

Video Art

The designs use video presentations that

can be combined with audio if that artist

so desires. Although the concept

generally takes a similar form as

television presentations or experimental

film making, it is considered a distinct art

form more aligned with painting and

photography.

Video Art

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refers to the process or practice of creating a photograph – an

image produced by the action of light on a light-sensitive material.The word photograph was coined in 1839 by Sir John Herschel and is based on the

Greek word ‘phos’, meaning ‘light’, and ‘graphê’, meaning ‘drawing’ – so ‘drawing

with light.

Photography

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Types of Photography

Non-digital photographs

Digital photography

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are produced using a two-step chemical process: light-sensitive

film captures a negative image (colors and lights/darks are inverted) from which a positive

image can be made by transferring the negative onto photographic paper (printing).

Chris Killip

North Shield Housing Estate on May 5 1981.

The day Bobby Sands’ death was announced.

(1981, printed 2012–13)

Non-digital photographs

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has led to the rise of digital prints. These prints are

created from stored graphic formats such as JPEG, TIFF, and RAW.

These can then be printed out using printers including inkjet printers, dye-

sublimation printer, laser printers, and thermal printers.

Digital photography

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Also called digital art, computer art typically uses computers and modern technology

in the creation of visual media.

• refers to art made using software, computers, or other electronic devices. Anything

produced or made on digital media, such as animations, photographs, illustrations,

videos, digital paintings, and such can be classified as digital art.

• The simplest form of such art is that which uses a computer, various input devices, and

software on the computer to create the final images.

Computer Art

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It includes direction, writing, production design, cinematography, editing, animation,

performance, and new media

• it is the distribution of audio and video content to a dispersed audience via radio,

television, or other, often digital transmission media. Receiving parties may include the

the general public or a relatively large subset of thereof.

Film and Broadcasting Arts

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group of disciplines that enables students to combine creativity and design principles,

theories, and methods in order to create a safer, more beautiful, and functional world.

Architecture, Design, and Allied Arts

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the art and technique of designing and building, as distinguished from the

skills associated with construction.Creating a beautiful structure, from the design phase, developing and building

structures or other buildings combine into what we know as architecture.

Architecture

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refers to an extended narrative with multiple images that, together with the text,

produce meaning.

• An illustrated novel is an extended narrative that relies heavily on graphics and

illustrations to push forward its plot and uses text sparingly to occupy panels or

pages,very much like a comic book.It deviates from the comic book in that, the illustrated novel is focused on the

development of one central plot in one cohesive story, instead of relying on the

serialized,"wait for the next issue" narrative style of a comic book.

Illustrated Novel

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it is fiction that is written for and read from a computer and can be web- or app-based (for

tablets and smartphones).

• in many digital fictions, the reader has a role in constructing the narrative, either by selecting

hyperlinks or by controlling a character’s journey through the storyworld.digital fictions are what are known as “born digital” – that is, they would lose something of their

aesthetic and/or structural form and meaning if they were removed from the digital medium.

Digi-Fiction

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features the use of graphic art, but in a narrative form, using the pictures to tell as story in much

the same was as does a film.

• Graphic novels are similar to comic books because they use sequential art to tell a story. Unlike

comic books, graphic novels are generally stand-alone stories with more complex plots.

Graphic Novel

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Manga is an umbrella term for a wide variety of comic books and graphic novels originally

produced and published in Japan.

• The term manga is derived from two Japanese words that include “man”, which means

whimsical or entertaining, and “ga”, which means pictures, images, or cartoons.

• Different from the American or Western world comic books that are printed in full color,

Japanese manga is always black and white. Also, Western cultures usually read from left to

right, while Japanese manga goes

Manga

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Doodle Fiction incorporates handwritten graphics in. telling the story, it is a literary

presentation where the. author incorporates doodle drawings and hand written. graphics in

place of traditional font.

Doodle Fiction

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are stories told almost entirely in dialogue simulating social exchanges.

• Narratives are usually presented in blog, email, and IM (Instant Messaging)

format.are stories told almost entirely in dialogue simulating social exchanges.

• Narratives are usually presented in blog, email, and IM (Instant Messaging)

format.

Text Talk Novel

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Appropriation is an important historical practice in art-making, in

which the artist uses a previously existing form, image or sound in

new ways. The creative effort is defined by the inspired selection

and manipulation of found materials. The end result is a strangely

familiar, yet an altogether new creation. this relates to the modifications made by the artist.

• borrows images and ideas from popular culture, advertising,

mass media, and other artists, and incorporates them into new

works of art.

Appropriation

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this refers in the use of different art mediums that are put

together.

• uses unconventional materials, mixing of unlikely materials to

produce an artwork

Hybridity

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Performance evolved to

"emphasize spontaneous elements of chance". (Walker Art Center).Interpreting various human activities such as ordinary activities such as chores, routines and rituals, to socially relevant themes such as poverty, commercialism and war.

PERFORMANCE

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Arts transforming space. For example, flash mobs, art installations in malls and parks.Site specific art forms - art form that is performed and positioned in a specific space such as public places.

SPACE

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Usage of technology in the creation and dissemination of artworks.Video phenomenon from MTV to YouTube.

Recording performances, video

TECHNOLOGY

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as it reflects the relationships built around the bonds of community and

society.

Communal nature

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Filipinos are immersed in their consciousness of themselves, their community,

and their culture.

Intuitive

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as individuals, groups of people, and events are perceived in their entirety as

well as the unitive use of art materials and forms.

Holistic

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as the artist puts more emphasis on how their artwork was made than

on the artwork itself.

Creative process

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