Honors English 1 - Literary Terms

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allusion

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English

20 Terms

1

allusion

n. a reference to a classic text

types:

  • mythology -biblical -Shakespearean

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2

symbolism

n. a person, place or thing that represents a big idea

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3

myth

A traditional story involving supernatural beings or events that explains some natural (ocean, volcanoes, rainbows, weather, natural disaster, etc.) or social (things that go on in lives of humans) phenomenon.

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4

epithet

a short, descriptive nickname

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5

epic

long narrative poems that tell of the adventures of heroes who embody the values of their particular civilizations (ex. The Odyssey)

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6

epic simile

comparing extraordinary events to everyday occurrences using "like" or "as" (ex. "Athena the bright-eyed goddess flew like a bird in soaring flight")

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7

simile

comparing two unlike things using "like" or "as"

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8

metaphor

a direct comparison between two unlike things, often using "to be" verbs (are, am, is, was, were, been, being)

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9

anecdote

a short personal story that introduces a big idea

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10

hubris

a Greek term meaning excessive pride

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11

en media res

  • literally means "in the middle"

  • it is how The Odyssey starts

  • Homer invented it

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12

shift

abrupt change in mood, tone, or plot

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13

imagery

descriptive writing that appeals to one of the five senses (sight, touch, taste, smell, hearing)

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14

juxtaposition

placing two opposite things (physical entities) side by side so that a comparison can be made

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15

detail

are DETAILS (can give insight about how someone feels about something) provided about a subject

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16

anaphora

repetition at the beginning of consecutive sentences or phrases (ex. He shall ride the silver seas, / He shall cut the glittering wave)

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17

anadiplosis

when the word that ends a sentence beings the following sentence (ex. I like ice cream. Ice cream is good.)

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18

mood

  • how the reader feels when reading a text

  • mood is fairly subjective (opinionated)

  • mood is affected by detail, imagery, metaphors, similes, etc.

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19

tone

-the way a speaker feels about a subject -to find tone, play close attention to detail

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20

diction

-singular word choice used to describe a subject -often comes down to adjectives, adverbs, etc. -essentially the way one chooses to compile their words and phrases in speech or writing

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