East Anglia - New Grid

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Charles moved his forces East after Parliamentary victory at the battle of X in X - judged to be too dangerous for judges to make the journey from London.

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1

Charles moved his forces East after Parliamentary victory at the battle of X in X - judged to be too dangerous for judges to make the journey from London.

Marshall's Elm, August 1642

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2

Battle of Naseby. Decisive Parliamentarian victory - interpreted as providential and divinely ordained (legitimacy of their cause in the eyes of the Puritans). Date?

24th June 1645

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3

By X- The Royalist army was advancing near to Cambridge, giving a new urgency to the Bury St Edmund/Suffolk Assizes

August 1645

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4

Oversaw Essex summer assizes in July 1645 - he had very little legal experience

Earl of Warwick

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5

Assizes in X were suspended after news of trouble in Cambridge - Condemned prisoners immediately executed and those waiting trial sent back to cells.

Bury St Edmunds

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6

X% - conviction rate of Hopkins and Stearne

42%

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7

X became more powerful as an institution - official duties were to make and amend laws, and approving taxation.

Parliament

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8

X woman writing in X - Without kingly authority, normal laws did not apply.

Norfolk, 1645

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9

Biblical passage on the cover of the Discovery of Witches

Exodus 22:18

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10

Counties of East Anglia formed the X in the Civil War - provided a significant number of troops for the Parliamentarians. Mostly Puritan, with pockets of Catholicism being rooted out.

Eastern Association

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11

Witches in X were connected with radical Puritan sects that believed women could be viewed as socially and spiritually equal to men

Wingfield, Westhorpe and Stradbroke

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12

Iconoclast General

William Dowsing

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13

Dowsing travelled throughout East-Anglia in X. He visited over X churches in Suffolk and Cambridge (incl. several college chapels), Was met with lots of resistance and non-co-operation, but because he had the authority from parliament to use military force if necessary, he got his way.

1642-44, 250

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14

Author of The World turn'd upside down

John Taylor

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15

When was The World turn'd upside down published

1647

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16

In 1646, the price of wheat rose by X%

20%

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17

Since the start of the civil war price of livestock had increased by X% and grain by X%

12, 15

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18

When was the Weekly Assessment introduced

1643

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19

The weekly assessment was collected in East Anglia at a rate Xx times higher than the Ship Money tax

12x

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20

Where was Margaret Moone from?

Thorpe-le-Soken

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21

X - evicted from cottage when a man offered X shillings more than she could afford in rent, fell into begging, and later accused of the death of livestock, crop failures, and child murder

Margaret Moone, 10

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22

X wet summer which led to staples of wheat, rye being inedible and rotted with ergot. Seed corn had to be eaten instead - threatening next year's harvest.

1646

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23

X and X - heavy rain caused crops to rot and fields to be trodden in mud. Most extreme wet weather in living memory.

October 1645, 1646

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24

X% of men in X left their villages and towns in order to go and fight.

20%, Suffolk

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25

How much common land at Sutton did Sir Miles Sandys enclose

4000 acres

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26

How many families were evicted as a result of Sir Miles Sandys ' actions

30 families

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27

What church was Hopkins' father the vicar of, where?

St John's Church, Great Wenham

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28

Siblings of Hopkins

2x elder brothers

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29

Staunch Puritan and he had a significant good working knowledge of the scriptures. Had the ear of Grimston - he was entrusted to advance the confession of Clarke (Hopkins volunteered to join him). Accompanied Hopkins in the systematic rooting out of suspected witches.

John Stearne

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30

John Stearne Publication

A confirmation and discovery of witchcraft'

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31

Searcher for Hopkins and Stearne

Mary Philips

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32

How much was Philips paid for her services at Aldeburgh

£2

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33

Resident in Manningtree. In March 1645 he accused Elizabeth Clarke of bewitching his wife. Convinced that her illness had no earthly cause

John Rivet

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34

Cunning woman that John Rivet approached about his wife's possession

Goodwife Hovey

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35

Highly principled man, with 50 years' experience in defending the truth in religion and politics. He believed the witchcraft threat to be real, and gave Stearne a warrant to discover from Clarke the names of other witches.

Sir Harbottle Grimston

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36

The assistant of Grimston.

