Janson's History of Western Art: Chapters 1,2,3,4

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Hall of the Bulls

<p>Prehistoric ca. 15,000-13,000 BCE. Lascaux Cave, Dordogne, France</p>

Prehistoric ca. 15,000-13,000 BCE. Lascaux Cave, Dordogne, France

<p>Prehistoric ca. 15,000-13,000 BCE. Lascaux Cave, Dordogne, France</p>
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Prehistoric Hybrid figure with a human body and feline head

<p>ca. 40,000-35,000 BCE. Mammoth ivory, height 12 1/4&quot;. Germany.</p>

ca. 40,000-35,000 BCE. Mammoth ivory, height 12 1/4". Germany.

<p>ca. 40,000-35,000 BCE. Mammoth ivory, height 12 1/4&quot;. Germany.</p>
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Woman of Willendorf (Venus)

<p>Prehistoric ca. 28,000-25,000 BCE. Limestone, height 4 3/8&apos;&apos; (11.1 cm). Vienna.</p>

Prehistoric ca. 28,000-25,000 BCE. Limestone, height 4 3/8'' (11.1 cm). Vienna.

<p>Prehistoric ca. 28,000-25,000 BCE. Limestone, height 4 3/8&apos;&apos; (11.1 cm). Vienna.</p>
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Neolithic plastered skull

<p>Prehistoric ca. 7,000 BCE. Life size. Jericho, Jordan.</p>

Prehistoric ca. 7,000 BCE. Life size. Jericho, Jordan.

<p>Prehistoric ca. 7,000 BCE. Life size. Jericho, Jordan.</p>
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Jericho, Jordan

<p>aerial view</p>

aerial view

<p>aerial view</p>
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View of Town and Volcano

<p>Prehistoric ca. 6,000 BCE. Wall painting. Çatal Hüyük.</p>

Prehistoric ca. 6,000 BCE. Wall painting. Çatal Hüyük.

<p>Prehistoric ca. 6,000 BCE. Wall painting. Çatal Hüyük.</p>
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Stonehenge

<p>Prehistoric ca. 2400 BCE. Diameter of circle. 97&apos; (29.6m). Salisbury Plain, England.</p>

Prehistoric ca. 2400 BCE. Diameter of circle. 97' (29.6m). Salisbury Plain, England.

<p>Prehistoric ca. 2400 BCE. Diameter of circle. 97&apos; (29.6m). Salisbury Plain, England.</p>
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Statues from the Abu Temple

<p>Mesopotamian Tell Asmar, Iraq. ca. 2700-2500 BCE. Limestone, gypsum, and alabaster, height of tallest figure approx. 30&apos;&apos;. Iraq Museum and the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.</p>

Mesopotamian Tell Asmar, Iraq. ca. 2700-2500 BCE. Limestone, gypsum, and alabaster, height of tallest figure approx. 30''. Iraq Museum and the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.

<p>Mesopotamian Tell Asmar, Iraq. ca. 2700-2500 BCE. Limestone, gypsum, and alabaster, height of tallest figure approx. 30&apos;&apos;. Iraq Museum and the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.</p>
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Royal Standard of Ur

<p>Mesopotamian ca. 2600 BCE. Wood inlaid with shell, limestone, and lapis lazuli, height 8&quot;.</p>

Mesopotamian ca. 2600 BCE. Wood inlaid with shell, limestone, and lapis lazuli, height 8".

<p>Mesopotamian ca. 2600 BCE. Wood inlaid with shell, limestone, and lapis lazuli, height 8&quot;.</p>
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Bull Lyre, from the tomb of Queen Pu-abi

<p>Mesopotamian Ur, Iraq. ca. 2600 BCE. Wood with gold, lapis lazuli, bitumen, and shell, reassembled in modern wood support.</p>

Mesopotamian Ur, Iraq. ca. 2600 BCE. Wood with gold, lapis lazuli, bitumen, and shell, reassembled in modern wood support.

