PLN 3 Reviewer

studied byStudied by 0 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Ekistics

1 / 141

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

142 Terms

1

Ekistics

science of human settlements; greek term meaning "settling down"

New cards
2

Constantinos Doxiadis

a greek architect-engineer who coined the term

New cards
3

Human settlement

inhabited by man

New cards
4

Economical realities

many of the inhabitants of human settlements do not have the means to satisfy their needs

New cards
5

Social realities

man appears lost in the big cities, abandoned by progress in many small towns and villages

New cards
6

Political realities

creation of new types of people: marginalized people, displaced people, poor, refugees, etc.

New cards
7

Technical realities

most settlements do not have the facilities indispensable to their proper functioning

New cards
8

Aesthetic realities

the ugliness of human settlements

New cards
9
  1. unprecedented increase in population

  2. impacts of machines

  3. gradual socialization

  4. growth and change

critical conditions to all cities according to Doxiadis

New cards
10

content and container

two (2) basic elements of human settlements

New cards
11
  1. man

  2. society

  3. networks

  4. shells

  5. nature

five (5) elements of human settlements or ekistic elements

New cards
12

Man

individual human being

New cards
13

Society

people and their interaction with population trends, group behavior, social customs, occupation, income, and government

New cards
14

Networks

transportation, communication and utilities support the settlements and tie them together

New cards
15

Shells

buildings and structures men built to protect himself

New cards
16

Nature

the ecosystem within which man and society operates

New cards
17

-man is becoming displaced -lack of social cohesion -lack of contact -noise, odor, and contaminated air

problems with the elements

New cards
18

Albert Schweitzer

"Man will end by destroying himself"

New cards
19
  1. unprecedented increase in population 2.tremendous rate of urbanization

  2. huge increase of the average per capital income

  3. unexpected technological progress

  4. social and political impact

Causes of problems in Human settlements

New cards
20

economists and engineer

two basic professions which could greatly contribute to the solution of the problems of human settlements

New cards
21

city officials and mayors

those responsible for the overall effort within human settlement

New cards
22

Seers

pioneer thinkers in urban planning

New cards
23

Howard, Ebenezzer

"Garden city of tomorrow"

New cards
24

Howard, Ebenezzer

first garden cities

New cards
25

Howard, Ebenezzer

the three magnets: town, country, town-country

New cards
26

Garden City of Tomorrow

one of the most important books in the history of urban planning; from it stems garden cities or new town movement

New cards
27

New Lanark

Robert Owen

New cards
28

Saltaire

Titus Salts

New cards
29

Bournville

built by chocolate manufacturer George Cadbury

New cards
30

Port Sunlight

built by chemical magnate William Lever

New cards
31

Edward Gibbon Wakefield

advocated the planned movement of population

New cards
32

James Silk Bukingham

developed the idea of a model city

New cards
33

Alfred Marshall

invented the idea of the new town

New cards
34

Town, Country, Town-Country

combine all the advantage of the town by way of accessibility; achieved by planned decentralization of workers; outside normal commuter range

New cards
35

Neighborhood unit

certain services which are provided everyday for groups of population who can't or do not travel far; central place for a small community; based on the natural catchment area of community facilities such as primary schools and local shops

New cards
36

Raymond Unwin

Letchworth and the Hampstead Garden Suburd

New cards
37

Letchworth

first garden city

New cards
38

Hampstead garden suburb

a dormitory suburb; socially mixed community, creating of a range of houses

New cards
39

Barry Parker

Wythenshawe

New cards
40

Wythenshawe

the 3rd garden city, mixture of industrial and residential areas

New cards
41

Nothing Gained by Overcrowding!

very influential pamphlet; housing should be developed at lower densities, need for public open spaces

New cards
42

New York Regional Plan

great multi-volume plan

New cards
43

Clarence Perry

developed the neighborhood unit idea

New cards
44

Clarence Stein

architect planner working in NY region, taken the concept of the neighborhood unit further; developed his own version of the garden city, include many key elements such as the superblock and cul-de-sac

New cards
45

H. Alker Trip

Town Planning and Traffic; british cities should be reconstructed on the basis of precincts

New cards
46

Patrick Abercrombie

notable contribution were made by exceeding city planning to a wider scale; prepared the Greater London Plan of 1944

New cards
47

Human ecology

relationship between man and his environment

New cards
48

Patrick Geddes

Scots biologist; Cities in Evolution; contribution to planning was the study of reality

New cards
49

Cities of Evolution

systematic study of the forces that were shaping growth and change in modern cities

New cards
50

P.G.F. Le Play

place-work-folk

New cards
51

place-work-folk

Le Play's famous triad; fundamental study of men living and on their land

New cards
52

Suburban decentralization

causing cities to spread widely

New cards
53

Lewis Mumford

Geddes's follower wrote "The Culture of Cities"

