med terms exam 2

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a- (an- before vowel or h)

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468 Terms

1

a- (an- before vowel or h)

not, without, lacking, deficient

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2

anti- (ant- before vowel or h)

against, opposed to, preventing, relieving

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3

di-

two, twice, double

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4

dys-

difficult, painful, defective, abnormal

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5

ec- (ex- before vowel)

out of, away from

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6

ecto- (ect- before a vowel)

outside of

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7

en- (em- before b, m, p)

in, into, within

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8

endo-, ento- (end-, ent- before vowel)

within

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9

epi- (ep- before vowel or h)

upon, over, above

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10

exo-

outside, from the outside, toward the outside

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11

hemi-

half, partial; (often) one side of the body

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12

hyper-

over, above, excessive, beyond normal

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13

hypo- (hyp- before vowel or h)

under, deficient, below normal

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14

mono- (mon- before vowel or h)

one, single

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15

peri-

around, surrounding

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16

syn- (sym- before b, p, m)

together, with, joined

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17

-a

state, condition (forms nouns)

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18

-ac

pertaining to, located in (forms adjectives)

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19

-ia/ -y

state, condition (forms nouns)

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20

-iac

person afflicted with (forms nouns)

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21

-iasis

disease, abnormal condition, abnormal presence of (forms nouns)

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22

-ic

pertaining to, located in or indicate a drug or agent or person suffering from a certain disability or condition (can form adjectives or nouns)

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23

-in, -ine

forms names of substances (forms nouns)

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24

-ist

a person interested in (forms nouns)

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25

-itic

pertaining to; pertaining to inflammation or indicate a drug or agent (forms adjectives and nouns)

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26

-itis/ -itides

indicating an inflamed condition: inflammation (forms nouns)

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27

-ium/ -eum

membrane, connective tissue (forms nouns)

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28

-ma

abnormal or diseased condition (forms nouns)

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29

-osis

abnormal or diseased condition (forms nouns)

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30

-otic

pertaining to (forms adjectives)

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31

-sia

state, condition (forms nouns)

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32

-sis

state, condition (forms nouns)

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33

-tic

pertaining to or indicating a drug or agent (forms adjectives and nouns)

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34

acanth-

thorn, spine

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35

alg-

pain

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36

alges-

sensitivity to pain

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37

all-

other, divergence, difference from

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38

angi-

(blood) vessel, duct

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39

arteri-

[air passage] artery

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40

arthr-

joint

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41

bi-

life

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42

Brady-

slow

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43

cardi-

heart

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44

cephal-

head

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45

crani-

skull

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46

cyt-

[hollow container] cell

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47

encephal-

brain

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48

erythr-

red, red blood cell

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49

lept-

thin, fine, slight

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50

leuk-

white, white blood cell

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51

lith-

stone, calculus

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52

log-

word, study

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53

malac-

soft

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54

mes-

middle, secondary, partial, mesentery

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55

-meter, metr-

measure, measuring device

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56

nephr-

kidney

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57

neur-

[tendon] nerve, nervous system

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58

oste-

bone

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59

prosop-

face

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60

prot-

first, primitive, early

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61

scler-

hard

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62

sten-

narrow

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63

stere-

solid, having three dimensions

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64

tachy-

rapid

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65

tox(i)-

poison

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66

-logy

study, science, the study or science of

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67

-logist

one who specializes in a certain study or science

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68

-malacia

the softening (of tissues) of

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69

-sclerosis

the hardening (of tissues) of

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70

-stenosis

the narrowing (of a part of the body)

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71

-toxic

poisonous (to an organ)

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72

-toxin

a substance poisonous to (a part of the body)

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73

amphi-, ampho-

on both sides, around, both

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74

ana-

up, back, against

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75

apo-

away from

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76

cata- (cat- before vowel or h)

downward disordered

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77

dia- (di- before a vowel)

through, across, apart

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78

eso-

within, inner, inward

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79

eu-

good, normal, healthy

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80

heter-, hetero-

different, other, relationship to another

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81

homo-, homeo-

same, likeness

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82

meta- (met- before vowel or h)

change, transformation, after, behind

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83

para- (par- before vowel)

alongside, around, abnormal, beyond

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84

pro-

before

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85

pros-, prosth-

in place of

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86

-al

pertaining to, located in (forms adjectives)

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87

-ase

forms names of enzymes (forms nouns)

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88

-asia, -asis

state, condition (forms nouns)

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89

-ema

state, condition (forms nouns)

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90

-esis

state, condition, procedure (forms nouns)

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91

-etic

pertaining to (forms adjectives)

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92

-ics, -tics

indicating a particular science or study; science or study of (forms nouns)

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93

-ism

state, condition, quality (forms nouns)

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94

-ismus

state, condition, muscular spasm (forms nouns)

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95

-oid, -ode, -id

indicating a particular shape, form, or resemblance; like, resembling (forms adjectives and nouns)

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96

-oma

usually tumor, occasionally disease (forms nouns)

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97

-ose

names of chemical substances or full of, resembling (forms nouns and adjectives)

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98

-ous

pertaining to, characterized by, full of (forms adjectives)

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99

-us

condition, person (forms nouns)

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100

-ize

to make, become, cause to be, subject to, engage in (forms verbs)

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