<p>Mesopotamian Ur, Iraq. ca. 2600 BCE. Wood with gold, lapis lazuli, bitumen, and shell, reassembled in modern wood support.</p>
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Head of an Akkadian Ruler

<p>Mesopotamian Iraq. ca. 2250-2200 BCE. Copper, height 12&quot;.</p>

Mesopotamian Iraq. ca. 2250-2200 BCE. Copper, height 12".

<p>Mesopotamian Iraq. ca. 2250-2200 BCE. Copper, height 12&quot;.</p>
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Stele of Naram-Sin

<p>Mesopotamian r. 2254-2218 BCE. Height 6&apos;6&quot;.</p>

Mesopotamian r. 2254-2218 BCE. Height 6'6".

<p>Mesopotamian r. 2254-2218 BCE. Height 6&apos;6&quot;.</p>
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Great Ziggurat of King Urnammu

<p>Mesopotamian ca. 2100 BCE. Mud, brick, and bitumen. Ur, Muqaiyir, Iraq.</p>

Mesopotamian ca. 2100 BCE. Mud, brick, and bitumen. Ur, Muqaiyir, Iraq.

<p>Mesopotamian ca. 2100 BCE. Mud, brick, and bitumen. Ur, Muqaiyir, Iraq.</p>
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Stele inscribed with the Law Code of Hammurabi

<p>Mesopotamian ca. 1760 BCE. Diorite, height of stele approx. 7&apos;, height of relief 2&apos;4&quot;</p>

Mesopotamian ca. 1760 BCE. Diorite, height of stele approx. 7', height of relief 2'4"

<p>Mesopotamian ca. 1760 BCE. Diorite, height of stele approx. 7&apos;, height of relief 2&apos;4&quot;</p>
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Reconstruction drawing of the citadel of Sargon II

<p>Mesopotamian ca. 721-705 BCE. Dur Sharrukin (Khorsabad), Iraq.</p>

Mesopotamian ca. 721-705 BCE. Dur Sharrukin (Khorsabad), Iraq.

<p>Mesopotamian ca. 721-705 BCE. Dur Sharrukin (Khorsabad), Iraq.</p>
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Gate of the citadel of Sargon II

<p>Mesopotamian 742-706 BCE. Dur Sharrukin (Khorsabad), Iraq.</p>

Mesopotamian 742-706 BCE. Dur Sharrukin (Khorsabad), Iraq.

<p>Mesopotamian 742-706 BCE. Dur Sharrukin (Khorsabad), Iraq.</p>
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Ishtar Gate (restored)

<p>Mesopotamian Babylon, Iraq. ca. 575 BCE. Glazed brick originally 40&apos; high.</p>

Mesopotamian Babylon, Iraq. ca. 575 BCE. Glazed brick originally 40' high.

<p>Mesopotamian Babylon, Iraq. ca. 575 BCE. Glazed brick originally 40&apos; high.</p>
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Palace of Darius and Xerxes

<p>Mesopotamian Persepolis, Iran. 518-460 BCE.</p>

Mesopotamian Persepolis, Iran. 518-460 BCE.

<p>Mesopotamian Persepolis, Iran. 518-460 BCE.</p>
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Palette of King Narmer

<p>Egyptian From Hierakonpolis. ca. 3150-3125 BCE. Slate, height 25&quot;.</p>

Egyptian From Hierakonpolis. ca. 3150-3125 BCE. Slate, height 25".

<p>Egyptian From Hierakonpolis. ca. 3150-3125 BCE. Slate, height 25&quot;.</p>
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Imhotep

<p>Egyptian Step pyramid and funerary complex of King Djoser. Saqqara. 3rd Dynasty. ca. 2681-2662 BCE.</p>

Egyptian Step pyramid and funerary complex of King Djoser. Saqqara. 3rd Dynasty. ca. 2681-2662 BCE.

