Literay Device Prep

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Literary Devices Quiz Prep.

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Literary Devices Quiz Prep.

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Situational Irony:

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Outcome varying from expectation.

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E.g. The monster says “kids are scary”

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Dramatic Irony:

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Audience knows something the characters do not.

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In Mulan, the characters think she is a man, however, the audience knows she is a woman.

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Allusion:

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Reference to famous person/event

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Pammy was as lethal as Bin Laden.

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Archetype:

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Character/structure that is typical or well known.

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Pammy had once again killed a devious child. (Pammy is well known for killing children).

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Cliche:

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Expression that loses meaning through overuse

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“Think outside the box!”

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Setting:

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Time and place where an event in a novel takes place

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Outer space, the ocean, a boat, a moving vehicle, a city, someone's house.

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Point of View:

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The perspective the reader looks at the novel.

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First, second, third person omnipotent, third person limited.

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Imagery:

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Words creating a picture in the readers’ mind.

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The grass tickled his skin and sweat cooled on his brow.

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Symbolism:

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When an inanimate object/idea represents something more.

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Pammy’s knife symbolises the murder of her parents.

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Alliteration:

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Same starting sound in three or more words in a row.

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Pammy pooped pennies and powerfully peed pandas.

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Analogy:

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Similarities between two things with two unlike things.

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Apostrophe:

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Speaker talks to something or someone not present.

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“Dad, I know you are in a better place.”

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Antithesis:

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Literally opposite: contrasts.

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Hope for the best; prepare for the worst.

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Anthropomorphism:

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Giving animals, gods, or objects human qualities.

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The cow yelled “MOOOOO!” after giving birth to twins.

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Assonance:

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Repetition of vowel sounds throughout a poem.

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He claps his hands and stamps his feet.

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Cacophony:

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Harsh sounding words or letters.

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“Beware the Jabberwock, my son! The jaws that bite the claws that catch!”

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Characterization:

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Construction of a character’s personality and appearance.

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“Bill was short and fat, and his bald spot was widening with every passing year.”

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Consonance:

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Repetition of consonant sounds.

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Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.

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Deus ex machina:

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Latin for “god of machine:” unexpected outcome coming without development.

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Ending a story with “it was all a dream”

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Diction:

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The use of words the author purposely incorporates to create effect.

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“I will address that issue right away.” (formal)

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Dynamic character:

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Character that goes through change.

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At the start of the novel, Tommy was weak, but after training for 23 years, he was strong.

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Enjambment:

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Line continuing after a line break.

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So much depends upon // a red wheelbarrow.

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Foreshadowing:

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Clue author gives on something that will happen later.

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“I have bad luck with pretty girls”

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Hyperbole:

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Extreme exaggeration

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I ate 1000 burgers before coming here!

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