APUSH Period 3 Part 1 IDs

studied byStudied by 43 People
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

French/Huron and Shawnee Tribes

1/50

Tags & Description

Studying Progress

New cards
50
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
50 Terms
New cards

French/Huron and Shawnee Tribes

Indians situated around the Great Lakes/Ohio River Valley area that allied with the French

New cards
New cards

English/Iroquois Tribes

Indians situated around the Eastern Woodlands region that are allied with the British colonists through the Covenant Chain

New cards
New cards

George Washington

A military general that led an expedition across the Ohio River to determine native status and later led the Continental Army in the Revolutionary War and became America's first president

New cards
New cards

Fort Duquesne

A major military seat for the French along the Ohio River Valley that Edward Braddock failed to claim, however, its later fall due to William Pitt's financial regiment support marked the end of the French and Indian War

New cards
New cards

Edward Braddock

A British military leader that failed to claim Fort Duquesne leading to colonist belief that they could better lead themselves

New cards
New cards

Albany Congress

Colonial representatives met together to discuss the French and Indian War, created the Albany Plan of Union that discussed joining colonies under Ben Franklin's Join or Die idea

New cards
New cards

Seven Year's War/French and Indian War

A series of conflicts between English and French and Indians over the Ohio River Valley area

New cards
New cards

Treaty of Paris 1763

The treaty that ended the French and Indian War that ended in English victory and claiming of the Ohio River Valley, but also put on England the debt and responsibility of using it

New cards
New cards

Acadians/Cajuns

England secured an early victory against Nova Scotia in the French and Indian war that displaced the Acadian Indians, some of which escaped to Southern Louisiana to form Cajun culture

New cards
New cards

Pontiac's Rebellion

A Native American war led by Pontiac, an Ottawa tribe leader, that killed four hundred soldiers and 2,000 settlers due to efforts to expulse whites from their land in the Ohio River Valley

New cards
New cards

Proclamation of 1763

British law that forbid further white settlement west of the Appalachians due to the fear of Indian rebellion and loss of control

New cards
New cards

Vice Admiralty Courts

Courts for smugglers or violators of the navigation acts without a jury and with one judge where smugglers must prove their innocence and if found guilty, they went to jail, and the judge gets 5% of their cargo while the rest goes to the crown

New cards
New cards

Writs of Assistance

General search warrant, allows the government to search your property at any time without evidence or probable cause

New cards
New cards

Sugar Act

An act that prohibited the smuggling of molasses

New cards
New cards

Stamp Act

Created by chancellor Grenville of Britain, tax for 1 penny on every single page of a document

New cards
New cards

External Tax

Taxes to regulate commerce, paid by merchants not by consumers

New cards
New cards

Internal Tax

Taxes that directly charge consumers based on what they buy for gaining government profit

New cards
New cards

Virtual Representation

British argument against taxation without representation, states that parliament represents all British

New cards
New cards

Loyal Nine

A group of middle class artisans that joined in a secret society in the later summer of 1765 that fought the Stamp Act

New cards
New cards

Sons of Liberty

A group of radical thinkers who fought against the stamp act in radical ways (demonstrations, violence) known to protest "taxation without representation"

New cards
New cards

Stamp Act Congress

In 1765, the first major coordinated action by the colonies against Britain for boycotting the Stamp Act, fought for taxation with representation

New cards
New cards

Declaratory Act

British act passed in 1766 that stated that Britain has the right at any time to place any taxes for any reason

New cards
New cards

John Locke

A major enlightenment thinker responsible for writing his "Two Treatises of Government" that focused on advocating for natural rights, popular sovereignty, and a social contract and later became the inspiration and foundation for the Constitution

New cards
New cards

Republican Government

A form of government where the people are the main source of power through voting and other public participation

New cards
New cards

Townshend Acts

In 1766, new indirect taxes on tea, glass, and paper passed by Britain that take power away from colonial legislature by paying crown officials in the colonies and making them independent of colonial legislature

