the constitution

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we the people of the united states in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and out posterity, do ordain, and establish this constitution for the united states of america.

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we the people of the united states in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and out posterity, do ordain, and establish this constitution for the united states of america.

the preamble

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  • legislative powers given to congress ( senate and the house)

article 1 section 1

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  • elected every 2 years

  • 25 years old

  • 7 years citizen

  • live in the state they are running for

  • reps have the power to pick a speaker of the house

article 1 section 2

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  • 1 rep : 30 thousand people

house of reps (article 1 section 2)

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  • 2 senators per state

  • vote by the legislature (changed by the 17th amendment)

  • 6 year terms

  • 1 vote each senator

  • 35 year old

  • 9 year citizen

  • live in the state they are running for

article 1 section 3

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  • divided into 3 classes

    • 1 class expiration 2 years

    • 2nd class expiration 4 years

    • 3rd class expiration 6 years

    1/3 is chosen every 2 years

terms of the senate article 1 section 3

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  • vice president is the president of …. but has no vote unless equally divided

senate (article 1 section 3)

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  • power to impeach

house of representatives (article 1 section 2)

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  • power to try impeachments

  • only happens with 2/3 members present

senate (article 1 section 3 )

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  • removes you from the office and cant run again

    • partu convicd can b eeindicted

impeachment (article 1 section 3)

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  • voting for HOR is prescribed in each state

article 1 section 4

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congress can alter election regulations except for choosing the….

senators (article 1 section 4)

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  • congress meets at least once year and it should be the first …..

  • unless changed

monday in december (article 1 section 4)

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  • judge of elections

  • determine rules of proceedings

  • judgemnt requires votes of yaes and nays

    • 1/5 of votes should be written down

  • neds permission from other house to adjourn more than 3 days

powers and duties of congress(article 1 section 5)

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congress gets paid by the…

treasury (article 1 section 6)

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congress cannot be arrested except for

  • treason

  • felony

  • breach of the peace

    (article 1 section 6)

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they cannot be questioned about _____ maters outside of office

congress (article 1 section 6)

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bills to raise revenue come from ….

house of representatives (article 1 section 7)

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____ can propose rise in revenue with amendments or bills

senate (article 1 section 7)

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  • every bill passed by both houses get sent to the ____

  • if signed it is law

president (article 1 section 7)

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if bill not signed:

  • returned to HOR if passed → senate

    • 2/3 of both houses agree→ law

legislative process (article 1 section 7)

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  • bill not returned by president in ___ days (excluding sunday) → law

    • unless prevented by congress

10 (article 1 section 7)

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  • every order sent president (if necessary), approved byhim repasses by 2/3 of congress

article 1 section 7

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  • lay/ collect taxes

  • borrow money on US credit

  • regulate commerce internationally, nationally, and in tribes

powers of congress

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  • rule on naturalization and laws on bankruptcy through us

  • punishments on counterfeiting

  • post offices and roads

  • define and punish pireces and felonies on the seas

powers of congress (article 1 section 8)

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who has the power to declare war

congress (article 1 section 8)

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  • raise and support armies/navy (makes laws regulating them)

  • call in milita to stop invasions

  • makes laws that are necessary t execute the for going powers

powers of congress (article 1 section 8)

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  • immigrants/ slaves cannot be prohibited by congress

  • tax cannot be put on goods exported from any state

  • fair treatment for every state

  • money cannot be taken from the treasury unless by consequence of appropriations(need records of transaction)

powers denied to congress (article 1 section 9)

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what is write of habeas corpus

test the reasons or grounds for imprisonment

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write of habeas corpus cannot be taken away unless…

rebellion/ invasion

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no one in office can be given a _____ from another country

title, present, salary fee, or office

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  • cannot accept any treaty, alliance or confederation

  • coin money or emit bills of credit

  • pass any bill of attainder

  • cannot grant title of nobility

  • cannot tax imports or exports(unless necessary)

  • cannot keep troops up during peace time

  • cannot engage in war (unless invaded)

  • no agreements with other states

powers denied by the states (article 1 section 10)

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what is an attainder bill

a bill to punish a person or a group of people

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  • president- executive power

  • 4 year term w/ vice president

  • us born citizen

  • 35 years old

  • 14 years resident

  • president dies → vice president

  • congress decides what happens if both cannot be president

  • gets paid and pay cannot be changed while elected

article 2 section 1

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i do solemnly swear that i will faithfully execute the office of president of the united states and will t th best of my ability preserve, protect and defend the constitution of the united states

the presidential oath (article 2 section 1)

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  • commander and chief of the army, navy, and militia of several states

  • grant pardons for offenses against the us

    • except impeachments

  • sign treaties (with 2/3 agreement of congress)

  • appoint ministers and ambassadors (w/ senate)

  • appoint councils

  • can fill vacancies during recesses of the senate (expire next session)

powers of the president (article 2 section 2)

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who appoints the supreme court judges

president

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  • gives state of the union

  • middle man between the house and the senate

  • receive ambassadors and ministers

  • take care of the law

responsibilities of the president (article 2 section 3)

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president/ vice president can be removed by____

impeachment

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what can the president/ vice president be impeached for

  • treason

  • bribery

    • other high crimes/ misdemeanors

      (article 1 section 4)

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  • judicial power→ supreme court

  • hold office for good behavior

  • get paid and their pay cannot be changed while in office

article 3 section 1w

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who creates the lower courts

congress

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  • Check cases under constitution

    • state v. state beef, state v. person beef

  • cases with ambassadors public ministers and concils

powers of the supreme court (article 3 section 2)

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who cannot see impeachment cases

supreme court (article 3 section 2)

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cases are heard in the …..

state it happened in (article 3 section 2)

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treason against the us is….

