US HISTORY chapter 5/6 test

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they were worried because they didn't trust the national government to protect their rights

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1

they were worried because they didn't trust the national government to protect their rights

What was the response of the Anti-federalists to the constitution?

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9

How many states had to ratify the Constitution for it to be approved?

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3

addition of a bill of rights

What guarantee did some states want before they ratified the Constitution?

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James Madison

One of the leading Federalists was

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5

10

How many amendments were approved in the Bill of Rights in the end?

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6

James Madison

BLANK is called the father of the Constitution

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Framers

Delegates to the constitutional convention are now called the BLANK

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George Washington

BLANK was chosen unanimously chosen to lead the constitutional convention

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Virginia

The BLANK plan proposed separating government into 3 branches

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state's rights

One important issue of the Constitutional Convention was whether to have a strong national government or protect BLANK

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11

New Jersey

William Patterson proposed a "small state" plan that was known as the BLANK plan.

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Great Compromise

The idea of creating a bicameral legislature that would balance representation between large and small states was called the BLANK

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threee-fifths

Delegates agreed that BLANK of a state's slave population would be counted for the purpose of representation and taxation.

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14

checks

The Framers of the Constitution created a system of BLANK and balances to prevent any branch of government from becoming too powerful

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Legislative

House of Representatives and the Senate make up the BLANK branch of the US government

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16

False

Republican motherhood was an expression of American's belief that women should tend to their farms as carefully as they tend to their children TRUE OR FALSE

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True

The Confederation had little money so it could not support an army or navy TRUE OR FALSE

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False

The Articles of Confederation established a national court system TRUE OR FALSE

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True

One of the Confederation's major problems was that the paper money issued during the was was not backed by gold or silver TRUE OR FALSE

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True

One major accomplishment of the Confederation was the establishment of a system for settling the western territories. TRUE OR FALSE

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21

Executive departments

The department of state, war, and treasury are what kind of departments?

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22

Bill of Rights

The first ten amendments of the constitution are known as the

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23

To increase the government's revenue

As secretary of the treasury, what was Alexander Hamilton's greatest challenge?

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24

Southern members of the congress agreed to vote for Alexander Hamilton's debt bill if the capital was moved to the South.

Why was the US capital moved from Philadelphia to the new Federal City in the South?

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To control credit and make loans to the government

What was the Purpose of the National Bank?

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26

True

After the American Revolution, conflict in the Northwest Territory erupted between remaining British soldiers and Native Americans. TRUE OR FALSE

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True

President Washington believed the future of the United States depended on staying neutral in the war between France and Great Britain. TRUE OR FALSE

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True

The New US Constitution specified the presidency would go to the candidate who won the most votes, and the vice presidency would go to the candidate who came in second. TRUE OR FALSE

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False

The XYZ affair nearly led to war between the US and Great Britain. TRUE OR FALSE

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True

During John Adams' presidency, Congress passed several laws that contradicted the First amendment rights of free speech and a free press. TRUE OR FALSE

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Election of 1800

First election in which power passed from one American political party to another

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12th Amendment

Changed voting system so electors cast separate ballots for president and vice president

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Aaron Burr

Killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel

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Judiciary Act of 1789

Power of Courts to review the constitutionality of laws

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35

Zebulon M. Pike

Explored the upper Mississippi Valley and later the Southwest

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Sacagawea

Shoshone Woman who guided the Lewis and Clark expedition

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Louisiana Purchase

Land purchase that almost doubled the territory of the United States

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Corps of Discovery

Another name for the Lewis and Clark expedition

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Midnight Judges

Judicial appointments made by John Adams before Thomas Jefferson took office

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judicial review

Established the Supreme Court's power to declare laws unconstitutional

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Chesapeake

Tensions increased between the United States and Great Britain when the British ship Leopard opened fire on the American frigate BLANK

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Impressment

BLANK was the British practice of kidnapping men to serve on navy crews

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Embargo Act

President Jefferson proposed the BLANK, which prohibited American exports to foreign countries

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44

Old Ironsides

BLANK was the nickname given to the USS constitution, an American ship with an oak hull that was resistant to British gunfire.

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Tecumseh

BLANK, a Native American leader, was killed when his forces were defeated by an army led by William Henry Harrison

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War Hawks

American politicians who hated the British and called for war were known as BLANK

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Canada

Soon after declaring war on Great Britain, American forces made several unsuccessful attempts to invade BLANK

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48

Francis Scott Key

BLANK wrote the poem "The Star-Spangled Banner" after seeing the American flag still flying over Fort McHenry in Baltimore harbor.

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New Orleans

Andrew Jackson's victory at the Battle of BLANK made him a national hero.

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Ghent

The Treaty of BLANK ended the War of 1812

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