unit 8 preservation

studied byStudied by 2 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

accelerate ( v )

/əkˈsel.ə.reɪt/

eg I accelerated to overtake the bus.

1 / 100

Tags and Description

101 Terms

1

accelerate ( v )

/əkˈsel.ə.reɪt/

eg I accelerated to overtake the bus.

đẩy nhanh, tăng tốc

New cards
2

forestry ( n )

/ˈfɒr.ɪ.stri/

eg He studied forestry at Colorado State University.

lâm nghiệp

New cards
3

amphibian ( n )

/æmˈfɪb.i.ən/

eg Salamanders, frogs, and other amphibian life are particularly sensitive to extreme pH levels.

động vật lưỡng cư

New cards
4

arguably ( adv )

/ˈɑːɡ.ju.ə.bli/

eg: He is arguably the world's best football player.

có thể cho rằng

New cards
5

barren ( a )

/ˈbær.ən/

eg: We drove through a barren, rocky landscape.

cằn cỗi

New cards
6

biosphere ( n )

/ˈbaɪ.oʊ.sfɪr/

eg With a massive impact, a biosphere gets another chance.

sinh quyển

New cards
7

canopy ( n )

/ˈkæn.ə.pi/

eg Many animals live in the forest canopy.

vòm, mái che, tán cây

New cards
8

consequently ( adv )

/ˈkɒn.sɪ.kwənt.li/

eg I spent most of my money in the first week and consequently had very little to eat by the end of the holiday.

Do đó, bởi vậy

New cards
9

curb ( v )

/kɜːb/

eg You must try to curb on your bad temper

kiềm chế, nén lại, hạn chế

New cards
10

deforestation ( n )

/diːˌfɔːr.əˈsteɪ.ʃən/

eg Deforestation is destroying large areas of tropical rain forest.

sự phá rừng

New cards
11

reforestation

/ˌriː.fɔːr.əˈsteɪ.ʃən/

Reforestation has replaced some desert areas.

sự tái trồng rừng

New cards
12

Afforestation ( n )

/əˌfɔːr.əˈsteɪ.ʃən/

sự trồng rừng

New cards
13

forestation ( n )

sự trồng rừng

New cards
14

degradation ( n )

/ˌdeɡ.rəˈdeɪ.ʃən/

eg environmental degradation

sự suy thoái,mất giá

New cards
15

deliberate ( a )

/dɪˈlɪb.ər.ət/

eg We made a deliberate decision to live apart for a while.

thận trọng, có tính toán, chủ tâm, có suy nghĩ cân nhắc

New cards
16

evidently ( a )

/ˈev.ə.dənt.li/

eg He was evidently upset by the news of the accident.

hiển nhiên, rõ ràng

New cards
17

excessive ( a )

/ekˈses.ɪv/

eg Excessive exercise can sometimes cause health problems.

quá mức, thừa

New cards
18

expenditure ( n )

eg It's part of a drive to cut government expenditure.

sự tiêu dùng

New cards
19

furrow ( n )

/ˈfʌr.əʊ/

eg A deep furrow has formed in the rock, where water has run over it for centuries.

luống cày

New cards
20

indigenous ( a )

/ɪnˈdɪdʒ.ɪ.nəs/

eg He studied Mixtec, an indigenous language of Mexico.

bản xứ, bản địa

New cards
21

indisputably ( a )

/ˌɪn.dɪˈspjuː.tə.bli/

eg The Prado museum indisputably holds the world's greatest collection of Spanish paintings.

hiển nhiên, không thể bàn cãi thêm

New cards
22

integrity ( a )

/ɪnˈteɡ.rə.t̬i/

eg No one doubted that the president was a man of the highest integrity.

tính toàn bộ, toàn vẹn, nguyên vẹn,liêm chính

New cards
23

ironic ( a )

/aɪˈrɒn.ɪk/

eg It is ironic that although many items are now cheaper to make, fewer people can afford to buy them.

mỉa mai, châm biếm

New cards
24

Justification ( n )

/ˌdʒʌs.tɪ.fɪˈkeɪ.ʃən/

eg There is no justification for treating people so badly.

sự bào chữa, sự biện hộ

New cards
25

logging ( n )

eg: the logging industry is doing harm to environment

việc khai thác gỗ

New cards
26

microbial ( a )

/maɪˈkrəʊ.bi.əl/

thuộc vi trùng vi khuẩn

New cards
27

moral ( a )

/ˈmɒr.əl/

eg It's her moral obligation to tell the police what she knows.

có đạo đức

New cards
28

perspective ( n )

/pəˈspek.tɪv/

eg Her attitude lends a fresh perspective to the subject.

quan điểm

New cards
29

porous ( a )

/ˈpɔː.rəs/

rỗ, có nhiều lỗ rỗng

New cards
30

primate ( n )

/ˈpraɪ.meɪt/

linh trưởng

New cards
31

ranching ( n )

/ˈrɑːn.tʃɪŋ/

chăn nuôi gia súc

New cards
32

regulate ( v )

/ˈreɡ.jə.leɪt/

eg Her mother strictly regulates how much TV she can watch.

