Chapter 11: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

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The ________ guarantees that the government can not take private property for public use without providing just compensation for it.

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1

The ________ guarantees that the government can not take private property for public use without providing just compensation for it.

Fifth Amendment

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2

The ________ (1920) gave women the right to vote.

Nineteenth Amendment

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3

The ________: guarantees the right to practice any religion or no religion at all.

Free Exercise Clause

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4

First ________ guarantees right to assemble and petition government.

Amendment

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5

The ________ (1972) required schools to give all boys and girls an equal opportunity to participate in sports programs.

Omnibus Education Act

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6

The ________ outlawed poll taxes in federal elections, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 allowed federal registrars to register voters and outlawed discriminatory voter registration tests.

Twenty Fourth Amendment

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7

________ prohibits sex- based discrimination in federally funded education programs, and the Civil Rights Act of 1991 made it easier for individuals to bring suit against employers with discriminatory hiring practices.

Title IX

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8

________ could not be used as a factor in admissions to achieve student body diversity, prevent a hostile environment, counteract the law school's reputation, or end the effects of past discrimination by institutions other than the law school.

Race

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9

________ refer to the freedoms and rights that individuals have as citizens of a country.

Civil liberties

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10

No ________: Individuals can not be punished without a trial.

bills of attainder

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11

The ________ of 1964 banned job discrimination on the basis of gender.

Civil Rights Act

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12

________: ________ protect rights through the use of judicial review.

Court decisions

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13

________ (1973)- continuation of constitutional right of privacy for a woman to determine whether to terminate a pregnancy, recognizing state's compelling interest in maternal life and health.

Roe v Wade

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14

Letter from a(n) ________ "is King's response to a letter published in a newspaper criticizing the demonstrations.

Birmingham Jail

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15

The ________ is the fastest- growing minority in America.

Hispanic population

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16

________, Jr. was arrested in 1963 for leading public demonstrations in Birmingham, Alabama.

Dr Martin Luther King

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17

________: ________ are laws that set limits or boundaries on one persons rights over anothers or bring balance between the rights of individuals and the interests of society.

Legislative actions

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18

________: It refers to using actions and symbols to convey an idea rather than words.

Symbolic speech

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19

The ________ (1963) made it illegal to base an employees pay on race, gender, religion, or national origin.

Equal Pay Act

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20

The ________ (1988) allowed Native Americans to have gaming operations (casinos) on their reservations, creating an economic boom in many tribes.

Indian Gaming Regulatory Act

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21

The ________ abolished slavery, the Fourteenth Amendment defined citizenship and equal protection, and the Fifteenth Amendment prohibited denying the right to vote based on race.

Thirteenth Amendment

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22

Trial by jury: This is the right to a trial by a(n) ________.

jury of peers

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23

The ________ in Employment Act (1991) required employers to justify gender discrimination in hiring and job performance.

Womens Equity

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24

________ are guaranteed by the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, added after the Civil War to protect the rights of former slaves and prevent discrimination by states.

Civil rights

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25

The ________ of 1957 created the Civil Rights Division and prohibited preventing a person from voting in federal elections.

Civil Rights Act

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26

This means that an individual must be brought before the court and informed of charges against them

Writ of habeas corpus

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27

This is the right to a trial by a jury of peers

Trial by jury

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28

This amendment provided for the expansion of individual rights.The Supreme Court has interpreted the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to apply the guarantees of the Bill of Rights to state and local governments

The Fourteenth Amendment

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