<p>Egyptian Step pyramid and funerary complex of King Djoser. Saqqara. 3rd Dynasty. ca. 2681-2662 BCE.</p>
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Papyrus-shaped half-columns, North Palace

<p>Egyptian Funerary complex of King Djoser. Saqqara.</p>

Egyptian Funerary complex of King Djoser. Saqqara.

<p>Egyptian Funerary complex of King Djoser. Saqqara.</p>
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Pyramids of Giza

<p>Egyptian The pyramids of Menkaure, Khafra, and Khufu. ca. 2600-2500 BCE.</p>

Egyptian The pyramids of Menkaure, Khafra, and Khufu. ca. 2600-2500 BCE.

<p>Egyptian The pyramids of Menkaure, Khafra, and Khufu. ca. 2600-2500 BCE.</p>
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The Great Sphinx of Giza

<p>Egyptian ca. 2570-2544 BCE. Sandstone, height 65&apos;</p>

Egyptian ca. 2570-2544 BCE. Sandstone, height 65'

<p>Egyptian ca. 2570-2544 BCE. Sandstone, height 65&apos;</p>
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Menkaure and his wife, Queen Khamerernebty II

<p>Egyptian From Giza. ca. 2515 BCE. Slate, height 56&quot;.</p>

Egyptian From Giza. ca. 2515 BCE. Slate, height 56".

<p>Egyptian From Giza. ca. 2515 BCE. Slate, height 56&quot;.</p>
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Ti Watching a Hippopotamus Hunt

<p>Egyptian Tomb of Ti, Saqqara. ca. 2510-2460 BCE. Painted limestone relief, height approx. 45&quot;.</p>

Egyptian Tomb of Ti, Saqqara. ca. 2510-2460 BCE. Painted limestone relief, height approx. 45".

<p>Egyptian Tomb of Ti, Saqqara. ca. 2510-2460 BCE. Painted limestone relief, height approx. 45&quot;.</p>
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Temple of Hatshepsut

<p>Egyptian Deir el-Bahri. ca. 1478-1458 BCE.</p>

Egyptian Deir el-Bahri. ca. 1478-1458 BCE.

<p>Egyptian Deir el-Bahri. ca. 1478-1458 BCE.</p>
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Temple of Ramses II

<p>Egyptian Abu Simbel. 19th Dynasty. ca. 1279-1213 BCE.</p>

Egyptian Abu Simbel. 19th Dynasty. ca. 1279-1213 BCE.

<p>Egyptian Abu Simbel. 19th Dynasty. ca. 1279-1213 BCE.</p>
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Interior of Temple of Ramses II

<p>Egyptian Abu Simbel. 19th Dynasty. ca. 1279-1213 BCE.</p>

Egyptian Abu Simbel. 19th Dynasty. ca. 1279-1213 BCE.

<p>Egyptian Abu Simbel. 19th Dynasty. ca. 1279-1213 BCE.</p>
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Akhenaten

<p>Egyptian From Karnak, Thebes. 1353-1335 BCE. Sandstone, approx. 13&apos;</p>

Egyptian From Karnak, Thebes. 1353-1335 BCE. Sandstone, approx. 13'

<p>Egyptian From Karnak, Thebes. 1353-1335 BCE. Sandstone, approx. 13&apos;</p>
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Akhenaten and His Family

<p>Egyptian ca. 1355 BCE. Limestone, 12&quot; x 15&quot;.</p>

Egyptian ca. 1355 BCE. Limestone, 12" x 15".

<p>Egyptian ca. 1355 BCE. Limestone, 12&quot; x 15&quot;.</p>
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Queen Nefertiti

<p>Egyptian ca. 1348-1336 BCE. Limestone, height 19&quot;.</p>

Egyptian ca. 1348-1336 BCE. Limestone, height 19".

<p>Egyptian ca. 1348-1336 BCE. Limestone, height 19&quot;.</p>
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King Tutankhamun coffin cover

<p>Egyptian 18th Dynasty. Gold, height 72&quot;.</p>

Egyptian 18th Dynasty. Gold, height 72".

