AMERICA FLASHCARDS (SECTION 1)

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How long did it take to make 1 model t car?

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1

How long did it take to make 1 model t car?

93 minutes

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2

When did Ford invent the assembly line?

1913

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3

What % of petrol did america own after WWI?

70%

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4

What was president coolidges quote about america business?

the business of america is business

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5

What is isolationism?

America’s policy of minimal interference in global political affairs

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6

How much did cars cost after ford?

$300

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7

how many cars were sold (ford)?

28 million

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8

How many people owned stocks before the 1920s, and what was the increase after the economic boom?

5 million, to 4x after the boom

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9

What and when was the tariff act called?

Fordney and McCumber tariff act 1912

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10

How many people had access to electricity before and after the economic boom? (%)

15% to 70%

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11

how many members did the KKK have in 1923?

5 million

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12

what were laws that segregated people based on race called?

jim crow laws

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13

What was the worth of shares from 1926 to 1928?

450million to 1125 million

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14

how much money did other countries owe to america after the war?

1127 BILLION

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15

how many cars were made each day in ford’s factory?

7000 cars

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16

How much % of the population lived in ghettos and where?

70%, in harlem

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17

When were sacco and vansetti executed?

1927

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18

What was moonshine?

Illegal alcohol often made in bathtubs, and was often deadly

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19

how many units of moonshine did the FBI condisate in 1930?

282,000 units

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20

What were illegal drinking dens called during prohibition?

speakeasies

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21

When was the law of prohibition passed?

1920

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22

What did the policy of isolationism do?

prevented the US from joining league of nations

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23

When and what as the immigration act?

1924, it set a quota to limit the number of immigrants coming into the US pear year

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24

what was the maximum quote for the 1924 immigration act?

150,000 per year

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25

When was prohibition repealed?

1935

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26

Who was the democratic president and how many times was he elected?

Franklin D roosevelt, 3 times

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27

What were people who illegally smuggled alcohol called?

bootleggers

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28

When was the wall street crash? (full date)

1929 24th october

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29

what caused economic problems? (2)

-overproduction

-overconsumption

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30

how much did unemployment rise from 1926 to 1929?

880,000 to 2 million

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31

what were underlying factors which lead to 1929 Wall Street Crash? (4)

  • overproduction

  • weak trade unions

  • USA trade import/export restrictions

  • Stock market speculation

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32

What were Hoover’s policies?

Rugged individualism/lasseiz faire

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33

What was Hoover’s promise to the american citizens?

a chicken in every pot

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34

What was NYC known as?

a melting pot

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35

How many people bought cinema tickets per week during 1929?

100 million

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36

What was the code that limited sexual scenes on TV and how long did it limit for?

Hays code - 3 seconds of kissing

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37

How much did a baseball star (name) earn?

Babe Ruth - $80,000

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38

what % did the fordney and mccumber tariff increase the price of foreign goods by?

60%

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39

what were the political causes of the economic boom? (4)

  • lassiez faire policy

  • tariffs

  • low taxation

  • trusts

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40

what is hire purchase?

buying on credit and paying the whole price at a later date

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41

what is a trust?

super corporations that monopolised a major industry

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42

what was an example of a trust?

rockefellers in the oil industry

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43

how many people owned radios in 1919 compared to 1929?

10 million to 20 million

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44

what was the name given to the fundemental christian region of america?

bible belt

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45

what was it known as when a person bought shares quickly to sell for a profit quickly?

buying on the margin

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46

what was the % of people who were farmers in the 1920s?

40%

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47

how low were farmer’s wages in the 1920s?

$7.5/week

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48

how many films did hollywood make a year?

500

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49

how many radio stations were there by the 1920s?

500+

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50

who was a famous jazz star?

bessie smith

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51

what were the groups of people who didn’t benefit from the economic boom?

  • farmers

  • african amercans

  • native americans

  • old industry workers

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52

How much did the worth of the farming industry drop by from 1919 to 1920?

