SPED 304 Final Quizlet

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ADHD diagnoses are most often made by

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1

ADHD diagnoses are most often made by

physicians

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2

The IDEA definition of learning disabilities does not currently include disabilities in

social skills

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3

Who proposed the four phase model regarding dual discrepancy in RTI

Fuchs

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4

The most severe levels of disability in terms of Bower

residential and homebound

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5

Most often blamed for ED/BD

Parents

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6

The least restrictive environment for children with Asbergers to be served in is the

regular education classroom

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7

According to IDEA what percent of students are served in programs

1%

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8

Students with learning disabilities have problems with language academic learning, thinking, and

Social Skills

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9

ADHD diagnostic criteria are found in the American Psychiatric Association by

DSM-IV-TR

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10

An acquired brain injury due to an external force

Traumatic Brain Injury

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11

What was the law that replaced mental retardation with intellectual disabilities

Rosa's Law

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12

Autism characteristics are usually evident by age

3

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13

What are the three types of ADHD

inattentive, hyperactive, and combined

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14

All of the following are examples of common physical disabilities except

Learning Disability

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15

Students that lack skills formatting paragraphs have what disability?

Dysgraphia

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16

Btw 1975 and 1990 LD

increased

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17

What measures the ability of a child?

IQ test

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18

What is seen as the first step in the identification process?

RTI

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19

List the five developmental areas included in a developmental delay

physical, cognitive, social/emotional, adaptive, communication

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20

A condition that is characterized by acting without thinking

Impulsivity

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21

Instruments used to evaluate an individual's everyday functioning, and to compare that behavior with typical peers

Rating Scales

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22

A condition characterized by an unusually high level of activity and restlessness

Hyperactivity

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23

Whole-word multi sensory Fernald approach

Fernald

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24

Visual Auditory Kinesthetic Tactile

VAKT

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25

The source of the current definition of ADHD

DSM-IV-TR

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26

Assisting devices for students with visual impairments

magnifies auditory media

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27

Cancer, diabetes, epilepsy

other health impairments

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28

What does ASD stand for?

Autism Spectrum Disorders

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29

The production channel uses the functions of

Speaking and Writing

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30

The comprehension channel is used to

Receive information from the environment

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31

It is our knowledge of __ that causes us to vary our speech and writing to fit particular situations

Pragmatics

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32

Reading and listening are both __ processes

Decoding

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33

The smallest unit of a language that retains meaning is a

Morpheme

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34

Problems in syntax will create all of the following problems for the learner except

spelling problems

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35

As a group, students with intellectual disabilities tend to develop language

more slowly than their peers with qualitative differences developing later

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36

Children with emotional or behavioral disorders are more likely to display problems in

pragmatics

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37

Students with learning disabilities frequently display problems associated with

Receptive and expressive language

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38

Pragmatics is the language skill that combines

competence (or knowledge) and performance

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39

Pragmatics combines knowledge with use

True

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40

Pragmatics integrates all of the levels of language except for the use of the rules governing language in context

False

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41

Language must be correct with respect to form and content in order to be adaptive for individuals

True

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42

According to Grice a "cooperative principle" must be at work when two people engage in a communicative interaction

True

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43

Reading is the expressive language process that utilizes both visual and auditory abilities to derive meaning from language symbols found in written text

False

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44

Speaking is the expressive language process used to encode thoughts so they can be communicated orally to others

True

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45

The production channel is referred to as receptive language

False

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46

The comprehension channel is referred to as expressive language

False

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47

The linguist sees language as a set of sentences following particular rules; the functionalist sees language as a vehicle of social competence

True

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48

The communication of a personal need or imperative, followed by an indication of the intention to comply

Directive and compliance

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49

The use of a symbolic code for communicating meaningfully btw human beings

Language

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50

The extent to which an utterance can be understood

Intelligibility

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51

A statement or description followed by a statement indicating that the information has been received or is being considered

comment and acknowledgement

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52

Questioning followed by a response or expression of uncertainty

Query and response

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53

The functional use of language

pragmatics

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54

The rhythm or flown of expressive language

Fluency

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55

The single units of sound in language

Phonemes

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56

The rules governing how words are combined into sentences

Syntax

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57

The study of vocabulary

Morphology

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58

Behaviors learned through the observation of others, as well as from observing the direct consequences of those behaviors in others, is a reflection of what learning theory

social learning theory

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59

Fluency and automaticity of response is the goal of the __ stage of learning

proficiency

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60

John has passed his mastery test on his multiplication facts, demonstrating the ability to provide the correct answers reliability in less than two second. His teacher should now plan practice activities with the goal of helping him to