<p>Egyptian 18th Dynasty. Gold, height 72&quot;.</p>
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The Weighing of the Heart and Judgement by Osiris

<p>Egyptian From The Book of the Dead of Hunefer. 1285 BCE. Painted papyrus, height 15&quot;.</p>

Egyptian From The Book of the Dead of Hunefer. 1285 BCE. Painted papyrus, height 15".

<p>Egyptian From The Book of the Dead of Hunefer. 1285 BCE. Painted papyrus, height 15&quot;.</p>
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Wounded Bison,

<p>Prehistoric Altamira, Spain. ca. 15,000 10,000 bce, wall painting</p>

Prehistoric Altamira, Spain. ca. 15,000 10,000 bce, wall painting

<p>Prehistoric Altamira, Spain. ca. 15,000 10,000 bce, wall painting</p>
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Bear, Recess of the Bears

<p>Prehistoric Chauvet Cave, Vallon-Pont-d Arc, Ardèche Gorge, France. ca. 30,000 28,000 bce</p>

Prehistoric Chauvet Cave, Vallon-Pont-d Arc, Ardèche Gorge, France. ca. 30,000 28,000 bce

<p>Prehistoric Chauvet Cave, Vallon-Pont-d Arc, Ardèche Gorge, France. ca. 30,000 28,000 bce</p>
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Chinese Horse

<p>Prehistoric LascauxCave,Dordogne,France. ca. 15,000 13,000 bce</p>

Prehistoric LascauxCave,Dordogne,France. ca. 15,000 13,000 bce

<p>Prehistoric LascauxCave,Dordogne,France. ca. 15,000 13,000 bce</p>
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Rhinoceros,Wounded Man,and Bison

<p>Prehistoric Dordogne,France.ca.15,000 13,000bce</p>

Prehistoric Dordogne,France.ca.15,000 13,000bce

<p>Prehistoric Dordogne,France.ca.15,000 13,000bce</p>
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Spotted Horses and Human Hands

<p>Prehistoric Pech-Merle Cave, Dordogne, France. Horses ca. 16,000 bce; hands ca. 15,000 bce. Limestone,</p>

Prehistoric Pech-Merle Cave, Dordogne, France. Horses ca. 16,000 bce; hands ca. 15,000 bce. Limestone,

<p>Prehistoric Pech-Merle Cave, Dordogne, France. Horses ca. 16,000 bce; hands ca. 15,000 bce. Limestone,</p>
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Overlapping animal engravings

<p>Prehistoric Les Trois Frères, France. ca. 40,000 10,000 bce. Rubbing of the panel done by Abbé Breuil from Begohen Collection</p>

Prehistoric Les Trois Frères, France. ca. 40,000 10,000 bce. Rubbing of the panel done by Abbé Breuil from Begohen Collection

<p>Prehistoric Les Trois Frères, France. ca. 40,000 10,000 bce. Rubbing of the panel done by Abbé Breuil from Begohen Collection</p>
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Hybrid figure with a human body and feline head

<p>Prehistoric Hohlenstein-Stadel (Baden-Württemberg), Germany. ca. 30,000 bce. Mammoth ivory, height 111*2&quot; (29.6 cm). Ulma Museum, Ulm, Germany</p>

Prehistoric Hohlenstein-Stadel (Baden-Württemberg), Germany. ca. 30,000 bce. Mammoth ivory, height 111*2" (29.6 cm). Ulma Museum, Ulm, Germany

<p>Prehistoric Hohlenstein-Stadel (Baden-Württemberg), Germany. ca. 30,000 bce. Mammoth ivory, height 111*2&quot; (29.6 cm). Ulma Museum, Ulm, Germany</p>
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Horse

<p>Prehistoric Vogelherd Cave, Germany . ca. 28,000 bce. Mammoth ivory, height 2&quot; (5 cm). Institut für Urgeschichte, Universität Tübingen</p>

Prehistoric Vogelherd Cave, Germany . ca. 28,000 bce. Mammoth ivory, height 2" (5 cm). Institut für Urgeschichte, Universität Tübingen

