Upper extremity

studied byStudied by 3 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Identify the muscles that retract the scapula

1 / 214

Tags and Description

Purdue HK 302 applied clinical anatomy

215 Terms

1

Identify the muscles that retract the scapula

Trapezius

Rhomboids

New cards
2

Identify the muscles that laterally rotate the scapula

Trapezius

Serratus anterior

New cards
3

A skeletal attachment of the coracobrachialis muscle

Coracoid process of scapula

New cards
4

The accessory nerve and the anterior rami of spinal nerves C3-C4 provide innervation to the _____ muscle.

Trapezius

New cards
5
<p>What is labelled A in this photo of the posterior muscles</p>

What is labelled A in this photo of the posterior muscles

Triceps Brachii

New cards
6
<p>What is labelled B in this photo of posterior muscles?</p>

What is labelled B in this photo of posterior muscles?

Deltoids

New cards
7
<p>What is C in this photo of posterior muscles</p>

What is C in this photo of posterior muscles

Teres Major

New cards
8
<p>What is D in this photo of the posterior muscles</p>

What is D in this photo of the posterior muscles

Supraspinatus

New cards
9
<p>What is E in the photo of posterior muscles?</p>

What is E in the photo of posterior muscles?

Infraspinatus

New cards
10
<p>What is F in the photo of posterior muscles</p>

What is F in the photo of posterior muscles

Rhomboid Minor

New cards
11
<p>What is G in the photo of posterior muscles</p>

What is G in the photo of posterior muscles

Rhomboid Major

New cards
12
<p>What is H in the photo of posterior muscles</p>

What is H in the photo of posterior muscles

Latissimus dorsi

New cards
13

The innervation of the infraspinatus is provided by the

Suprascaular nerve

New cards
14

Which muscle medially rotates the humerus and prevents the humeral head from slipping forward?

Subscapularis

New cards
15

What nerve innervates the supraspinatus

Suprascapular nerve

New cards
16

The primary action of the triceps brachii

Extend elbow

New cards
17

Name a skeletal attachment of the teres minor

Lateral border of scapula

New cards
18

Skeletal attachment of the long head of the biceps brachii

Superior margin of the glenoid cavity

New cards
19

The clavicle and scapula are part of what girdle?

Shoulder

New cards
20

What is a skeletal attachment of the pectoralis minor

Ribs 3-5 and overlying fascia

New cards
21

The articulation betwen the scapula and the humerus is the ___ joint

glenohumeral

New cards
22

Which nerve innervates the deltoid muscle

axillary

New cards
23
<p>Identify the indicated muscle</p>

Identify the indicated muscle

Coracobrachialis

New cards
24

The medial and rounded hammerlike head of the clavicle is which end

sternal end

New cards
25

The lateral flattened end of the clavicle is

acromial end

New cards
26

The bone that transfers force from the arms to the axial region of the body

clavicle

New cards
27
<p>Identify the structure of the scapula indicated</p>

Identify the structure of the scapula indicated

Subscapular fossa

New cards
28

The plate like extension of the spine of the scapula that forms the apex of the shoulder

acromion

New cards
29

The arm proper, from the shoulder to the elbow

brachium

New cards
30

Name the bones found in the antebrachium region

Radius

Ulna

New cards
31
<p>Identify the structure labelled A</p>

Identify the structure labelled A

Greater Tubercle

New cards
32
<p>Identify the structure labelled B</p>

Identify the structure labelled B

Lesser tubercle

New cards
33
<p>Identify the structure labelled C</p>

Identify the structure labelled C

Deltiod tuberosity

New cards
34
<p>Identify the letter that indicates the coracobrachialis muscle</p>

Identify the letter that indicates the coracobrachialis muscle

B

New cards
35

The bone marking found on the humerus that serves as insertion for deltoid muscle

Deltoid tuberosity

New cards
36

A movement that raises a body part in the frontal plane

elevation

New cards
37

A special movement that involves an anterior movement of a body part in the transverse plane. Like pushing the mandible forward