New cards
New cards

Samuel Adams

Radical Revolutionary thinker who created the Sons of Liberty, the Boston Tea Party, and the Committees of Correspondence

New cards
New cards

Clergy and Protest

New cards
New cards

Letter from a Pennsylvania Farmer

A series of 12 essays written by John Dickenson that argued against the Townshend Acts for because of taxation without representation and because of the lack of paper and glass manufacturing in the colonies

New cards
New cards

John Dickenson

A Pennsylvania landowner who wrote "Letter from a Pennsylvania Farmer" who argued against the Townshend Acts

New cards
New cards

Patrick Henry

One of Virginia's leading independence advocates, who helped create the First Continental Congress and won election to that body representing Virginia, also created the "Give me Liberty or Death" speech

New cards
New cards

Spinning Bees/Clubs

Women's way of protesting against British taxes by spinning clothes instead of buying clothes

New cards
New cards

Committees of Correspondence

Coordinated letter writing of how to protect against Britain

New cards
New cards

Intolerable Acts/Coercive Acts

British response to the Boston Tea Party that resulted in the closure of Boston harbor (port bill), the revocation of Massachusetts charter (Massachusetts Government Act), making all British officers tried in Britain (Administration of Justice Act), the Quartering act, which made military live in your house at any time, and the Quebec Act, which made Catholicism ok in New France and Ohio Territory

New cards
New cards

First Continental Congress

Meets in Philadelphia, first government of Colonies except Georgia, said that they were going to ignore the coercive acts, boycott all British goods, stop exporting goods to Britain, send a letter to the King

New cards
New cards

Boston Massacre

Colonists start antagonizing British soldiers with snowballs, soldiers were intimidated and fired, killed 5 people, defended and acquitted by John Adams

New cards
New cards

Crispus Attucks

A free black man killed in the Boston Massacre, the first man killed in the massacre, maybe first causality of the revolutionary war

New cards
New cards

Paxton Boys

Active in the 1760s in Pennsylvania where western farmers who murdered Indians without consequence

New cards
New cards

Green Mountain Boys

New Hampshire colonists clashing with New York colonists over land

New cards
New cards

Regulators

North Carolina western farmers who felt like Eastern elites were taking advantage of them through taxes

New cards
New cards

Dunmore's War

Westerners in Virginia who ran into conflict with Indians by pushing onwards to the west

New cards
New cards

Liberty Affair

John Hancock's ship got a large fine for smuggling, riot later ensues

New cards
New cards

Gaspe Affair

British custom ship that came to enforce smuggling, crashes off the coast of Rhode Island, then set on fire by the colonists

New cards
New cards

Tea Act

A tax on tea that also provided exclusive rights to the British East India Company to ship tea, prompts the Boston Tea Party response

New cards
New cards

Boston Tea Party

A revolt planned by the Sons of Liberty, disguise themselves as Native Americans, jump onto ships and through away millions of dollars in tea in protest of the Tea Act

New cards
New cards

Lexington & Concord

First shots of the Revolutionary War fired in April 1775 in Massachusetts

New cards
New cards

Second Continental Congress

In Philadelphia in May, 1775, a meeting of radicals and moderates where the Olive Branch Petition is sent, the Declaration of Independence is created, and the Continental Army led by George Washington is built

New cards
New cards

Olive Branch Petition

Document sent by the Second Continental Congress that says we are loyal to the king, but we need a ceasefire in Boston, coercive acts appealed, and the negotiation of rights of colonists

New cards
New cards

Common Sense

Document written by Thomas Paine that attacks the monarchy as an institution dangerous to liberty, colonists, and rooted in superstition, says that there is no economic need for British connection, first discussion of independence

New cards
New cards

Thomas Paine

Writer of Common Sense, inspires America to start moving toward independence, says that contrary to common sense to be a big country ruled by a tiny island

New cards
New cards

Declaration of Independence

Document drafted by Thomas Jefferson in the Second Continental Congress in 1776 as proposed by Henry Lee based upon John Locke and Thomas Paine, establishes American Independence

New cards