Anatomy and Physiology of the Speech and Swallowing Mechanisms

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Tags and Description

PRAXIS

415 Terms

1

Anatomy

anatomy is the study of the structure of an organism

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2

Physiology

Physiology explores the functions of structures in a living organism.

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3

Pathology

Pathology is the study of diseases and the structural and functional changes that affect an organism.

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4

Anatomic Position

the standard posture when in the anatomic position is with your full body standing straight, with the face directed forward, the arms hanging down at your sides with your palms facing forward, fingers pointing straight down, and the knees facing forward with the feet slightly apart and pointed forward.

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5

Superior

When something is superior, it is above or higher than another structure;

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6

Inferior

below or under

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7

Anterior

In the front

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8

Posterior

Behind or in the back of another structure

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9

a-

without

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10

ab-

away from

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11

ad-

toward

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12

-algia

pain

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13

an-

without

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14

angio-

related to blood vessels

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15

ante-/antero-

before, in front

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16

arth-

related to joint

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17

bi-

two

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18

brachy-

short

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19

brady-

slow

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20

capit-

toward the head

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21

cephalo-

the head or toward the head

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22

contra-

opposite

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23

-culum/-culus

diminutive form for a noun

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24

de-

away from, cessation, without

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25

di-

two

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26

dys-

disordered, faulty, bad

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27

ecto-

outer

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28

-ectomy

excision, removal

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29

-emia

blood

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30

endo-

within, inner

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31

ep-/epi-

upon, over, above

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32

extra-

outside

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33

-gen/-genic

producing, causing

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34

hemi-

half

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35

hyper-

excessive, above, increased, too much

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36

hypo-

under, below, too little, decreased

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37

infra-

below

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38

inter-

between

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39

ipsi-

same

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40

-itis

inflammation

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41

kine-

movement

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42

latero-

side

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43

leuco-/leuko-

white

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44

macro-

large

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45

medio-

middle

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46

micro-

small

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47

mono-

one

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48

morph-

shape, form

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49

my-/myo-

muscle

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50

naso-

nose

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51

neo-

new

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52

neuro-

nerve

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53

oculo-

eye

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54

-oma

tumor

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55

oro-

mouth

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56

-osis

condition

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57

osteo-

bone

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58

ot-

ear

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59

palato-

palate, roof of mouth

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60

para-

beside

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61

patho-

abnormal

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62

-pathy

disease condition

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63

ped-/paed-

child

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64

ped-/pod-

foot

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65

peri-

around

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66

-phage/-phagia

eating

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67

pharyngo-

pharynx

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68

-plasia

formation, growth

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69

-plasty

molding or forming

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70

poly-

many

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71

post-

after, behind

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72

pre-/pro-

before, in front of

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73

quadra-/quadri-

four

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74

re-

to repeat, turned back

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75

retro-

toward the rear, backward

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76

-rrhea

flow, discharge

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77

sclero-

hard

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78

sclerosis-

hardening

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79

scolio-

curved

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80

semi-

half

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81

soma-/somato-

body

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82

steno-

narrow

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83

-stomy

new opening

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84

sub-

under

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85

super-

above

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86

supra-

above

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87

sym-/syn-

together, with

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88

tachy-

fast

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89

tetra-

four

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90

-tomy

to cut

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91

trans-

on the other side

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92

tri-

three

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93

-trophic

nourishment

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94

-trophy

development

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95

uni-

one

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96

Dorsal

synonymous with posterior (towards the back)- could also refer to back of hand or top of foot.

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97

Ventral

synonymous with anterior (toward the belly)

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98

Rostral

Rostral means toward the nose

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99

Caudal

caudal indicates toward the tail

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100

Superficial

The term superficial indicates toward the surface

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