# Chapter 2 - Rhythm, Meter, and Metric Organization

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Music notation

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### 35 Terms

1

Music notation

It shows how long one note lasts in relation to others

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2

Note tree

Relationship of duration symbols

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3

Rest tree

The relationship of the equivalent rests

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4

Dot and tie

Two symbols that extend the length or duration of a note

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5

Dot

Used to extend the value of a single note by one-half of its original value

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6

Double dot

Lengthens the dotted note value by half the length of the first dot

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7

Tie

It combines the durational values of two or more notes of the same pitch using a curved line

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8

Duration

The length of time sound or silence occurs

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9

Beat

A regular, recurring pulsation that divides music into units of time

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10

Meter

The organization of musical time into recurring patterns of strong and weak beats

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11

Duple (Strong weak)

Two beats per measure

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12

Triple (Strong weak weak)

Three beats per measure

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13

Quadruple (Strong weak less strong weak)

Four beats per measure

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14

Subdivision

The division of the beat into two or three equal parts

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15

Rhythm

Series of durations, often varying, of sound and silence

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16

Tempo

The speed of thee beat

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17

Meter signature

Establishes the grouping of the beats and the nature of the subdivision of the beat

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18

Simple meter

Refers to the beat being divided equally into two parts

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19

Compound meter

Refers to the beat being divided equally into three parts

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20

Common time

Represented by a lowercase c, it is used to represent 4/4

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21

Alla breve (Cut time)

Designated by a c with a line going through, is a substitute of 2/2

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22

what represents the subdivision in compound meter

the time signature

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23

Asymmetrical meters

Meters that have beat units of unequal length.

The most common ones have 5 or 7 as the top number.

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24

Irregular division

When a note is divided into an odd number of parts

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25

Triplet

To divide a regular duration into three,

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26

Simple division of a dotted note (Duplet or Tuplet)

When two notes divide the beat

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27

Downbeat

The first beat of the measure

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28

Anacrusis

Songs that begin with one or more notes that precede the first full measure

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29

Syncopation

The rhythmic displacement of the expected strong beat created by using dots, rests, ties, accent marks, rhythm, and dynamics

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30

Hemiola

A special type of syncopation where the bead is temporarily regrouped into twos

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31

Cross-rhythm

Metric device where the rhythmic relation of three notes occurs in the time of two

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32

For pitches on the middle line and above on the staff

the stems go downward.

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33

For pitches below the middle line

the stems extend upward.

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34

When drawing notes with single flags

the flag always goes on the right side of the note.

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35

with what should rhythmic patters be paired

with the beam to indicate beat units

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