<p>Prehistoric Vogelherd Cave, Germany . ca. 28,000 bce. Mammoth ivory, height 2&quot; (5 cm). Institut für Urgeschichte, Universität Tübingen</p>
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Spear Thrower with Interlocking Ibexes

<p>Prehistoric Grotte d Enlène, Ariège, France .ca. 16,000bce. Reindeer antler, 312 +234&quot;(9+7cm).Musée de l&apos;Homme, Paris</p>

Prehistoric Grotte d Enlène, Ariège, France .ca. 16,000bce. Reindeer antler, 312 +234"(9+7cm).Musée de l'Homme, Paris

<p>Prehistoric Grotte d Enlène, Ariège, France .ca. 16,000bce. Reindeer antler, 312 +234&quot;(9+7cm).Musée de l&apos;Homme, Paris</p>
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Two Bison

<p>Prehistoric Le Tuc d&apos;Audoubert Cave, Ariège, France. ca. 13,000 bce. Clay, length 23 1/4&quot; (60 cm)</p>

Prehistoric Le Tuc d'Audoubert Cave, Ariège, France. ca. 13,000 bce. Clay, length 23 1/4" (60 cm)

<p>Prehistoric Le Tuc d&apos;Audoubert Cave, Ariège, France. ca. 13,000 bce. Clay, length 23 1/4&quot; (60 cm)</p>
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Woman from Brassempouy

<p>Prehistoric Grotte du Pape, Brassempouy, France. ca. 22,000 bce. Ivory, height 11*2&quot; (3.6 cm). Musée des Antiquités Nationales, Saint-Germain-en-Laye</p>

Prehistoric Grotte du Pape, Brassempouy, France. ca. 22,000 bce. Ivory, height 11*2" (3.6 cm). Musée des Antiquités Nationales, Saint-Germain-en-Laye

<p>Prehistoric Grotte du Pape, Brassempouy, France. ca. 22,000 bce. Ivory, height 11*2&quot; (3.6 cm). Musée des Antiquités Nationales, Saint-Germain-en-Laye</p>
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House at Mezhirich, Ukraine.

<p>Prehistoric 16,000-10,000 bce. Mammoth bone</p>

Prehistoric 16,000-10,000 bce. Mammoth bone

<p>Prehistoric 16,000-10,000 bce. Mammoth bone</p>
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Human figures

<p>Prehistoric Jordan. ca. 6750-6250 BCE Height of larger figure 33&quot; (84 cm). Department of Antiquities, Amman</p>

Prehistoric Jordan. ca. 6750-6250 BCE Height of larger figure 33" (84 cm). Department of Antiquities, Amman

<p>Prehistoric Jordan. ca. 6750-6250 BCE Height of larger figure 33&quot; (84 cm). Department of Antiquities, Amman</p>
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View of Town and Volcano

<p>Prehistoric Shrine VII.14, Çatal Hüyük. ca. 6000 bce. Wall painting</p>

Prehistoric Shrine VII.14, Çatal Hüyük. ca. 6000 bce. Wall painting

<p>Prehistoric Shrine VII.14, Çatal Hüyük. ca. 6000 bce. Wall painting</p>
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Animal Hunt

<p>Prehistoric Restoration of Main Room, Shrine A.III.1, Çatal Hüyük. ca. 6000 bce (after Mellaart)</p>

Prehistoric Restoration of Main Room, Shrine A.III.1, Çatal Hüyük. ca. 6000 bce (after Mellaart)

<p>Prehistoric Restoration of Main Room, Shrine A.III.1, Çatal Hüyük. ca. 6000 bce (after Mellaart)</p>
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Female and male figures

<p>Prehistoric Cernavoda, Romania. ca. 3500 bce. Ceramic, height 4 1*2&quot; (11.5 cm). National Museum of Antiquities, Bucharest</p>

