A&P (ch 1,3,4,5)

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Anatomy

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Tags and Description

370 Terms

1

Anatomy

Describe the structures of the body

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2

Physiology

Study of functions of anatomical structures

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3

How are anatomy and physiology inseparable?

The function always reflects the structure, the structure dictates the function

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4

Microscopic anatomy

Examines cells and molecules

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5

Gross anatomy

Examines large, visible structures

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6

Surface anatomy

Exterior features

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7

Regional anatomy (ex: thighs)

Body areas

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8

Sectional anatomy

Cross sections

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9

Systemic anatomy

organ systems

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10

clinical anatomy

medical specialties

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11

Developmental anatomy

From conception→adulthood including embryology

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12

Cell physiology

function of cells

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13

Organ physiology

function of specific organs

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14

systemic physiology

function of organ systems

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15

Pathological physiology

effects of diseases on organs/systems

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16

What are some variations in physiology?

sex, age, weight, diet, genetics, etc

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17

What happens when you don’t consider variation?

Can lead to overmedication of elderly/ medicating women based on research on men

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18

Major organs of integumentary system

Skin, hair, sweat glands, nails

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19

Major organs of skeletal system

bones, cartilages, associated ligaments, bone marrow

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20

Major organs of muscular system

Skeletal muscles and associated tendons

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21

Major organs of nervous system

Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, sense organs

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22

Major organs of lymphatic (immune) system

Spleen, thymus, lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, tonsils

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23

Major organs of respiratory system

Nasal cavities, sinuses, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, alveoli

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24

Major organs of digestive system

Teeth, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small/large intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas

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25

Major organs of urinary system

Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra

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26

Major organs of male reproductive system

testes, epididymides, ductus deferent, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, penis, scrotum

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27

Major organs of female reproductive system

Ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, labia, clitoris, mammary glands

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28

Medical terminology

terms related to body in health and disease

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29

What does the root of a term refer to?

Organ, tissue, or condition

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30

What does prefix/suffix describe?

The root

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31

Surface anatomy

Locating structures on/near the body surface

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32

Anatomical position

The common reference position

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33

Supine

lying down, face up

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34

Prone

lyying down, face down

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35

Anatomical term of forehead

Frontal

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36

nose

nasal

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37

eye

ocular/orbital

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38

ear

otic

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39

cheek

buccal

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40

neck

cervical

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41

thorax/chest

thoracic

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42

breast

mammary

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43

abdomen

abdominal

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44

navel

umbilical

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45

pelvis

pelvic

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46

hand

manual

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47

groin

inguinal

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48

pubis

pubic

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49

thigh

femmoral

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50

foot

pedal

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51

great toe

hallux

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52

toes

digits (phalanges)

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53

ankle

tarsal

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54

leg

crural

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55

kneecap

patellar

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56

thumb

pollex

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57

palm

palmar

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58

wrsit

carpal

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59

forearm

antebrachial

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60

front of elbow

antecubital

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61

arm

brachial

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62

armpit

axillary

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63

chin

mental

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64

mouth

oral

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65

face

facial

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66

skull

cranial

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67

head

cephalic

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68

shoulder

acromial

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69

back

dorsal

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70

back of elbow

olecranal

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71

loin

lumbar

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72

buttock

gluteal

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73

back of knee

popliteal

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74

calf

sural

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75

heel of foot

calcanea

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76

Abdominopelvic QUADRANTS

Right upper/lower quadrant and left upper/lower quadrant

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77

how many abdominopelvic REGIONS are there?

9

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78

What are the top left and right side of the abdominopelvic regions called?

Right/left Hypochondriac region

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79

What are the bottom left and right side of the abdominopelvic regions called?

Right/left inguinal region

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80

What are the middle left and right side of the abdominopelvic regions called?

Right/left lumbar region

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81

What’s the top of the middle of the abdominopelvic region called?

Epigastric region

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82

What’s the middle of the abdominopelvic region called?

Umbilical region

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83

What’s the bottom of the middle of the abdominopelvic region called?

Hypogastric (pubic) region

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84

Right lobe of liver, gallbladder, right kidney, portions of stomach, and small/large intestine are all part of what quadrant of the stomach?

RUQ

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85

Cecum, appendix, portions of small intestine, reproductive organs (female= right ovary; male= spermatic cord and right ureter) are all part of what quadrant of the stomach?

RLQ

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86

Left lobe of liver, stomach, pancreas, left kidney, spleen, portions of large intestines are all part of what quadrant of the stomach?

LUQ

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87

Most of small intestine/portions of large intestine, left utterer, and reproductive organs (female= left ovary; male= left spermatic cord)

LLQ

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88

Above, at a higher level ex: the head is ___ to the chest

Superior

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89

Below, at a lower level ex: the knee is ___ to the hip

Inferior

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90

Toward the point of attachment of a limb to the trunk ex: shoulder is ____ to the wrist

proximal

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91

Away from the point of attachment of a limb to the trunk ex: fingers are ___ to the wrist

distal

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92

Toward the head ex: The ____ nerves are in the head

cranial/cephalic

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93

The back surface ex: the scapula (shoulder blade) is located ____ to the rib cage

Posterior/dorsal

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94

The front surface/ belly side Ex: The umbilicus (navel) is on the _____ surface of the trunk

anterior/ventral

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95

Toward the tail (coccyx)

caudal

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96

Near/relatively close to body surface ex: the skin is ____ to underlying structures

superficial

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97

Toward the interior of the body (farther from surface)

deep

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98

Sectional anatomy

A slice through a 3D object (used to visualize internal organization)

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99

What are the 3 sectional planes?

Frontal/coronal, sagittal, transverse plane

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100

What section separates anterior and posterior portions on the body (passing through the skull)?

Frontal/coronal section

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