5-English 2: Units 1-15 Final Exam (copy)

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Anomalous

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300 Terms

1

Anomalous

(adj.) abnormal, irregula, departing from the usual

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2

Aspersion

(n.) a damaging or derogatory statement; the act of slandering or defaming

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3

Bizarre

(adj.)extremely strange, unusual, atypical

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4

Brusque

(adj.) abrupt, blunt, with no formalities

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5

Cajole

(v.) to coax, persuade through flattery or artifice; to deceive with soothing thoughts or false promises

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6

Castigate

(v.) to punish severley, to criticize severely

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7

Contrive

(v.) to plan with ingenuity, invent; to bring about as the result of a scheme or plan

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8

Demagogue

(n.) a leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power

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9

Disabuse

(v.) to free from deception or error, set right in ideas or thinking

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10

Ennui

(n.) weariness and dissatisfaction from lack of occupation or interest, boredom

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11

Fetter

(n.) a chain or shackle placed on the feet (often used in plural); anything that confines or restrains; (v.) to chain or shackle; to render helpless or impotent

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12

Heinous

(adj.) very wicked, offensive, hateful

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13

Immutable

(adj.) not subject to change, constant

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14

Insurgent

(n.) one who rebels or rises against authority; (adj.) rising in revolt, refusing to accept authority; surging or rushing in or on

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15

Megalomania

(n.) a delusion marked by a feeling of power, wealth, talent, etc., far in excess of reality

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16

Sinecure

(n.) a position requiring little or no work; an easy job

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17

Surreptitious

(adj.) stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation; made or accomplished by fraud

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18

Transgress

(v.) to go beyond a limit or boundary; to sin, violate a law

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19

Transmute

(v.) to change from one nature, substance, or form to another

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20

Vicarious

(adj.) performed, suffered, or otherwise experienced by one person in place of another.

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21

abstemious

(adj.) moderate, sparing (as in eating and drinking); characterized by abstinence and self-discipline

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22

censurable

(adj.) deserving of blame or correction

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23

contingent

(adj.) likely but not certain to happen, possible; dependent on uncertain events or conditions; happening by chance; (n.) a representative group forming part of a larger body

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24

corroborate

(v.) to confirm, make more certain, bolster, substatiate, verify

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25

denizen

(n.) an inhabitant, resident; one who frequents a place

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26

discursive

(adj.) passing aimlessly from one place or subject to another, rambling, roving, nomadic

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27

disseminate

(v.) to scatter or spread widely

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28

dowdy

(adj.) poorly dressed, shabby; lacking smartness and good taste

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29

florid

(adj.) highly colored, reddish; excessively ornate, showy

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30

foist

(v.) to impose by fraud; to pass off as worthy or genuine; to bring about by stealth, dishonesty, or coercion

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31

gauche

(adj.) awkward, lacking in social graces, tactless, clumsy

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32

heresy

(n.) an opinion different from accepted belief; the denial of an idea that is generally held sacred

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33

inculcate

(v.) to impress on the mind by repetition, teach persistently and earnestly

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34

palpable

(adj.) capable of being touched or felt; easily seen, heard, or recognized

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35

perceptive

(adj.) having sympathetic insight or understanding, capableof keen appreciation

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36

pernicious

(adj.) extremely harmful; deadly, fatal

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37

salient

(adj.) leaping, jumping, or springing forth; prominent, standing out, conspicuous; (n.) a projection or bulge, a land form that projects upward or outward

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38

satiate

(v.) to satisfy completely; to fill to excess; (adj.) full, satisfied

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39

sear

(v.) to make or become dry and withered; to char or scorch the surface of; to harden or make unfeeling; to parch, dessicate, singe

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40

specious

(adj.) deceptive, apparently good or valid but lacking real merit

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41

dissipate

verb; to cause to disappear; to scatter, dispel;

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42

disavow

verb; to deny responsibility for or connection with

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43

expurgate

verb; to remove objectionable passages or words from a written text;

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44

dispassionate

adj; impartial; free from emotion

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45

consternation

noun; dismay, confusion

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46

dissension

noun; disagreement, sharp difference of opinion

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47

bovine

adj; resembling a cow or ox; sluggish, unresponsive

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48

acrimonious

adj; stinging, bitter in temper or tone

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49

corpulent

adj; fat; having a large, bulky body

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50

subservient

adj; subordinate in capacity or role; serving to promote some end; submissively obedient

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51

perfidy

noun; faithlessness, treachery

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52

hypothetical

adj; based on an assumption or guess; used as a tentative idea to direct an investigate

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53

impugn

verb; to call into question, to attack as false

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54

odium

noun; hatred, contempt;

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55

intemperate

adj; immoderate; lacking in self-control

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56

ignoble

adj; mean, low, base

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57

squeamish

adj; inclined to nausea; easily shocked or upset;

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58

susceptible

adj; open to; easily influenced; lacking in resistance

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59

gauntlet

noun; an armored or protective glove; a challange to combat

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60

relegate

verb; to place in a lower position; to banish;

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61

approbation

the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval

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62

assuage

to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench

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63

coalition

a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose

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64

decadence

decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence

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65

elicit

to draw forth, bring out from some source (such as another person)

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66

expostulate

to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning

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67

hackneyed

used so often as to lack freshness or originality

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68

hiatus

a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing)

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69

innuendo

a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense)

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70

intercede

to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement

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71

jaded

wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated by excessive indulgence)

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72

lurid

causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint

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73

meritorious

worthy, deserving recognition and praise

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74

petulant

peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset

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75

prerogative

a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence

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76

provinical

adj. pertaining to an outlying area; local; narrow in mind or in outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward; of a simple, plain design that originated in the countryside; n. a person with a narrow point of view; a person from an outlying area; a soldier froma province or colony

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77

simulate

to make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of

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78

transcend

to rise above or beyond, exceed

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79

umbrage

(n.) shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; and overshadowing influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion

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80

unctuous

(adj.) excessively smooth or smug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable

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81

ameliorate

to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming

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82

aplomb

poise, assurance, great self-confidence; perpendicularity

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83

bombastic

(adj.) pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas

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84

callow

Without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers

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85

drivel

(n.) saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; nonsense; (v.) to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly

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86

epitome

a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality

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87

exhort

to urge strongly, advise earnestly

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88

ex officio

by virtue of holding a certain office

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89

infringe

to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds

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90

ingratiate

(v.) to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)

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91

interloper

(n.) one who moves in where he or she in not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder

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92

intrinsic

(adj.) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part

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93

inveigh

To make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval

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94

lassitude

Weariness of body or mind, lack of energy

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95

millenium

(n.) a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy

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96

occult

(adj.) mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means; (v.) to hide, conceal; eclipse; (n.) matters involving the supernatural

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97

permeate

To spread through, penetrate, soak through

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98

precipitate

(v.) to fall as moisture; to cause or bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height, to give distinct form to; (adj.) characterized by excessive haste; (n.) moisture; the product of an action or process

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99

stringent

Strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste

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100

surmise

(v.) to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess; (n.) likely idea that lacks definite proof

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