Protraction

New cards
38

A special movement that involves posterior movement of a body part in the transverse plane

Retraction

New cards
39

A motion in which one end of an appendage is stationary while the other makes a circular motion

Circumduction

New cards
40

What is the anatomical name for the shoulder joint

Glenohumeral joint

New cards
41

The bone contained in the brachium

Humerus

New cards
42

The ring of fibrocartilage found around the margin of the glenoid cavity

glenoid labrum

New cards
43

What three ligaments support the shoulder joint

Transverse humeral ligament

Glenohumeral ligaments

Coracohumeral ligament

New cards
44

What four important muscles help stabilize the shoulder joint

Infraspinatus

Subscapularis

Teres Minor

Supraspinatus

New cards
45

The tendons of which muscles form the rotator cuff

Supraspinatus

Infraspinatus

Teres minor

Subscapularis

New cards
46

The subdeltoid, subacromial, subcoracoid, and subscapular ___ cushion muscles and tissues within the shoulder joint

New cards
47

True or false: the most common shoulder dislocation is the upward displacement of the humerus due to lack of protection superiorly by the rotator cuff

False

New cards
48

Which muscle would move your shoulder in such a way that you could reach out to open a door

pectoralis minor

New cards
49

In addition to the glenohumeral ligaments, what are the other ligaments that support the shoulder joint

Coracohumeral ligament

aaTransverse humeral ligament

New cards
50

Name the action of the serratus anterior

Protracts the scapula: fixes scapula

New cards
51

Innervation for the serratus anterior is provided by the long ___ nerve

thoracic

New cards
52

The ___ anterior muscle attaches on the ribs and insert on the medial border of the scapula

Serratus

New cards
53

The rhomboids and levator scapulae are responsible for ___ of the scapula

Medial rotation

New cards
54

The serratus anterior and the ___ muscle will depress the scapula

Trapezius

New cards
55

The rhomboids, the levator scapulae, and the superior part of the trapezius are responsible for _____ of the scapula.

Elevation

New cards
56

Which muscle would you use to produce a forceful depression of the scapula, as in the down-stroke of hammering a nail?

Trapeziius

New cards
57

Choose a skeletal attachment of the trapezius

Acromion and spine of scapula: lateral one-third of clavicle

New cards
58

Elevation and medial rotation of the scapular are actions of the __ msucles

levator scapulae

New cards
59

In addition to the supraspinatus and infraspinatus, what other muscles stabilize the shoulder joint?

Teres minor

Biceps brachii

Subscapularis

New cards
60

The levator scapulae runs from the ______ to the superior angle of the scapula.

Transverse processes of C1-C4

New cards
61

Spinal nerves C3-C4, and C5 by way of the dorsal scapular nerve innervate the _____ muscles.

Levator scapulae

New cards
62

Retraction of the scapula and bracing of the shoulder are actions of the _____ muscles.

Rhomboid major and minor

New cards
63

Innervation for rhomboideus minor is provided by the dorsal ______ nerve.

Scapular

New cards
64

Choose a skeletal attachment of the rhomboideus minor muscle.

Spinous Processes of Vertebrae C7-T1

New cards
65

A skeletal attachment for the pectoralis major muscle is the ______.

Lateral lip of the intertubercular sulcus of the humerus

New cards
66

Identify the axial muscles that act on the arm.

Latissimus dorsi

Pectoralis major

New cards
67

The medial and lateral ____ nerves provide innervation for the pectoralis major muscle.

Pectoral

New cards
68

Name the muscle that extends the shoulders when rowing and is also nicknamed the "swimmer's muscle".

Latissimus dorsi

New cards
69

Identify the actions of the pectoralis major. 