Prehistoric Cernavoda, Romania. ca. 3500 bce. Ceramic, height 4 1*2" (11.5 cm). National Museum of Antiquities, Bucharest

<p>Prehistoric Cernavoda, Romania. ca. 3500 bce. Ceramic, height 4 1*2&quot; (11.5 cm). National Museum of Antiquities, Bucharest</p>
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House at Skara Brae

<p>Prehistoric Orkney, Scotland. ca. 3100 2600 bce</p>

Prehistoric Orkney, Scotland. ca. 3100 2600 bce

<p>Prehistoric Orkney, Scotland. ca. 3100 2600 bce</p>
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Menhir alignments at Ménec,

<p>Prehistoric Carnac, France. ca. 4250 3750 bce</p>

Prehistoric Carnac, France. ca. 4250 3750 bce

<p>Prehistoric Carnac, France. ca. 4250 3750 bce</p>
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Babylonian deed of sale

<p>Mesopotamian ca. 1750 bce. This deed graphically shows the impressions made by the stylus in the soft clay. Department of Western Asiatic Antiques, No. 33236. The British Museum, London</p>

Mesopotamian ca. 1750 bce. This deed graphically shows the impressions made by the stylus in the soft clay. Department of Western Asiatic Antiques, No. 33236. The British Museum, London

<p>Mesopotamian ca. 1750 bce. This deed graphically shows the impressions made by the stylus in the soft clay. Department of Western Asiatic Antiques, No. 33236. The British Museum, London</p>
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Remains of the White Temple on its ziggurat

<p>Mesopotamian ca. 3500 3000 bce. Uruk (Warka), Iraq</p>

Mesopotamian ca. 3500 3000 bce. Uruk (Warka), Iraq

<p>Mesopotamian ca. 3500 3000 bce. Uruk (Warka), Iraq</p>
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Female Head

<p>Mesopotamian Uruk (Warka), Iraq. ca. 3200-3000 BCE Limestone, height 8&quot; (20.3 cm). Iraq Museum, Baghdad.</p>

Mesopotamian Uruk (Warka), Iraq. ca. 3200-3000 BCE Limestone, height 8" (20.3 cm). Iraq Museum, Baghdad.

<p>Mesopotamian Uruk (Warka), Iraq. ca. 3200-3000 BCE Limestone, height 8&quot; (20.3 cm). Iraq Museum, Baghdad.</p>
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Goat in Thicket (Ram and Tree)

<p>Mesopotamian one of the pair from the Great Death Pit in the Royal Cemetery of Ur, Muqaiyir, Iraq. ca. 2600 bce. Wood, gold, lapis lazuli, height 20&quot; (50.8 cm).</p>

Mesopotamian one of the pair from the Great Death Pit in the Royal Cemetery of Ur, Muqaiyir, Iraq. ca. 2600 bce. Wood, gold, lapis lazuli, height 20" (50.8 cm).

<p>Mesopotamian one of the pair from the Great Death Pit in the Royal Cemetery of Ur, Muqaiyir, Iraq. ca. 2600 bce. Wood, gold, lapis lazuli, height 20&quot; (50.8 cm).</p>
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Inlay panel from the soundbox of lyre

<p>Mesopotamian (Muqaiyir), Iraq. ca. 2600 bce. Shell and bitumen</p>

Mesopotamian (Muqaiyir), Iraq. ca. 2600 bce. Shell and bitumen

<p>Mesopotamian (Muqaiyir), Iraq. ca. 2600 bce. Shell and bitumen</p>
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Priest-King Feeding Sacred Sheep

<p>Mesopotamian vicinity of Uruk (Warka), Iraq. ca. 3300 bce. Cylinder sealing,</p>

Mesopotamian vicinity of Uruk (Warka), Iraq. ca. 3300 bce. Cylinder sealing,

<p>Mesopotamian vicinity of Uruk (Warka), Iraq. ca. 3300 bce. Cylinder sealing,</p>
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Stele of Naram-Sin

<p>Mesopotamian 2254 2218 bce.</p>

Mesopotamian 2254 2218 bce.