Retain and generalize the skill in other applications

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61

An example of extrinsic motivation is

trying to avoid punishment

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62

The intrinsic source of motivation that is least likely to provide strong motivation for students with mild disabilities is

Competence

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63

Students with mild disabilities frequently develop and retain an external locus of control; this is of concern to teachers bc

this hinders their independent learning skills and problem solving

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64

Reaching plateaus in academic learning is a serious concern primarily when working with __ age students

secondary

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65

The need of adolescents to achieve self-determination is compromised by their disabilities for all of the following reasons except

they are expected to participate in their own educational and transition planning

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66

Maximizing academic learning tie is essential for students with mild disabilities whose learning rate is generally slower than other students. Factors of concern to teachers should include all of the following except

starting school as early as possible in the morning to capitalize on the students energy

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67

Given the research in learning styles, an appropriate use of learning styles theory is to

Design instruction that provides a variety of choices for learners to develop their knowledge and skills

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68

We can only infer that learning has occurred from observing the performance and behavior of the learner

true

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69

Individuals with mild disabilities tend to believe that their efforts are relevant and determine outcomes

False

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70

Motivation only encourages one to do what one is capable of doing

True

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71

Extrinsic motivation frequently leads to significant learning

false

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72

Experiences with failure tend to result in a students lowering their goals and reducing their effort

true

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73

A history of intensive teacher help can promote learned helplessness

true

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74

individuals with mild disabilities tend to attribute their successes and failures to forces outside themselves

True

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75

problem solving and independent learning require increased levels of external locus of control

false

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76

Research indicates that the majority of time spent by students in school meets the requirements of academic learning time

False

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77

Students with mild disabilities generally need more time than is often provided to achieve full learning

true

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78

to maintain a high level of performance over time

maintenance

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79

Extension into new areas without prompting

Generalization

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80

To develop automaticity and fluency

Proficiency

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81

Achieve accuracy of learning

Acquisition

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82

To capitalize on beginning skills to achieve mastery in learning

Reversion

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83

Modification of skills across situations, settings, and time

Adaption

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84

Motivation source associated with need to belong

Relatedness

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85

The drive to become skillful and to accomplish goals

Competence

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86

The belief that no amount of effort will be effective in achieving desired outcomes

Learned helplessness

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87

The ability to be in control of oneself and make one's own decisions

Self-determination

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88

The perspective that focuses on the reciprocal relationship btw the learner and the environment as an explanation for the observed behavior is

The ecological perspective

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89

The stage in Erikson's theory of psycho-social development in which the individual comes to value work and see effort as the way to achieve goals is the

Industry vs inferiority crisis

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90

Which of the following explanations is identified in your text as a reason that a child may exhibit a restricted range of feelings and emotions

The child may be growing up in a home affected by drug or alcohol dependency

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91

When students exhibit delays in social perspective taking it may mean that

we should not be surprised that their social behaviors are similar to younger children

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92

With regard to social cognition, students with mild disabilities tend to

display deficits in developing age-appropriate social cognitive skills

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93

Students who carefully observe others in the environment and model their behaviors closely after what they see others do are mostly appropriately described as

socially field dependent

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94

The ability to easily adapt one's behavior to a variety of settings and situations is called

behavioral flexibility

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95

Which of the following is not generally true of students with significant maladaptive behaviors

learners with maladaptive behaviors are more likely than learners with other disabilities to be placed in general education classrooms

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96

Which of the following behaviors might be found in a youngster with a socialized aggressive conduct disorder

being passively negative

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97

Which of the following behaviors would be considered a characteristic of an under socialized aggressive conduct disorder

fighting

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98

An alternative interim educational placement refers to a placement that has all of the following characteristics except

the placement must be located in the child's home community

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99

Honig v Doe and IDEA 2004 hold that

Schools may respond to serious behavior problems by reconvening the IEP team and redesigning the interventions and placement provided for the student

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100

The developmental perspective describes the manner in which typical social characteristics evolve

false

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