Normal Language Test 1

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Mean Length utterance is the average number of morphemes in children's words.

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1

Mean Length utterance is the average number of morphemes in children's words.

False

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2

The method of calculating the number of morphemes in children's utterances involves counting some 2-3 word phrases as only a single word.

True

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3

There are______ morphemes in the following utterance. "I saw Big Bird"

3

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4

The number of morphemes in the following statement are...." My mom works at school."

6

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5

Abilities present at birth in the human brain that are not acquired are known as_________

Innate

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6

An organized representation of knowledge is also known as a _________.

Thoughts

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7

There are three types of neurons, _________, sensory and interneuron

Motor

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8

Children have an expressive vocabulary of _________ at 24 months.

200

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9

When a child learns two languages, the child's true vocabulary knowledge is scored, rather than the language that is being learned. This is known as ____________.

Conceptual scoring

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10

When a child labels all animals that are furry and have 4 legs "doggy" it is known as _________.

Overextension

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11

The cognitive process that involves fitting this new entity into an existing schema is called_________.

Assimilation

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12

_____involves changing an existing schema to make the new entity fit.

Accommodation

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13

What is the stage in Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development where children form ideas based on their perceptions

Preoperational

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14

______ are things or events that excite infants; sight, sound, touch, taste, or smell

Stimuli

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15

In this stage of Piaget's theory of development, Children discover the environment, and learn through sensory perception and motor activity.____________

Sensorimotor

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16

______is when children remember that an object exists even if it is not seen.

Object Permanence

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17

Between18-12 months ,infants can anticipate events they also establish goals and ways of getting what they want. This is known as _________________

Mean end behavior

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18

When children create roles for others in a play scheme is known as __________

Decentration

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19

Language and play are both dependent on ________

Representational skill

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20

Two things that play a role in children's pretend play are causal cognition and _________

Counterfactual reasoning

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21

During joint attention when the infant and another person share the same direction of eye gaze, the most significant feature is that ___________

They comprehend words

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22

______awareness is a factor in children's literacy development.

Phonological

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23

_____allows children to hold, process and manipulate information or keep this

Working Memory

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24

The ability to perceive and understand sounds that are associated with spoken language is _________

Auditory Perception

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25

The first stage of babbling in which the infant produces the same consonant vowel syllables is known as_________

Reduplicated babbling

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26

Babbling occurs between these months________

4-7

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27

In what stage of infant productions do you hear vegetative sounds such as burping and coughing?

Reflexive

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28

The speech production that is very similar to an adults speech productin in intonation and rhythm and is intermixed with real words is known as_______

Jargon

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29

The four stages of cognitive skills are: perception, attention, memory, thought and ______

Reasoning

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30

The knowledge needed to achieve or accomplish a goal. Knowledge that was not explicitly taught or talked about to the infant. Instead, it is knowledge that is possessed by the infant.____

Practical intelligence

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31

What is the requirement in understanding pronouns?

Morphology

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32

Prosody is a communicative tool that involves __________, intensity and frequency when producing words.

Duration

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33

Speech is defined as the verbal means of communicating through___

Articulation

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34

Phonemes are the smallest units of sound that create a _________ in meaning.

meaning

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35

Theory of mind is the ability to understand the mental states of _____________.

Others

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36

A person, place or thing is a ____

Noun

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37

Communication is the process of exchanging information through a speaker's ideas, _______, feelings, needs, or desires

Thoughts

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38

An example of a paralinguistic cue is _______

Affect

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39

Linguistic competence involves the acquisition and use of ___________, phonology, syntax, and semantics.

morphology

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40

Phonology is the part of language that is concerned with the ______________of speech sounds for word formation.

Combination

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41

Language is defined as a shared ______ that represents concepts through the use of arbitrary _____

Code, symbols

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42

A phonological process describes a child's production that ___________ from the target word produced by adults.

Differs

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43

Syntax is a component of language that involves ______ for combining words to form sentences.

Rules

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44

Grammar is the description of a language with respect to its components. These are ______, content and use. a. meaning

form

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45

Verbs are _____ words.

Action

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46

Morphemes are the ____________ distinctive units of words that determine meaning.

Minimum

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47

Semantics describes the ________ that is conveyed by words.

