Bio-335 module 9

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Tags and Description

103 Terms

1

AAA

abnormal aortic aneurysm

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2

A-fib

atrial fibrillation

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3

anastomosis

creation of an opening between two normally separate structures

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4

aneurysm

bulge in a blood vessel

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5

Angina Pectoris

oppressive pain in the chest caused by irregular blood flow to the heart

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6

Angiodema

blood vessel tumor

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7

Angiogenesis

development of blood vessels

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8

angiogram

record of the blood vessels

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9

angioplasty

surgical reconstruction of a blood vessel

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10

antianginal

drug that prevents or relieves the symptoms of angina pectoris

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11

antiarrhythmic

drug that opposes an irregular heartbeat

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12

anticoagulant

drug that opposes the coagulation of the blood

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13

antihypertensive

drug that opposes high blood pressure

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14

antilipidemic

promoting a reduction of lipid levels in the blood

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15

aortic aneurysm

bulging or swelling of the aorta

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16

aortic regurgitation

backward flow of blood that occurs when the aortic valve does not close tightly

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17

aortic stenosis

narrowing of the aorta

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18

aortogram

record of the aorta

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19

arrhythmia/dysrhythmia

irregular heartbeat

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20

arteriogram

record of an artery

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21

arteriosclerosis

hardening of an artery

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22

atrial fibrillation

quivering or spontaneous contraction of muscle fibers in the heart's atrium

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23

atrial septal defect (ASD)

flaw in the septum that divides the two atria of the heart

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24

BP

blood pressure

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25

Bradycardia

slow heart beat

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26

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft

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27

CAD

coronary artery disease

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28

cardiac arrest

cessation of functional circulation

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29

cardiac catheterization

process of inserting a tube (catheter) into the heart

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30

cardiomegaly

enlarged heart

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31

cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

basic life support

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32

cardiothoracic surgery

surgery that involves cutting through the patient's chest to get to the heart

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33

cardiotonic

drug that increases the strength of the heart contractions

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34

cardiotoxic

poisonous to the heart

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35

cardioversion

returning a heart to normal rhythm

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36

carditits

inflammation of the heart

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37

CHF

congestive heart failure

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38

CO

cardiac output

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39

congenital heart defects

flaw in the structure of the heart present at birth

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40

congestive cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy

heart cavity is unable to pump all the blood out of itself (congestive) and becomes stretched (dilated), which causes weak/slow pumping of blood

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41

congestive heart failure

heart failure characterized by the heart cavity being unable to pump all the blood out of itself

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42

coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)

borrowed piece of blood vessel used to bypass a blocked artery in the heart

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43

coronary circulation

circulation of blood from the heart to the heart muscle

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44

coronary thrombosis

obstruction of a coronary artery by a clot

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45

Cyanosis

a bluish appearance to the skin; a sign that the tissue isn't receiving enough oxygen

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46

deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

formation of blood clots in deep veins; usually occurs in legs; pieces of clot may break away forming emboli

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47

Diaphoresis

profuse sweating

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48

diastolic pressure

pressure exerted on blood vessels when heart is relaxed

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49

DVT

deep vein thrombosis

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50

ECHO

echocardiogram

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51

EKG

electrocardiogram

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52

electrocardiogram

record of the electrical activity of the heart

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53

embolus/ embolism

blockage in a blood vessel caused by an embolus

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54

endarterectomy

surgical removal of the inside of an artery

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55

endocardium

tissue inside the heart

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56

epicardium

tissue lining the outside of the heart

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57

hemorrhage

excessive bleeding

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58

HTN

hypertension

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59

Hypertension

high blood pressure

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60

hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

heart muscle becomes enlarged and blocks blood flow

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61

hypotension

low blood pressure

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62

inferior vena cava

portion of the vena cava that gathers blood from the lower portion of the body

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63

Ischemia

blockage of blood flow to an organ

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64

MI

myocardial infarction

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65

murmur

abnormal heart sound

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66

myocardial infarction

death of heart muscle tissue

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67

myocardial ischemia

blockage of blood to the heart muscle

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68

myocarditis

inflammation of the heart muscle

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69

Myocardium

heart muscle tissue

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70

occlusion

closing or blockage of a passage

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71

palpitation

subjective experience of pounding, skipping, or racing heartbeats

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72

pericardial effusion

fluid pouring out into the tissue around the heart

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73

pericardiocentesis

puncture of the tissue around the heart

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74

pericaditis

Inflammation of the tissue surrounding the heart

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75

Pericardium

tissue around the heart

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76

phlebitis

inflammation of a vein

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77

Phlebotomist

one who draws blood

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78

phlebotomy

study of veins

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79

PTCA

percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

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80

pulmonary circulation

Circulation of blood between the heart and the lungs

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81

restrictive cardiomyopathy

heart muscle hardens, restricting the expansion of the heart, thus limiting the amount of blood it can pump to the rest of the body

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82

sonography

use of sound waves to produce diagnostic images; also called ultrasound

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83

stress electrocardiogram

records electrical signals of the heart while the patient experiences increases of exercise stress

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84

superior vena cava

portion of the vena cava that gathers blood from the upper portion of the body (head and arms)

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85

SV

stroke volume

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86

systemic circulation

circulation of blood from the heart to the rest of the body

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87

systolic pressure

pressure exerted on blood vessels when heart is contracting

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88

Tachycardia

rapid heart rate

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89

TEE

transesophageal echocardiogram

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90

thrombolytic

drug that breaks down blood clots

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91

thrombus

blood clot

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92

transesophageal echocardiogram

record of the heart using sound waves performed by inserting the transducer into the esophagus

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93

varicose veins

an enlarged, dilated vein toward the surface of the skin

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94

varicotomy

surgical removal of a varicose vein

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95

Vasoconstrictor/Vasopressor

drug that constricts or narrows the diameter of a blood vessel

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96

Vasodilators

drug that causes the relaxation or expansion of a blood vessel

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97

vasospasm

involuntary contraction of a blood vessel

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98

Vavulitis

inflammation of a heart valve

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99

vena cava

large-diameter vein that gathers blood from the body and returns it to the heart

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100

venogram

record of a vein

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