Sir Thomas Bowes

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37

Presided over the JPs conducting the Chelmsford Trials. Very little legal experience - impact of the civil war as the assize judges couldn't travel to preside over the courts. 19 witches condemned to death

Earl of Warwick

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38

Judge at Bury St Edmunds (Suffolk Assizes)

John Godbolt

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39

Casualties from Suffolk Assizes (women, men)

16, 2

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40

Godbolt asserted at Suffolk confessions must always be 'X'

Purely voluntary and unconstrained

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41

How was John Lowes tortured

Watched, walked and swum

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42

How much did Godbolt claim in expenses for his work at Suffolk

£130

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43

How many were accused at the first Ely assizes

3

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44

When was the first Ely assizes

September 1646

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45

When was the second Ely assizes

September 1647

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46

Who was sentenced to death at the second Ely assizes

Margaret Moore

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47

How many public confessions had Margaret Moore given?

3

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48

How old was Elizabeth Clarke

80

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49

Marital status of Elizabeth Clarke

Widowed

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50

Which 4 women stripped and searched Elizabeth Clarke looking for a mark

Mary Philips, Mary Parsley, Grace Norman and Frances Miles

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51

When did 4 women strip and search Elizabeth Clarke looking for a mark

21st March 1645

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52

Where was Elizabeth Clarke held whilst waiting for the Chelmsford assizes

Colchester Castle

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53

Name of Elizabeth Clarke's familiars - A greyhound with long legs, who turned into a 4-year-old boy with no head.

Vinegar Tom

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54

Name of Elizabeth Clarke's familiars - a demonic black rabbit

Sacke and Sugar

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55

When was Elizabeth Clarke found guilty, at the Chelmsford assizes

17th July 1645

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56

Occupation of Elizabeth Gooding's Husband

Shoemaker

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57

Who accused Elizabeth Gooding

Robert Tayler

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58

How much cheese was Elizabeth Gooding refused for credit for, who owned this cheese shop

1/2 pound, Robert Tayler

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59

When was Elizabeth Gooding found guilty, at the Chelmsford assizes

17th July 1656

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60

Marital status of Anne West

Widow

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61

Where was Anne West from

Lawford

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62

When was Anne West previously tried for witch-craft and aquitted

1641

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63

Who had previously accused Anne West previously for witchcraft - killing his pig

Thomas Hart

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64

How old was Rebecca West

15

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65

Role of Rebecca West in the legal proceedings

Informant

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66

Whos son did Anne Leech confess to murdering

Richard Edward

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67

Where was Anne Leech from

Mistley

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68

Who was the mother of Helen Clarke

Anne Leech

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69

Occupation of Helen Clarke's husband

Stonemason

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70

Helen Clarke was the prime suspect in whos murder?

Anne Parsley

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71

Religious persuasion of John Lowes

Anti-Calvinist

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72

Parish of John Lowes

Brandeston

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73

In the moat of where was John Lowes swum

Framlingham Castle

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74

When was John Lowes found guilty

26th August 1645

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75

Which accused individual did John Lowes speak in defence of

Ann Annson

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76

Confession of John Lowes - Sinking a ship off X that killed X people

Harwich, 14

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77

When approached by John Rivet to ask her to cure her wife/work out what was wrong with his wife, so told him that she had been bewitched and pointed to the 'woman up the hill' - Elizabeth Clarke.

Goodwife Hovey

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78

Parish of John Gaule

Great Staughton

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79

Publication of John Gaule title and date

Select cases of conscience touching Witches and Witchcraft, 1646

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80

When was the confession of Margaret Moone

April 1645

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81

Who was the judge at Yarmouth

Miles Corbett

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82

When was the Kings Lynn trial?

24th September 1646

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83

Who was the judge at Kings Lynn

Miles Corbett

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84

How many died in jail before the Chelmsford trial

4

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85

How many women were tried at Chelmsford

29

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86

How many were found guilty at Chelmsford

19

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87

How many were fully acquitted at Chelmsford

1

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88

When was Chelmsford trial

17th June 1645

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89

How many were executed on the 18th June 1645

15

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90

How many were hung at Manningtree on the 1st August 1645

4

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91

Summer of 1645 - As many as X men and women from Suffolk, from X small towns and villages, were identified at witches.

150, 50

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92

How many were originally on trial at Suffolk

90

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93

How many did the Grand Jury approve for trial at Suffolk

60

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94

When was the Suffolk assize

26th August 1645

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95

When was Hopkins in Aldeburgh

January 1646

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96

How many women were tried, executed at Aldeburgh

7, 7

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97

Aldeburgh trial - Cost the town X of annual expenses for the witch-hunt

1/7

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98

How much was Hopkins paid for Aldeburgh

£8

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99

How much was food and drink at Aldeburgh

£15

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100

How many were tried at the Norfolk assizes in 1645

40

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