Meaning

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48

Pragmatics refers to the appropriate use of language in _____________

social interaction

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49

A speech act labels a speaker's __________ or __________.

intent / meaning

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50

Modal auxiliary verbs makes speech more_____

polite

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51

Cognition involves knowledge and ________

intellectual level

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52

Working memory is defined as the holding of _____________in mind as well as updating it when necessary.

Information

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53

_______ allows you to know what information is already known by the listener.

social cognition

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54

________ refers to the cognitive abilities used to control and coordinate information for planning goals, controlling responses, keeping information, shifting between tasks.

executive function

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55

Metalinguistic abilities are the ability to think overtly about___________;manipulate the structural features of phonemes, words or sentences.

semantics

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56

___________ is the child's self-knowledge of his own language and thought processes.

metacognition

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57

The Central Nervous system in humans is composed of the ________ and _________.

Brain and spinal cord

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58

The basic functional unit of the nervous system. A nerve cell that receives and sends electrical signals within the body.

Neuron

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59

The ability of the brain to change and adapt when the individual is exposed to new experiences is called______

Neuroplasticity

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60

Chemicals that allow the transmission of signals from one neuron to the next across a synaptic cleft are ________

Neurotransmitters

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61

Nerve cells that transmit information to the central nervous system that includes sensations: sight, touch, smell, hearing are ___

Sensory Neurons

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62

Nerve cells that transmit directions to muscles for movement are _____

motor neurons

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63

_____is the cell body of the neuron and integrates and transmits information to other cells.

Soma

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64

The _____________allows transfer of sensory, motor and cognitive information between the two hemispheres.

Corpus Callosum

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65

The ___________ is the projection of a nerve cell that conducts impulses from the neuron.

Axon

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66

The _________is the projection of the nerve cell that conducts impulses to the cell body.

Dendrite

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67

The ___________is responsible for control of connected speech efforts important for performance of voluntary actions.

Cerebellum

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68

The ____________ is responsible for planning, execution, and monitoring, writing.

Parietal Lobe

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69

The ___________is responsible for speech reception or understanding of spoken language.

Temporal Lobe

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70

________is the primary auditory area and plays a role in processing linguistic information.

Heschl's gyrus

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71

_______is located in the left frontal lobe and is responsible for speech production.

Broca's area

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72

____Is located in the temporal lobe and is responsible for understanding sounds

Wernicke's area

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73

A bundle of nerve fibers that connects Broca's are to Wernicke's area is the ______

Arcuate Fasciculus

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74

This cranial nerve is involved in facial expression. ___

VII facial

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75

This cranial nerve is innervating the speech production muscles. __

V trigeminal

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76

This cranial nerve is involved in the function of the tongue and pharynx. _____

IX glossopharyngeal

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77

________is the ability to discriminate between sounds.

Categorical perception

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78

A sheet that covers some neurons and allows the electrical stimulation to move faster from neuron to neuron is the _______

Myelin

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79

The ___________ is the space between neurons.

Synaptic Cleft

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80

The _________lobe is responsible for visual sensory input.

Occipital Lobe

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81

Is a type of neuron that fires when individuals perceive the facial expressions or actions of others.

Mirror neuron

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82

The ability to draw conclusions from written text is known as _______________.

Abstract thought

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83

A subcortical structure that plays a role in reading and language processing is the ______

basal ganglia

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84

__________. Is the relay station, conveying information to and from the cerebral cortex.

Thalamus

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85

The ability to understand others' mental states, such as an individual's beliefs, intents and wishes is

Theory of Mind

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86

An innate language acquisition device (LAD) allows children to establish grammatical information from spoken language.

Principles and parameters

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87

Language develops through experience with language as it is used in the environment. Language information is gained from interaction with peers and adults with more advanced language skills.

Social Interaction

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88

Language develops through pattern finding for language used across different situations.

Emergentism

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89

Children learn through schemas, consisting of psychological structures that allow children to attach meaning to entities.

Cognitive

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90

________ are innate language general rules that include general principles that apply to all languages.

Principles

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91

_____are psychological structures that allow children to understand, attach meaning and organize knowledge about entities they are exposed to in the environment.

LAD

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92

________are language specific rules that apply to the specific syntactic structure for different languages.

Parameters

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93

_________ is the approach frequently used by adults to support learning language.

scaffolding

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94

______is the ability to produce words for entities or events that are out of sight.

Object Permanence

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95

_______ describes the distance between a child's actual development and ta child's and his potential development.

Zone of proximal development

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