điều hòa,điều tiết

New cards
33

regulation

/ˌreɡ.jəˈleɪ.ʃən/

(n) sự điều chỉnh, điều lệ, quy tắc

New cards
34

reprocess ( v )

/ˌriːˈprəʊ.ses/

eg to reprocess nuclear waste

tái xử lí

New cards
35

reclaim ( v )

/rɪˈkleɪm/

eg I reclaimed my suitcase from the lost luggage office.

cải tạo

New cards
36

sewage ( n )

/ˈsuː.ɪdʒ/

eg Some cities in the world do not have proper facilities for the disposal of sewage.

nước thải

New cards
37

rubbish ( n )

eg I forgot to put the rubbish out this morning.

rác thải

New cards
38

garbage ( n )

/ˈɡɑː.bɪdʒ/

rác thải, phế liệu

New cards
39

litter

rác vụn ( bị xả )

New cards
40

trash

rác rưởi

New cards
41

sluggish ( a )

/ˈslʌɡ.ɪʃ/

eg A heavy lunch makes me sluggish in the afternoon.

chậm chạp, lờ đờ

New cards
42

specifically ( a

) /spəˈsɪf.ɪ.kəl.i/

eg These jeans are designed specifically for women.

một cách cụ thể, rõ ràng

New cards
43

spongy ( a ) /ˈspʌn.dʒi/

eg The ground was damp and spongy.

như bọt biển, xốp, thấm nước

New cards
44

stabilize ( v )

/ˈsteɪ.bəl.aɪz/

eg In China, the policy of one child per family was introduced to stabilize the country's population at 1.6 billion.

làm ổn định

New cards
45

stability ( n )

/stəˈbɪl.ə.ti/

eg a period of political stability

sự ổn định

New cards
46

stink ( v )

/stɪŋk/

eg The morning after the party, the whole house stank of beer and cigarettes.

bốc mùi hôi

New cards
47

susceptible ( a )

/səˈsep.tə.bəl/

eg These plants are particularly susceptible to frost.

dễ bị tổn thương, dễ mắc phải

New cards
48

topsoil ( n )

lớp đất bề mặt, tầng đất mặt

New cards
49

unequivocally ( a )

/ˌʌn.ɪˈkwɪv.ə.kəl.i/

eg She unequivocally denied the allegations.

một cách rõ ràng, không mập mờ

New cards
50

unobstructed ( a)

eg All fire exits were well marked and unobstructed.

không bị tắc nghẽn, không bị cản trở

New cards
51

wasteful ( a )

eg It's wasteful the way you throw so much food away!

lãng phí

New cards
52

a detailed action plan

bản chi tiết kế hoạch hành động

New cards
53

allow/permit sb from doing st = let sb do st

cho phép ai làm gì

New cards
54

at risk of = in danger of

có nguy cơ, gặp nguy hiểm

New cards
55

Be furious/angry with sb for st/doing st

tức giận với ai về cái gì/ vì đã làm gì

New cards
56

cooperate with

hợp tác với

New cards
57

dispose of=get rid of

loại bỏ, xử lí

New cards
58

import st from

nhập khẩu từ đâu

New cards
59

export st to

xuất khẩu tới đâu

New cards
60

keep out of

tránh xa

New cards
61

live in harmony with= coexist peacefully with

chung sống hòa bình

New cards
62

take action to do

hành động làm gì

New cards
63

productivity ( n )

/ˌprɒd.ʌkˈtɪv.ə.ti/

eg Our main objective is to improve the company's productivity.

năng suất

New cards
64

abandon ( v )

/əˈbæn.dən/

eg As a baby he was abandoned by his mother.

từ bỏ, bỏ rơi

New cards
65

adjoin

/əˈdʒɔɪn/

eg The stables adjoin the west wing of the house.

(v) nối liền, tiếp giáp với.