Medially rotates arm

Flexes arm

Adducts arm

New cards
70

Indicate the skeletal attachments of the latissimus dorsi

iliac crest

T7-L5 vertebrae

Floor of intertubercular sulcus of humerus

New cards
71

Innervation to the latissimus dorsi muscle is provided by the ___ nerve

Thoracodorsal

New cards
72

The bone that the deltoid, teres major, and coracobrachialis all attach to the _____.

Scapula

New cards
73

Which muscle is responsible for three different sets of movements of the arm, including flexion, medial rotation, abduction, extension and lateral rotation?

Deltoid

New cards
74

Skeletal attachments of the deltoid include the ______.

Clavicle and scapula

New cards
75

When you're walking, the teres major contributes to which part of your arm swing?

Backward swing

New cards
76

A skeletal attachment for the teres major muscle is the ______.

Medial lip of the intertubercular

New cards
77

The innervation of the teres major is provided by the lower ___ nerve

Subscapular

New cards
78

In addition to flexion and adduction of the arm, the ______ muscle also aids in deep inspiration.

Pectoralis Major

New cards
79

Name the actions of the coracobrachialis muscle.

Flexes and medially rotates arm

New cards
80

The nerve that provides innervation to the coracobrachialis is the __ nerve

Subscapular

New cards
81
<p>Identify the indicated muscle</p>

Identify the indicated muscle

Biceps Brachii

New cards
82
<p>What is A of these anterior muscles</p>

What is A of these anterior muscles

Deltoid

New cards
83
<p>What is B of these anterior muscles</p>

What is B of these anterior muscles

Pectoralis major

New cards
84
<p>What is C of these anterior muscles</p>

What is C of these anterior muscles

Biceps Brachii

New cards
85

When you're carrying a heavy suitcase, which muscle resists the tendency of the humeral head to slip down out of socket?

Supraspinatus

New cards
86
<p>Identify the indicated muscle of the scapula</p>

Identify the indicated muscle of the scapula

Subscapularis

New cards
87

Name the muscle that originates on the supraspinous fossa and inserts on the greater tubercle of the humerus.

Supraspinatus

New cards
88

What are the three ligaments that support the shoulder joint?

Glenohumeral ligaments

Coracohumeral ligament

Transverse humeral ligament

New cards
89
<p>What os the indicated muscle of the shoulder</p>

What os the indicated muscle of the shoulder

Deltoid

New cards
90
<p>Identify the letter in the figure that indicates the pectoralis major muscle</p>

Identify the letter in the figure that indicates the pectoralis major muscle

C

New cards
91
<p>The muscle indicated in the figure of the upper torso is</p>

The muscle indicated in the figure of the upper torso is

Teres Major

New cards
92
<p>Identify the letter in the figure that indicates the teres minor muscle</p>

Identify the letter in the figure that indicates the teres minor muscle

C

New cards
93
<p>Identify the letter in the figure that indicates the infraspinatus muscle</p>

Identify the letter in the figure that indicates the infraspinatus muscle

C

New cards
94
<p>Identify the letter that indicates the triceps brachii muscle</p>

Identify the letter that indicates the triceps brachii muscle

D

New cards
95

Name the muscle that rotates the humerus laterally and prevents the humeral head from slipping upward.

Infraspinatus

New cards
96

The tendon of which muscle helps form the rotator cuff?

Subscapularis

New cards
97

Choose a skeletal attachment of the infraspinatus muscle.

Infraspinous fossa of scapula

New cards
98

Holding the head of the humerus in the glenoid cavity is accomplished by the ______.

rotator cuff muscles

New cards
99
<p>Identify the indicated muscle on the illustration of the shoulder and arm</p>

Identify the indicated muscle on the illustration of the shoulder and arm

Supraspinatus

New cards
100

The nerve that provides the innervation of the teres minor is which nerve?

axillary

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 34 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 60 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 12357 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(80)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard25 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard34 terms
studied byStudied by 32 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard29 terms
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard54 terms
studied byStudied by 27 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard95 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard115 terms
studied byStudied by 88 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard49 terms
studied byStudied by 80 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)