Cytology (Transport)

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What are two main types of cells?

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Biology

Cells

120 Terms

1

What are two main types of cells?

prokaryotes and eukaryotes

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2

What do prokaryotes not contain?

nucleus

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3

Prokrayotes also do not carry

Membrane bound organelles

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4

Are prokaryotes unicellular or multicellular or both?

Unicellular

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5

Where do prokaryotes have genetic material?

Center of the cell

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6

Eukaryotes have a

Nucleus

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7

Eukaryotes have

Membrane bound organelles

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8

Are eukaryotes unicellular or multicellular or both?

Both

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9

Where do eukaryotes have genetic material?

Nucleus of the cell

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10

Cell mebrane is also known as what?

Plasma mebrane

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11

What is the cell membrane mostly made up of?

Lipid bilayer

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12

Cell mebranes have what embedded?

Proteins

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13

How permeable is the cell/plasma mebrane?

Selectively

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14

What does it mean to be selectively permeable?

Allowing certain substances in and out of the cell

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15

Cytoplasm

Fluid in the cell

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16

What does cytoplasm allow for?

Transport of molecules within the cell

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17

Where is the nucleus located

Center of the cell

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18

What does the nucleus do?

Controls cell actives

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19

What does the nucleus contain?

DNA

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20

Nucleolus

Makes RNA

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21

Where can you find the nucleolus?

inside the nucleus

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22

What is RNA needed for?

protein synthesis

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23

Mitochondria is the....

Powerhouse of the cell

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24

Mitochondria uses what to generate energy

Glucose and oxygen

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25

What are energy rich molecules Called?

ATP

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26

What is the endoplasmic reticulum known as?

Roadway

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27

What is the job of the endoplasmic reticulum?

transport materials

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28

What does the smooth endoplasmic reticulum not have

Ribosomes

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29

What does the rough endoplasmic reticulum have?

ribosomes

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30

Ribosomes

Makes proteins

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31

Where are ribosomes found?

cytoplasm and rough ER

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32

Golgi complex

packages, processes, and secretes proteins

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33

Cilia and flagella are

Hair like structures on the cell

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34

Cilia is

All over the cell

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35

Flagella has

Long tail like structure

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36

What are cilia and flagella used for?

movement

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37

Lysosomes

Contains digestive enzymes

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38

How do lysosomes look?

Small and round

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39

Vacuole

Stores food,water, and waste

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40

Plants have one large

Vacuole

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41

Animals have many small

Vacuole

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42

Centrioles

aids in cell reproduction

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43

Centrioles are found only in

Animal cells

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44

How do centrioles look like

Rod like

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45

Cell wall

Gives structure to plant cells

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46

Cell walls are made of

Cellulose

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47

Cell walls are found only in

Plant cells

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48

Chloroplasts

Site of photosynthesis

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49

Where are cholorplasts found?

Plant cells

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50

What do cholorplasts contain?

chlorophyll

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51

What is produced due to photosynthesis

Glucose

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52

cell membrane

Boundary between cell and the environment

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53

What is the plasma membrane made of?

Lipid bi-layer

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54

How many layers are there in a lipid bi-layer

2 layers

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55

What is embedded in a lipid in-layer

Proteins

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56

What is the process that is used to maintain homeostasis within the cell?

Diffusion

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57

What is another name for the plasma membrane

fluid mosaic model

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58

Hydrophilic

water loving

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59

hydorphobic

Water fearing

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60

mosaic means

Different molecules coming together

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61

Fluid

Flexible

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62

Which organelle would you expect to find in plant cells but not animal cells?

chloroplast and cell wall

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63

Which organelle would you expect to find in animal cells but not plant cells?

centrioles and lysosomes

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64

Cell Transport

Movement of molecules in and out of the cell

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65

How do molecules know which direction to move?

Area of high concentration to an area of low concentration

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66

concentration gradient

Movement of molecules from high concentration to low concentration

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67

Diffusion

high to low concentration

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68

Molecules move from high to low concentration untill what is reached?

Equilibrium

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69

passive transport

Molecules moving across a cell membrane, from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration without the use of cellular energy

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70

What are the 2 types of passive transport for the cells?

Diffusion and Osmosis

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71

Diffusion

Movement of molecules through the cell membrane without energy

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72

Osmosis

Movement of water across the cell membrane

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73

What is dynamic equilibrium?

a balance between both sides of the cell

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74

What do molecules move back and forth to maintain?

Dynamic equilibrium

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75

What are the 3 types of solutions?

isotonic, hypertonic, hypotonic

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76

What is an isotonic solution?

Contains equal concentratinos of solutes on the inside and outside

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77

What is a solute?

Substance being dissolved

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78

What are examples of solutes?

Salt and sugar

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79

ISO

equal

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80

Water moved where

There is solute

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81

NaCl

sodium chloride (salt)

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82

What is the l in NaCl

A lowercase L

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83

What is a hypertonic solution?

The concentration of solute is greater on the outside than the inside

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84

What is the end result of a hypertonic solution?

A dried cell

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85

Hyper means what?

More than

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86

Hyperglycemic?

high blood sugar

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87

Water moves is...

Osmosis

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88

What is a hypotonic solution?

Solute concentration is greater in the inside of the cell

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89

What is the end result of hypotonic solution?

Cell will burst

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90

Can plant cells burst?

No

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91

Why can't plant cells burst?

They have a cell wall

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92

What is active transport?

movement of molecules into or out of a cell using energy

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93

Does active transport move with the concentration gradient or against?

Against the concentration

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94

Active transport moves from

Low to high

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95

What does ATP stand for?

adenosine triphosphate

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96

Why do we need active transport?

When they are too big to diffuse through the membrane

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97

How do large molecule get through? What helps?

Protein within the cell membrane

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98

Endocytosis

Cell absorbing outside to inside

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99

What are the 4 examples of active transport?

endocytosis, pinocytosis, phagocytosis, exocytosis

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100

Pinocytosis

Cell drinkers.

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