PALM 200 - Male Reproductive System

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bulbourethral glands

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100 Terms

1

bulbourethral glands

the two glands inferior to the prostate gland that secrete a sticky fluid that becomes a component of semen

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2

ejaculation

action of ejecting semen from the genital ducts to the exterior

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3

epididymis

long coiled duct located on the posterior surface each testis that stores, matures, and transports sperm between the testis and the ductus deferens

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4

gamete

any sex cell; male sperm cell or female oocyte

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5

gonad

organ that produces gametes; a male testis or female ovary

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6

penis

external male organ used in urination and sexual intercourse

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7

glans penis

rounded tip at the end of the penis

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8

prepuce

fold of skin that covers the glans penis in uncircumcised males; foreskin

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9

prostate gland

gland that surrounds the beginning of the urethra that secretes a fluid that becomes part of the semen

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10

scrotum

sac that is suspended on either side of and behind the penis that encloses the testes and epididymis

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11

semen

viscous fluid containing sperm and secretions of the testes and seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and bulbourethral glands

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12

seminal vesicles

two glands posterior to the urinary bladder that produce seminal fluid, which becomes a component of semen

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13

seminiferous tubules

coiled tubes in the testes where spermatozoa are formed

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14

sperm

male sex cell produced by the testes that can fertilize an oocyte in a female to produce offspring

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15

spermatic cord

cord-like structure consisting of a bundle of nerves, ducts, and blood vessels extending from the deep inguinal ring through the inguinal canal into the scrotum

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16

testis

one of two oval male gonads located in the scrotum that produces sperm and testosterone

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17

testosterone

male hormone produced by the testes

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18

vas deferens

duct that carries spermatozoa from the epididymis to the urethra

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19

male

andr/o

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20

glans penis

balan/o

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21

epididymis

epididym/o

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22

testis, testicle

orch/o, orchid/o

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23

duct, vessel, vas deferens

vas/o

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24

fluid-filled sac

vesicul/o

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25

masculine, male

andro-

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26

hidden

crypt-

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27

balanic

pertaining to the glans penis

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28

coitus

sexual intercourse

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29

condom

sheath for the penis worn during intercourse to prevent conception or infection

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30

ejaculation

expulsion of semen from the male urethra

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31

epididymal

pertaining to the epididymis

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32

prostatic

pertaining to the prostate

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33

puberty

period of development when secondary sex characteristics develop and the ability to reproduce begins

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34

spermatic

pertaining to sperm

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35

spermicide

substance that kills spermatozoa

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36

testicular

pertaining to a testicle

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37

andropathy

disease found only in males

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38

anorchism

absence of the testes; may be congenital or acquired

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39

aspermia

absence of sperm; inability to produce sperm

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40

balanitis

inflammation of the glans penis

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41

balanorrhea

abnormal discharge from the glans penis

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42

benign prostatic hyperplasia

enlargement of the prostate gland

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43

cryptorchidism

condition of hidden testes; failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum before birth

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44

epididymitis

inflammation of the epididymis

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45

erectile dysfunction

inability of a man to attain or maintain an erection

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46

hydrocele

accumulation of fluid in the scrotum

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47

oligospermia

deficiency of sperm in the semen

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48

orchitis

inflammation of a testis or testicle

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49

peyronie disease

condition of abnormal fibrous tissue in the erectile tissues of the penis, causing penile bending and pain during erection

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50

phimosis

narrowing of the penis foreskin opening that prevents it from being retracted over the glans penis

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51

priapism

abnormal persistent and painful erection of the penis

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52

prostatic calculus

stone formed in the prostate gland

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53

prostatitis

inflammation of the prostate gland

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54

prostatorrhea

discharge from the prostate gland

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55

spermatocele

sperm-containing cyst in the epididymis

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56

testicular torsion

twisting of the spermatic cord, causing a decrease in blood flow to the penis

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57

varicocele

enlargement of veins in the spermatic cord

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58

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

disease of the immune system caused by an infection with human immunodeficiency virus (AIDS)

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59

chlamydia

bacterial sexually transmitted disease that can occur with no symptoms until it progresses to where it damages organs; the most common STD in the US

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60

condyloma

a wart-like lesion on the genitals

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61

genital herpes

inflammatory STD caused by the herpes simplex virus; symptoms include blisters or ulcerative lesions on the genitals

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62

gonorrhea

contagious, inflammatory STD affecting mucous membranes of the genitals and urinary system

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63

human immunodeficiency virus

a virus that weakens the body’s immune system and can cause AIDS (HIV)

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64

human papillomavirus

viral sexually transmitted disease that causes genital warts and other symptoms (HPV)

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65

STD

any contagious disease acquired during sexual contact

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66

syphilis

bacterial STD that causes sores called chancres; can spread to other parts of the body

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67

prostate-specific antigen test

blood test that measures the amount of an enzyme released by the prostate gland known as prostate-specific antigen; increased levels indicate benign prostatic hyperplasia or prostate cancer

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68

digital rectal examination

assessment done by inserting a finger into the male rectum to determine the size and shape of the prostate gland through the rectal wall

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69

transrectal ultrasound

ultrasound imaging of the prostate gland done through the rectum

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70

balancoplasty

surgical repair or reconstruction of the glans penis

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71

circumcision

operation to remove the prepuce from the penis

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72

epididymectomy

operation to remove the epididymis

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73

orchiectomy

removal of one or both testes

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74

orchiopexy

surgical treatment of an undescended testicle by freeing it and implanting it into the scrotum

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75

orchiotomy

incision into a testis

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76

orchioplasty

surgical repair or reconstruction of a testis

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77

penile implant

device that is surgically placed in the penis to produce an erection; used to treat erectile dysfunction

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78

prostatectomy

surgical procedure to remove all or part of the prostate

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79

prostatolithotomy

incision into the prostate to remove a stone

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80

transurethral incision of the prostate

surgical procedure for treating prostate gland enlargement by making one or two small incisions in the prostate to improve urine flow

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81

transurethral resection of the prostate

removal of the prostate through the urethra using a resectoscope; used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia

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82

vasectomy

surgical excising and closing off of a segment of each vas deferens to cause male sterality

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83

vasovasostomy

surgical reconnecting of the vasa deferentia in a male with a vasectomy to restore fertility; vasectomy reversal operation

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84

vesiculectomy

surgical removal of a part or all of a seminal vesicle

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85

antiretroviral

drug used for the treatment of infection by a retrovirus, primarily HIV

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86

antiviral

drug used specifically for treating viral infections

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87

impotence agent

drug used to treat erectile dysfunction

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88

vasodilator

drug used to open blood vessels; may be used to treat benign prostatic hypertrophy and erectile dysfunction

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89

urology

medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system and male reproductive system

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90

acquired immunodeficiency syndrom

AIDS

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91

benign prostatic hyperplasia

BPH

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92

digital rectal examination

DRE

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93

erectile dysfunction

ED

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94

human immunodeficiency virus

HIV

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95

human papillomavirus

HPV

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96

prostate-specific antigen

PSA

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97

transurethral incision of the prostate

TIP

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98

transrectal ultrasound

TRUS

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99

transurethral resection of the prostate

TURP

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100

venereal disease

VD

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