<p>Mesopotamian 2254 2218 bce.</p>
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Head of Gudea

<p>Mesopotamian Lagash (Telloh), Iraq. ca. 2100 bce. Diorite</p>

Mesopotamian Lagash (Telloh), Iraq. ca. 2100 bce. Diorite

<p>Mesopotamian Lagash (Telloh), Iraq. ca. 2100 bce. Diorite</p>
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Seated statue of Gudea holding temple plan

<p>Mesopotamian  irsu (Telloh), Iraq. ca. 2100 bce. Diorite</p>

Mesopotamian irsu (Telloh), Iraq. ca. 2100 bce. Diorite

<p>Mesopotamian  irsu (Telloh), Iraq. ca. 2100 bce. Diorite</p>
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Fugitives Crossing River

<p>Mesopotamian Northwest Palace of Ashurnasirpal II, Nimrud (Calah), Iraq. ca. 883 859 bce. Alabaster</p>

Mesopotamian Northwest Palace of Ashurnasirpal II, Nimrud (Calah), Iraq. ca. 883 859 bce. Alabaster

<p>Mesopotamian Northwest Palace of Ashurnasirpal II, Nimrud (Calah), Iraq. ca. 883 859 bce. Alabaster</p>
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Lion Hunt relief

<p>Mesopotamian  the North Palace of Ashurbanipal, Nineveh. ca.645bce</p>

Mesopotamian the North Palace of Ashurbanipal, Nineveh. ca.645bce

<p>Mesopotamian  the North Palace of Ashurbanipal, Nineveh. ca.645bce</p>
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Ishtar Gate

<p>Mesopotamian Babylon, Iraq. ca. 575 bce. Glazed brick</p>

Mesopotamian Babylon, Iraq. ca. 575 bce. Glazed brick

<p>Mesopotamian Babylon, Iraq. ca. 575 bce. Glazed brick</p>
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The Lion Gate

<p>Mesopotamian Bogazköy, Anatolia (Turkey)</p>

Mesopotamian Bogazköy, Anatolia (Turkey)

<p>Mesopotamian Bogazköy, Anatolia (Turkey)</p>
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Phoenician ivory plaque depicting a winged sphinx

<p>Mesopotamian Fort Shalmaneser, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Iraq. ca. 8th century bce</p>

Mesopotamian Fort Shalmaneser, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Iraq. ca. 8th century bce

<p>Mesopotamian Fort Shalmaneser, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Iraq. ca. 8th century bce</p>
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Temple of Solomon

<p>Mesopotamian Jerusalem. ca. 457 450 bce</p>

Mesopotamian Jerusalem. ca. 457 450 bce

<p>Mesopotamian Jerusalem. ca. 457 450 bce</p>
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Painted beaker

<p>Mesopotamian Susa. ca. 4000 bce.</p>

Mesopotamian Susa. ca. 4000 bce.

<p>Mesopotamian Susa. ca. 4000 bce.</p>
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68
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Achaemenid rhyton

<p>Mesopotamian  5th-3rd centuries bce. Gold.</p>

Mesopotamian 5th-3rd centuries bce. Gold.

<p>Mesopotamian  5th-3rd centuries bce. Gold.</p>
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69
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Darius and Xerxes

<p>Mesopotamian  Persepolis, Iran. ca. 500 bce</p>

Mesopotamian Persepolis, Iran. ca. 500 bce

<p>Mesopotamian  Persepolis, Iran. ca. 500 bce</p>
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Bull capital

<p>Mesopotamian Persepolis. ca. 500 bce.</p>

Mesopotamian Persepolis. ca. 500 bce.

