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visigoths

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visigoths

western goths

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ostrogoths

eastern goths, western goths that were conquered by the huns first. converted to arianism by visigoths

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scandinavia (scanda)

place where goths are originally from

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theodoric

King of Ostrogoths, opposed odacer, raised imperial court and made goths and romans live together, moved capital to Ravenna, sets out for italy, conquers italy from the germans, was never conquered in his lifetime,

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vandals

One of a group of Germanic tribes who invaded and destroyed territory in the Roman empire, strong arians

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goths

who won in the war against the vandals and goths

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lake maeotis

lake north of the black sea

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scythia

Area north of Danube river.

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sea of pontus

scythia is above this

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mars

roman god that the goths worshipped and offered human sacrifices to

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bows with chords

the ostrogoths made this weapon

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amazons

Warrior women of Scythia, married scythian men, kept the female children and gave male children to the men to raise, gained control over kingdoms of asia, built a temple for diana in ephesus, they hated having children, known for their cruelty, helped the trojans

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Tanausis

king of the goths, prevented the egyptians from advancing, pursued the egyptians back to the banks of the nile, worshipped as a god after his death

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cyrus the great

goes against the Getae and their queen Tomyris. She permits the parthians to come into their kingdom because she wanted to defeat them in battle rather than by advantage of position. He dies in this battle. his people are plundered after

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moesia

region situated in balkans south of the danube

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darius

persian king who wanted to marry daughter of the king of the goths. the goths didn't want this alliance so when she said no he waged war against them. never won before he died

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xerxes

son of darius who wanted to avenge his father's loss against the goths. sent ships with armies to the gothic lands but returned before ever fighting because he was too scared

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ostrogotha

king of goths that waged war with moesia

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philip

only christian roman ruler before constantine, was attacked by ostrogotha and the goths

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decius

sent by philip to try to prevent ostrogotha from attacking, became emperor and was slain by the goths

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maximian

the co- emperor that took the western providences while Diocletian had the eastern,

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diocletian

Roman emperor who divided the empire into a West and an East section. took the eastern section

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constantinople

city the goths built

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fastida

king of the gepidae who battled against visigoths and lost

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pannonia

land that constantine gave to the vandals where they lived for 60 years as subjects of the romans

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gaul

Modern day France, where the visigoths end up settling

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adrianople

fought between Roman army led by Emperor Valens and Gothic rebels led by Fritigern. battle is considered the start of the fall of the western roman empire,

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huns

large nomadic group from northern Asia who invaded territories extending from China to Eastern Europe. They virtually lived on their horses, herding cattle, sheep, and horses as well as hunting. excellent calvary and archers. conquered the gothic ostrogoths first

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fritigern

Leader of the Goths who defeated the Romans at Adrianople.the romans hosted a feast with the visigoths while planning a plot to kill him but it was uncovered

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arianism

the visigoths were converted to this when they moved to Thrace and Moesia by the romans

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famine

this came upon the visigoths when they were not settles into thrace and moesia

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sold children into slavery

the visigoths did then when the famine came because they could not provide enough food for their family. they said this was better than dying

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killed the romans and rescued his people

fritigern uncovered the plan of the romans and so he did this

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overtook roman area and plundered

after the plot against fritigern, the visigoths did this to the romans

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killed roman emperor valens

the visigoths did this while overtaking roman area when they set fire to a small hut

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emperor gratian and theodosius

emperors after Valens that took over. they were good leaders who wanted to attack the goths and drive them away from thrace

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gratian

Western Emperor who co ruled with theodosius, made a truce between visigoths and romans

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peace through provisions

the goths acted with greater courage. they divided and went to fight the romans. The romans and goths made ____________ through ___________. this was started by gratian and fritigern

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theodosius

Emperor of the Roman Empire who made Christianity the official religion of the empire.

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king athenaric

next gothic ruler after fritigern

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gothic army submitted to romans

athanaric and theodosius became great companions and formed alliances to that the __________ submitted to _______________

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allies

the visigoths and the romans could be called this under theodosius

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alaric

A visigoths general who sacked Rome, he dies shortly after

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honorius

roman emperor who tried to give the visigoths spain and gaul,

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stilicho

Roman general under honorius who was major rival of Alaric, his army was almost completely exterminated

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battle of Polentia

battle between stilicho and alaric. it was the first gothic invasion of italy,

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valentinian III

Western Roman emperor, during his reign they fought the huns, sent pope leo to convince attila to retreat, was assassinated after he had aetius killed by aetius' supporters

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gaiseric

king of the Vandals who seized Roman lands and invaded North Africa, sacks rome after the battle of the catalaunian plains

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aetius

western Roman general under valentinian III who stopped Attila the Hun in the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains

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atilla

leader of the huns who fought against the visigoths and romans in the battle of the catalaunian plains, died of a nosebleed, killed his brother for more power, wanted to attack rome but was stopped by pope leo and convinced not to after what happened to Alaric

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bleda

Attila's brother whom attila killed for more power

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theodorid

leader of visigoths who allies with the romans against the huns in the battle of the catalaunian plains, fell off his horse and was trampled by his own army

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honoria

Sister of Emperor Valentinian III that disobeyed her brother's command to marry a senator and asked for the help of Attila, who wanted the West as a dowry.

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Catalaunian Plains

the battle between basically everyone in the east against the huns, the romans/visigoths reached the top first, winning the battle

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pope leo I

was sent by valentinian to persuaded Attila not to attack Rome

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orestes

roman general who gained control of roman army. he killed the emperor and caused 10 year old Augustulus to be new roman emperor

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ruas and octar

atilla's uncles, when they died attila and bleda succeeded the throne

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odoacer

Barbarian leader who led that final invasion of Rome; overthrew the Roman emperor

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Romulus Augustulus

Last emperor before the fall of Rome

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zeno

eastern roman emperor while the west fell

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