New cards
66

deprive ( v )

/dɪˈpraɪv/

eg He claimed that he had been deprived of his freedom

tước đoạt, lấy đi

New cards
67

scrap ( n )

eg we reuse bags,old clothing and scrap paper at home

mảnh, mẫu nhỏ, vụn

New cards
68

go green

eg : to go green is to practice simple green lifestyle

theo lối sống thân thiện với môi trường

New cards
69

enact ( v )

eg A package of economic sanctions is to be enacted against the country.

ban hành ( luật )

New cards
70

empower ( v )

eg The first step in empowering the poorest sections of society is making sure they vote.

trao quyền

New cards
71

spring up

xuất hiện đột ngột

New cards
72

content ( n )

nội dung, sự hài lòng

New cards
73

sake /seɪk/

eg for the sake of the environment and for the people who live in it, we must eliminate pollution immediately

mục đích,lợi ích

New cards
74

contend ( v )

đấu tranh, tranh luận

New cards
75

particularly ( a )

/pə´tikjuləli/

eg I didn't particularly want to go, but I had to.

một cách đặc biệt

New cards
76

appreciate ( v )

/əˈpriː.ʃi.eɪt/

eg There's no point buying him expensive wines - he doesn't appreciate them.

đánh giá cao

New cards
77

encounter ( n )

/ɪnˈkaʊn.tər/

chạm trán, bắt gặp, đụng độ, đọc sức

New cards
78

dispute ( v )

eg They have been unable to settle/resolve the dispute over working conditions.

tranh cãi

New cards
79

reluctant ( a )

/rɪˈlʌk.tənt/

eg Many parents feel reluctant to talk openly with their children.

miễn cưỡng

New cards
80

hesitant ( a )

/ˈhez.ɪ.tənt/

eg You seemed a bit hesitant about recommending that restaurant - is something wrong with it?

do dự, ngập ngừng

New cards
81

initiate ( v )

/ɪˈnɪʃ.i.eɪt/

eg Who initiated the violence?

khởi xướng

New cards
82

commence ( v )

/kəˈmens/

eg Shall we let the meeting commence?

bắt đầu, mở đầu, khởi đầu

New cards
83

stroke (n,v )

cú đánh, cú đòn;, sự vuốt ve,đột quỵ

New cards
84

trivial ( a )

/ˈtrɪv.i.əl/

eg I don't know why he gets so upset about something so trivial.

tầm thường , không đáng kể,nhỏ nhặt

New cards
85

beneath (prep)

/bɪˈniːθ/

eg Jaime hid the letter beneath a pile of papers.

ở dưới, dưới thấp

New cards
86

myriad

/ˈmɪr.i.əd/

eg And now myriads of bars and hotels are opening up along the coast.

vô số

New cards
87

Worm

eg The kiwi bird eats worms, other invertebrates, and berries.

sâu, gián, trùng

New cards
88

reptile ( n )

/ˈrep.taɪl/

eg Birds, fish, mammals, amphibians, and reptiles are all vertebrates ( có xương sống )

loài bò sát

New cards
89

intact ( a )

eg keep it healthy and intact

nguyên vẹn

New cards
90

compress ( v )

/kəmˈpres/

eg I managed to compress ten pages of notes into four paragraphs

nén, ép

New cards
91

eventually ( a )

cuối cùng

New cards
92

residue ( n )

/ˈrez.ɪ.dʒuː/

eg The white residue in/on the kettle is a result of minerals in the water.

phần còn lại, phần cặn, dư

New cards
93

put out

dập tắt

New cards
94

in exchange=in turn

đổi lại

New cards
95

sterile ( a ) /ˈster.aɪl/

cằn cỗi

New cards
96

bountiful ( a)

rộng rãi, hào phóng, dồi dào

New cards
97

obliterate

/əˈblɪt.ər.eɪt/

eg All of a sudden the view was obliterated by the fog.

xoá sạch, phá huỷ sạch

New cards
98

epidemic (n )

/ˌep.ɪˈdem.ɪk/eg flu epidemic

bệnh dịch

New cards
99

drastic

eg allow a more drastic temperature variation from day to night

mạnh mẽ, quyết liệt

New cards
100

eradicate

/ɪˈræd.ɪ.keɪt/

eg eradicate corruption

diệt trừ, xóa bỏ

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 19 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard89 terms
studied byStudied by 23 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard41 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard98 terms
studied byStudied by 101 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard57 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard89 terms
studied byStudied by 51 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard69 terms
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard61 terms
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard41 terms
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)