New cards
54

The Culture of Cities

the bible of the regional planning movement

New cards
55

Frank Lloyd Wright

Broadacre City

New cards
56

Broadacre City

low density urban spread; an acre of land enough to grown crops

New cards
57

Broadacre City

Single-family homes each surrounded by an acre of land, allow each family to grow food for its own consumption

New cards
58

George Eugene Hausmann

19th century reconstruction of Paris

New cards
59

Arturio Soria Y Mata

proposed to develop along an axis of high speed, high intensity transportation; The Linear City

New cards
60

The Linear City

based on a central rapid transit system

New cards
61

Tony Garnier

industrial city (Cite Industrielle)

New cards
62

Ernst May

satellite towns (Trabantenstadte)

New cards
63

Charles Edouard Jeanneret (Le Corbusier)

Swiss-born architect, one of the creators of the modern movement in architecture; Unite' d' Habitation and Punjab; The City of tomorrow and The Radiant City

New cards
64

The Radiant City

idea of a city with very high local concentrations of populations in tall building

New cards
65

Planning

ultimately a prescriptive, not a descriptive activity; require a standard of reference or a model of the planning process

New cards
66

Definitional, Substantive, Normative

range of issues of Planning Theory

New cards
67

Planning process

the core of planning theory

New cards
68

Planning theory

examines the components of the planning process; their nature, sequence and relationship

New cards
69

Planning

basic human activity; rationale choice; control of future action; special kind of problem solving; what planners do

New cards
70

Planning

noot a purely individual activity; not present-oriented; cannot be routinized; has little or nothing in common with trial-and-error; not just the imagining of desirable future

New cards
71
  1. Rationality

  2. Standards of Rationality

  3. Aggregation of Choices

features of planning process

New cards
72

Rationality

central feature of planning; choosing the best means

New cards
73

Standards of Rantionality

simplify the complexities of situations and values

New cards
74

Problem Identification > Goal Articulation > Prediction and Projection > Alternative Development > Feasibility Analysis > Evaluation > Implementation

Model of the Planning Process

New cards
75

Problem Identification

diagnosis of the problem

New cards
76

Goal Articulation

most difficult in planning is the translation of vague and general goals

New cards
77

Prediction and Projection

forecasting the outcome

New cards
78

Implementation

needs a strong political commitment

New cards
79

Urban Planning

planning with spatial or geographical component; also known as 'physical' planning (or regional planning)

New cards
80

Survey analysis plan

the classic sequence taught to all planning students

New cards
81

Traditional, Democratic, Equity, Advocacy, Incremental

kinds of Planning

New cards
82

Traditional Planning

planner prescribes both the goals of the plan and the means of attaining them; derived from standards

New cards
83

Democratic Planning

transformation of planning from a top-down approach to a participatory process; generally side with the underdog; contend with the problem of conflicting interests and must judge the legitimacy of the representatives of various clienteles

New cards
84

Equity Planning

on the substance of programs; concept contains an explicit recognition of a multiple of conflicting social interests

New cards
85

Advocacy Planning

professional planners on behalf of an organization, interest group, or community; help can be given to those bodies or interest groups who claim that their interest are damaged or inadequately represented

New cards
86

Incremental Planning

policy makers come to a decision by weighing the marginal advantaged of a limited number of alternatives

New cards
87
  1. Technocratic theory & traditional planning

  2. Democratic theory & democratic planning

  3. Socialist theory & equity planning

  4. Liberal theory & incrementalism

Four (4) types of political theory

New cards
88

Technocratic theory

desire to restore the order of the pre-industrial world; "order and progress"; progress through science and rationality tied to the constructive use of power in the form of the plan

New cards
89

Democratic theory

sovereignty emanate from the people; the planner act as delegate of the citizenry

New cards
90

Socialist theory

concerned entirely with obtaining power and benefit from the poor

New cards
91

Liberal theory

guarantee the rule of law, to defend agreed-upon procedures; act as an impartial judge or umpire

New cards
92

John Rowles

"it's not the group but the individual"

New cards
93

Poverty, Inequality, Unemployment

three (3) evils of development

New cards
94

physical, economical, allocative, innovative, indicative, imperative, normative, behavioral planning

categories and concepts of planning

New cards
95

Physical planning

spatial qualities and relationship of developments

New cards
96

Economic planning

facilitates the working of the market

New cards
97

Allocative planning

regulatory planning

New cards
98

Innovative planning

development planning

New cards
99

Indicative planning

lays down general guidelines; advisory in nature

New cards
100

Imperative planning

command planning

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 146 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 18 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 155 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard131 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard41 terms
studied byStudied by 24 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard60 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard87 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard24 terms
studied byStudied by 32 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard21 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard35 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard93 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)