  • levying war

  • adhearing to enemies/ giving aid

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can only be charged with treason by

being convinced with 2 testimonies of witnesses to the act or confession

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who declares the punishment to treason?

congress

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people who are cnviced of treason cannot….

have their property passed down to their family

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  • each state has a voice

  • they get access to public records

article 4 section 1

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  • citizens get all their rights regardless of state

  • person who is charged w/ treason, felony or other crime and they leave the state court authority is given to the stat they left

    • removed from the state they left from

article 4 section 2

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  • slave that ran away is no longer a slave but can be sent back (no longer valid)

article 4 section 2

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  • new states can be added but not within other states jurisdiction (w/o consent of state and congress)

  • nothing in the constitution can be prejudiced of the us or other states

article 4 section 3

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who has the power to engorce laws in territories

congress (article 4 section 3)

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  • every state has a republican government

  • protect against invasion and domestic violence

article 4 section 4

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  • 2/3 of both houses agree can add amendments to the constitution

  • 2/3 of all states can propose a convention to propose an amendment

  • no state (w/o consent) can be deprived of equal suffrage in senate

article 5

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any amendment cannot effect the….

1st and 4th clause in section 9 of article 1

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  • all debts before the constitution is valid against the us

  • constitution and treaties are supreme law of the land

  • judges are bond by these laws/ their state laws

    • anything against the constitution is invaid

article 6

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senators, representatives, members of state legislatures and executive judicial offices have to make an oath

  • to support the constitution

article 6

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no ____ test is ever required to run for office

religious (article 6)

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___ states is is enough to sign the constitution

9 (article 7)

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  • freedom of religion

  • freedom of speech/press

  • right for peaceful protest

  • right to petition the government

first amendment

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  • states gets militia for protection

  • right to bear arms

second amendment

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soldiers cannot go into anyones house during peacetime w/o consent

third amendment

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  • no unwarranted searches

    • only w/ probable cause describing what, where, and who is being searched

fourth amendment

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  • doesnt have to answer questions unless held by grand jury

  • cant be charged twice

  • cant be a witness against themself

  • cant have life liberty and property taken away from them without due process

fifth amendment

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private property cannot be taken for public use without compensation

fifth amendment

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  • criminal prosecutions get the right to a speedy and public trial in state where it happened (w/jury)

  • informed of the charges

  • see the witnesses

  • have a defense team

sixth amendment

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civil cases or lawsuits have a right to be decided by jury in federal court

seventh amendment

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  • no excessive bail or fines

  • no cruel and unusual punishment

eighth amendment

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rights not listed belongs to the people and cannot be taken away

ninth amendment

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powers not given to the government in the constitution is given to the states/people

tenth amendment

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what amendments are in the bill of rights

the first 10

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courts cannot hear cases that the state is sued by a person from antehr state

11th amendment

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  • people meet to vote for the president and vice president

  • votes are made and counted and who ever has the majority won

12th amendment

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can the president and vice president be from the same state

no (12th amendment)

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if someone does not get the majority vote for president what happens

take who ever got the most voes and go from there (12th amendment)

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who picks the president and where does the votes come from if there is not a canident with majority vote

HOR and the votses come from the states (12th amnedment)

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who picks the vice president and how many votes do they need to do so

senate and thy need 2/3 vote (12th amendment)

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can you run for president and vice president

no (12th amendment)

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what amendment outlawed slavery

13th amendment section 1

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who has the power to enforce the 13th amendment

congress

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  • anyone born or naturalized in the us is a citizen

  • no stat can make a law to take those rights away

  • no state can take someones life liberty, or property without due process

  • cannot deny anyone of equal protection

14th amendemnt section 1

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  • voting age 21(changed by 26th amendment)

  • any state that denies a person the right to vote will get less representation in the government

14th amendment section 2

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  • every government official needs to take an oath to support the US Constitution

14th amendment

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congress can vote out anyone who engaged in:

insurrection/rebellion

aid or comfort to enemies

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allowed the federal and state governments to refuse to pay war debts of the Confederate army as well as any claims made by slave owners for their losses when slaves were freed.

14th amendment sectoin 4

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congress was able to enforce the 14th amendment with

14th amendment sectoin 5

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everyone regardless of color can vote

15th amendment section 1

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congress was able to enforce the 15th amendment with

15th amendment section 2

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what amendment put staxes on income taxes

16th amendment

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  • 2 senators per state voted in by the people

  • 1 vote each

  • make temporary appointments for empty seats

17th amendment

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bans alcohol

18th amendment

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congress was able to enforce the 18th amendment with

18th amendment section 2

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what amendment gave women the right to vote

19th amendment

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  • president and vice president terms end on january 20th

  • senators and rep terrms end on january 3rd

20th amndemnt section 1

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  • new congress has to meet at least once a year on january 3rd(unless the day is changed)

20th amendment section 2

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  • if president did r is not qualified power goes to the vice president(until president is qualified)

  • if both cannot congress picks who should fill in as president

20th amendment section 3

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who picks the president if they die or is not qualified

house of representatives

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who picks the vice president if they died or is not qualified

senate

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