<p>Mesopotamian Persepolis. ca. 500 bce.</p>
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71
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Darius and Xerxes Giving Audience

<p>Mesopotamian 490 bce. Limestone</p>

Mesopotamian 490 bce. Limestone

<p>Mesopotamian 490 bce. Limestone</p>
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72
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Shapur I Triumphing over the Roman Emperors Philip the Arab and Valeria

<p>Mesopotamian Naksh-i- Rustam (near Persepolis), Iran. 260-272 ce</p>

Mesopotamian Naksh-i- Rustam (near Persepolis), Iran. 260-272 ce

<p>Mesopotamian Naksh-i- Rustam (near Persepolis), Iran. 260-272 ce</p>
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73
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Palace of Shapur I

<p>Mesopotamian Ctesiphon, Iraq. 242 272 ce</p>

Mesopotamian Ctesiphon, Iraq. 242 272 ce

<p>Mesopotamian Ctesiphon, Iraq. 242 272 ce</p>
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74
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Peroz I (457 483) or Kavad I hunting ram

<p>Mesopotamian 5th 6th century ce. Silver, mercury gilding, niello inlay,</p>

Mesopotamian 5th 6th century ce. Silver, mercury gilding, niello inlay,

<p>Mesopotamian 5th 6th century ce. Silver, mercury gilding, niello inlay,</p>
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75
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People, boats, and animals

<p>Egyptian decorated tomb chamber showing people, boats and animals in the late predynastic Tomb 100 at Hierakonpolis. ca. 3000 bce</p>

Egyptian decorated tomb chamber showing people, boats and animals in the late predynastic Tomb 100 at Hierakonpolis. ca. 3000 bce

<p>Egyptian decorated tomb chamber showing people, boats and animals in the late predynastic Tomb 100 at Hierakonpolis. ca. 3000 bce</p>
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76
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Imhotep. Step pyramid and funerary complex of King Djoser, Saqqar

<p>Egyptian 3rd Dynasty. ca. 2681 2662 bce Rock</p>

Egyptian 3rd Dynasty. ca. 2681 2662 bce Rock

<p>Egyptian 3rd Dynasty. ca. 2681 2662 bce Rock</p>
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77
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Papyrus-shaped half-columns

<p>Egyptian ,North Palace, funerary complex of King Djoser, Saqqara</p>

Egyptian ,North Palace, funerary complex of King Djoser, Saqqara

<p>Egyptian ,North Palace, funerary complex of King Djoser, Saqqara</p>
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78
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Khafra

<p>Egyptian,Giza. ca. 2500 bce. Diorite</p>

Egyptian,Giza. ca. 2500 bce. Diorite

<p>Egyptian,Giza. ca. 2500 bce. Diorite</p>
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Prince Rahotep and His Wife, Nofret

<p>Egyptian 2580 bce. Painted limestone</p>

Egyptian 2580 bce. Painted limestone

<p>Egyptian 2580 bce. Painted limestone</p>
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80
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Relief Panel of Hesy-ra

<p>Egyptian Saqqara. ca. 2660 bce. Wood</p>

Egyptian Saqqara. ca. 2660 bce. Wood

<p>Egyptian Saqqara. ca. 2660 bce. Wood</p>
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81
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Ti Watching a Hippopotamus Hunt

<p>Egyptian Tomb of Ti, Saqqara. ca.2510 2460bce. Painted limestone relief</p>

Egyptian Tomb of Ti, Saqqara. ca.2510 2460bce. Painted limestone relief

<p>Egyptian Tomb of Ti, Saqqara. ca.2510 2460bce. Painted limestone relief</p>
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82
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Seated Scribe

<p>Egyptian Saqqara. ca.2400bce .Limestone ,</p>

Egyptian Saqqara. ca.2400bce .Limestone ,

<p>Egyptian Saqqara. ca.2400bce .Limestone ,</p>
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83
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Senwosret III

<p>Egyptian ca. 1850 bce. Quartzite</p>

Egyptian ca. 1850 bce. Quartzite

<p>Egyptian ca. 1850 bce. Quartzite</p>
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84
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Lady Sennuwy

<p>Egyptian 1920 bce. Granite</p>

Egyptian 1920 bce. Granite

<p>Egyptian 1920 bce. Granite</p>
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