22 billion to 13 billion

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53

how many farmers migrated to the countryside because of the poor working conditions?

6 million

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54

why did the farmers not benefit from economic boom?

european countries implemented similar tariffs as the americans which reduced demand for food which lead to overproduction

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55

what are 2 examples of old industries?

cotton and coal

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56

what was cottron replaced by?

rayon

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57

how much did coal workers earn compared to the minimum amount needed to survive?

coal workers earned $18, while the minimum needed to survive was $48

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58

what % of the population lived below the poverty line?

42%

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59

what were poor african american farmers called?

sharecroppers

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60

how many african americans were unemployed?

3/4

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61

why did the native americans suffer during the economic boom?

they had their land taken away by the mining companies and had to move to reservations

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62

what was the thing that caused seasonal unemployment in chicago?

busy and slack

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63

what % of people owned cars in chicago?

3%

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64

what was the wealth inequality between the poor and wealthy?

5% of wealthy people owned 32% of the wealth, while 42% of poor people owned 10% of the wealth

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65

what was the negative impact of the political policy of lassiez faire?

underlying socio economic inequality due to the political lassiez faire policy meant no aid was given to those in need as the government did not intervene.

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66

what was life like for women before WWI? (5)

  • expected to dress modestly

  • restrictive lifestyle

  • had to be chaperoned

  • worked low paying jobs

  • expected to be housewives

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67

How many women worked after WWI and by how much % did that increase by?

10 million increased by 25%

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68

what was the divorce rate after WWI?

2x more

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69

How many women had sex before marriage prior to the 1920s to after?

30% before, 80%

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70

what year and how old did women have to be to vote?

1920 - 21+

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71

when did hoover win his election?

1928

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72

what does stock market speculation mean?

buying a share in hope that the value of the share will increase

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73

what does buying on the margin mean?

purchasing a share quickly and waiting for the price to rise and then selling the share

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74

what % of actual money did speculators have to put down before getting a loan?

10%

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75

how many shareholders were speculators?

60,000

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76

what role did women play in the WSC?

women owned 50% of the petticoat line

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77

how much did banks loan out to speculators?

$8 billion

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78

what was a social factor that contributed to the WSC?

consumer confidence

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79

How many shares were sold on the 24th of october 1929?

13 million

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80

why did the banks or government not intervene when the WSC was happening?

lassiez faire policy

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81

What % did factory worker’s wages drop by?

60%

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82

Who (rich person) and how much % of his wealth did he lose?

Rockefeller - 80% of wealth

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83

How many people were unemployed in 1933?

14 million

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84

How many banks went bankrupt?

5000

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85

What % did production drop by?

45%

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86

What were hobos?

unemployed workers who travelled illegally to find work and often ended up in Hoovervilles

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87

How many americans were in hoovervilles?

250,000

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88

When was the dust bowl?

1932

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89

What policy did Hoover believe in?

rugged individualism

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90

what does rugged individualism mean?

challenges can be overcome by hard work and did not need government intervention

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91

why were hoovervilles called hoovervilles?

to mock hoover’s lack of aid an intervention due to his rugged individualism policy

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92

what did hoover try to do? (3)

  • set up emergency relief fund

  • sent money to financial reconstruction

  • lowered taxes

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93

how much money did hoover send to emergency relief funds?

300 million

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94

what was the problem with emergency relief funds that hoover set?

barely any of the money went towards helping the people in need

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95

when was the prohibition law passed?

1920

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96

what was the official name of the legislation that legalised prohobition?

volstead act

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97

What are the reasons why prohibition was implemented? (4)

Anti saloon league

Industry owners believed workers would be more productive

Xenophobia to german alcohol produccers

WCTU, believed in temperence

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98

how many speakeasies were there?

200,000

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99

how many agents regulated prohibition?

1,500

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100

how much money did the government lose when they banned alcohol?

500 million

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